(The Gist of PIB) Research and Development expenditure and scientific publications [MAY-2020]
(The Gist of PIB) Research and Development expenditure and scientific publications
Research and Development expenditure and scientific publications
The research and development Statistics and Indicators 2019-20 based on the National Science and Technology survey 2018 was released by the National Science and Technology Management Information (NSTMIS), Department of Science and Technology (DST).
Some of the key findings of the report are the following:
India’s gross expenditure in research and development has tripled between 2008 & 2018.
India spent 0.7% of its GDP on research and development in 2017-18, while the same among other developing BRICS countries were Brazil 1.3%, Russian Federation 1.1%, China 2.1%, and South Africa 0.8%.
DST and DBT were the two major players contributing 63% and 14%, respectively, of the total extramural research and development support in the country during 2016-17.
The number of researchers per million population in India has increased to 255 in 2017 from 218 in 2015 and 110 in 2000.
India occupies 3rd rank in terms of the number of Phds awarded in Science and Engineering after the USA (39,710 in 2016) and China (34,440 in 2015).
During 2018, India was ranked at 3rd, 5th and 9th in scientific publication output as per the NSF, SCOPUS and SCI database respectively
According to WIPO, India’s Patent Office stands at the 7th position among the top 10 Patent Filing Offices in the world.