The Gist of Press Information Bureau: February 2015
Infrastructure Facilities in Naxal Affected Areas
The Central Government has adopted an integrated approach to
deal with the menace of Left Wing Extremism (LWE) in the areas of security,
development, enforcing rights and entitlements of local communities, ensuring
good governance and public perception management. The State Governments
specifically deal with various issues related to LWE activities in the States.
The Central Government closely monitors the situation and supplements the
efforts of the State Governments over a wide range of schemes on both the
security and development fronts. On the development front, in addition to
various development programmes/ flagship schemes being implemented throughout
the country, the Planning Commission is implementing a scheme titled ‘Additional
Central Assistance (ACA) for LWE affected districts’ for development of affected
areas. The ACA, which focuses on the projects of public infrastructure and the
services, covers 88 districts of the 10 LWE affected States of Andhra Pradesh,
Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana,
Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Similarly, the scheme titled Road Requirement
Plan (RRP-I), being implemented and monitored by Ministry of Road Transport &
Highways envisages development of 5477 km of road length at an estimated cost of
Rs. 7300 crore in 34 LWE affected districts of the 8 States of Telangana, Bihar,
Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
As a part of its security related intervention, the Central
Government provides Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) Battalions to assist the
State Police Forces in anti-LWE operations. At present, 101 Battalions of CAPFs
have been deployed in the LWE affected States to assist the State Police Forces.
Sports Facilities in Schools/Colleges
UGC has provided grant to the tune of Rs.312.20 crores to
colleges for the development of new or existing outdoor/indoor infrastructure
for ensuring greater participation of students in sports activities under the
Scheme Development of Sports Infrastructure and Equipment in Universities and
Colleges during the XII Plan.
In addition, UGC has been sending, from time to time,
directions to universities to fill up the vacancies of teachers including sports
teachers. The Government is also making efforts to encourage sports in schools
and colleges as per the following details:
(i) In compliance of the provisions of the RTE Act, 2009, Sarva Shiksha
Abhiyan (SSA) norms have been revised which provide for Physical Training
Instructor (part time) at upper primary level.
(ii) Under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), financial assistance has
been given to states for purchase of sports in secondary schools.
(iii) In order to promote sports in higher educational institutions, UGC has
implemented a number of schemes during XII Plan i.e. (1) Free Education for
Sports Medal Winner/Participants of National/ International Events;
(2) Development of Sports Infrastructure and Equipment in Universities and
Colleges; and (3) Establishment of Centre of Excellence for Development of
Sports in Universities.
Implementation of scheme for development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri
Narendra Modi, approved the scheme for setting up 25 solar parks each with a
capacity of 500 MW and above and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects in various
parts of the country where large chunks of land can be spared for this purpose.
These parks will be able to accommodate over 20,000 MW of solar power projects.
The Solar Parks/ Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects will be set up during five
years that is from 2014-15 to 2018-19 and will require Central Government
financial support of Rs.4050 crore. Smaller parks in Himalayan and other hilly
States where contiguous land may be difficult to acquire in view of the
difficult terrain, will also be considered.
The solar parks will be developed in collaboration with State
Governments and their agencies. The choice of implementing agency for developing
and maintaining the park is left to the State Government. The States, applying
under the scheme, will have to designate an agency for the development of the
solar park. The State Government will first nominate the implementing agency for
the solar park and also identify the land for the proposed solar park. It will
then send a proposal to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) for
approval along with (or later) the name of the implementing agency. The
implementing agency may be sanctioned a grant of upto Rs.25 Lakh for preparing a
Detailed Project Report (DPR) of the Solar Park, conducting surveys, etc. The
DPR must be prepared in 60 days.
Thereafter, application may be made by the implementing
agency to SECI for the grant of up to Rs. 20 lakhs/MW or 30 percent of the
project cost including Grid-connectivity cost, whichever is lower. The approved
grant will be released by Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) as per
milestones prescribed in the scheme. All the States and Union Territories are
eligible for benefitting under the scheme. Solar parks will enable development
of solar power in remote areas where land is inexpensive. As the transmission
system will be developed for the entire park, developers will not have to set up
their own transmission lines. This will not only save money but will also avoid
damaging the landscape of the area as only limited transmission lines would be
laid. Developers would be able to set up projects very fast as they will not
have to get statutory and other clearances. India will emerge as a major solar
power producing country as nowhere in the world are solar parks being developed
on such a large scale.
The Finance Minister, while presenting Budget for the year
2014-15, had amongst other things announced that the new and renewable energy
deserves a very high priority and proposed to take up Ultra Mega Solar Power
Projects in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Laddakh in Jammu & Kashmir for
which he had set aside a sum of Rs. 500 crore in the Budget. The scheme for
development of Solar parks and Ultra Mega Soiar Power Projects has been
conceived on the lines of the “Charanka Solar Park” in Gujarat which is a
first-of-its-kind large scale Solar Park in India with contiguous developed land
and transmission connectivity.
India’s Role in IMF and WB
India has sought a greater role in International Monetary
Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB). The voice and quota reforms in IMF WB are an
ongoing process. India’s quota share in IMF increased from 1.91 percent to 2.44
percent in 2011. The 2010 IMF Quota and Governance Reforms (also referred to as
the 14th General Review of Quotas) will increase India’s quota share from the
current 2.44 percent to 2.75 percent, making India the eighth largest quota
holding country at the IMF from the current position of being eleventh largest.
Government of India has conveyed its consent to the reforms and proposed quota
increase. For the reforms to enter into force:
(i) Member countries having no less than 70 percent of the total of quotas
have to consent in writing to the increase in quotas; and
(ii) Reform of the Executive Board has to be accepted by three-fifth of the
Fund’s 188 members (or 113 members) having 85 percent of the Fund’s total voting
159 members, representing 78.88 percent of the IMF Quotas
have consented to the proposed Quota increases and 145 members representing
76.97 percent of quota have accepted the proposed amendment to the reform of the
Executive Board of the IMF.
Since the Monterrey consensus in 2002, voice reforms of the
World Bank (in IBRD, i.e. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development)
have taken place in two phases, the first phase in 2008 and the second phase in
2010. With the complete implementation of reforms, India will become the seventh
largest shareholder in IBRD with voting power of 2.91 percent from 2.77 percent.
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