(The Gist of Science Reporter) Technology Delivery to Empower Women [FEBRUARY-2019]
(The Gist of Science Reporter)
Technology Delivery to Empower Women
Technology Delivery to Empower Women
Urban women these days are using technologies that reduce their drudgery
and improve lifestyles. Modem household appliances.
ICT applications, computers, and gadgets for office going women have all
made jobs simpler. However, in the rural scenario, life is somewhat
“Science & Technology for Women”
The Government of India has floated many schemes for women empowerment
and gender equity. There is a concern towards nutrition, literacy, skill
development and income generation for women. The Department of Science &
Technology has been implementing a scheme “Science & Technology for Women”
with a view to empower women through inputs of Science and Technology, since
the 1980 The broad objectives of this scheme are to promote development and
adaptation of appropriate technologies, transfer of proven technologies and
demonstration of live technology models to benefit women. Numerous priority
areas, with women as specific target groups, have been identified for proper
scientific/technical interventions for empowerment and sustainable
Besides individual projects for technology development, upgradation,
modulation and replication, the scheme also focuses on establishing “Women
Technology Parks (WTP)" dial are envisaged to act as resource centres where
all necessary support is made available to women from a single platform for
improving the living conditions of women. Recognizing the likely benefits of
an improved and structured mechanism for delivering technologies to the
women in rural areas, a number of “Women Technology Parks" have been set up
in different geographic/agro-climatic regions of the country. These Parks
act as windows for providing information, creating awareness, giving
training for appropriate technologies leading to skill upgradation and also
to help establish the all-important forward and backward linkages for income
generation through micro enterprises for women besides on-field trials for
R&D and modulation of the technology packages to address location-specific
Many technologies have been demonstrated, popularised and encouraged for
adoption as an income generating model. To name a few - Biomass Dryers,
Sanitary napkin making unit, Millet products. Mushroom Cultivation, Virgin
coconut oil making, etc.
Under the scheme “Science for Equity Empowerment & Development (SEED)"
of the Department of Science &. Technology, S&T based agencies, agricultural
extension divisions of universities, R&D laboratories and others are
encouraged to submit proposals for technology development, adaptation,
demonstration, etc. These technologies generally use locally available
resources like bamboo, coconut, areca nut, banana and so on for value
addition and preservation.
Proposals are evaluated by experts and those that satisfy all the
parameters are supported financially for a period of two to three years.
Financial support is for manpower, logistics, consumables, raw materials,
capital, equipment, training, etc. Women participants in the programme
receive on-site training for the technologies. There is a mid-term review
and mid-course corrections.
Tamil Nadu is doing a project to upscale hatchery production of marine
aquarium fishes by adopting innovative recirculation method and technology
transfer to the coastal tribal women as their livelihood option, A
demonstration hatchery with re circulatory system is being established to
culture marine ornamental clownfish and others, This will help in conserving
marine biodiversity and also help coastal tribal women.
The world over it has been observed that when women work, economies
grow. As women have more control over income, through their own earnings or
cash transfer, more money is spent for the benefit of children. Increasing
women and girls, education contributes to higher economic growth.
However, more women than men work in vulnerable, low-paid, or
undervalued jobs. The UN Women data of 141 countries indicates that women
and children who are poverty stricken are more vulnerable to natural
disasters compared to their male counterparts. Where the socio-economic
status of women is high, men and women die in roughly equal numbers during
and after natural disasters, whereas more women than men die (or die at a
younger age) where the socio-economic status of women is low. Therefore, we
may the status improves the hazard say, as the vulnerability decreases,
The programmes under S&T for Women" scheme of the government of India
focus on employment generation through training, value addition to local
resources, health & nutrition related projects aim at reduction of
occupational hazards, address problems like malnutrition, anaemia,
osteoporosis, etc. Introducing women-friendly technologies could lead to
economic growth, sustainability and several other benefits.