(The Gist of PIB) Hong Kong lawmakers fight over extradition law [MAY-2019]
(The Gist of PIB) Hong Kong
lawmakers fight over extradition law [MAY-2019]
Hong Kong lawmakers fight over
- Fighting erupted in Hong Kong’s legislature over proposed changes to the
law allowing suspects to be sent to mainland China for trial. Critics
believe the proposed switch to the extradition law would erode Hong Kong’s
freedoms under the “One Country, Two Systems” policy.
- The principle of “one country, two systems” was first proposed by Deng
Xiaoping in the early 1980s as way to reconcile the communist mainland with
historically Chinese territories—Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau that had
- He suggested that there would be only one China, but distinct Chinese
regions such as Hong Kong and Macau could retain their own economic and
administrative systems, while the rest of the PRC (or simply “China”) uses
the socialism with Chinese characteristics system.
- In 1984 the concept was enshrined in the Sino-British Joint Declaration,
in which the two countries agreed that Britain would hand over sovereignty
of Hong Kong to China (China regained control over the former British colony
- It is also in Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, the Basic Law. The Hong
kong’s Basic Law states that even though Hong Kong is an “inalienable” part
of the People’s Republic, China’s parliament authorises it to exercise a
“high degree of autonomy” to enjoy executive, legislative and independent
- China is responsible for defence and foreign affairs but Hong Kong runs
its own internal security.
- The central government is banned from interfering in Hong Kong’s
affairs, and the Communist Party has no official presence. Freedom of
speech, press, religion and protest are all defended by law.