“Whereas in criminal conspiracy an agreement between two or more persons is needed, in abetment by conspiracy an engagement between them is enough.” Examine. (96/II/ lb/ 20)
The appellant along with the other three named accused were charged under Sec 120-B (criminal conspiracy) read with Sec 471 and Sec 420 IPC for conspiring to use forged documents and thereby induced the Controller of Imports to grant import licences. The magistrate acquitted all accused persons on all charges. The High Court on appeal reversed the acquittal of the appellant and convicted him for the substantive offence as well as conspiracy to commit such offence under Sec 120-B of the Indian Penal Code. Do you advise the appellant to appeal to the Supreme 55 (Main) Law—Topic Wise Paper Court? Give reasons. (98/II/1a/20)
“The law of criminal conspiracy insists on an agreement between two or more persons whereas in abetment by conspiracy a mere engagement between them may be sufficient.” Discuss. (01/II/2a/30)
“To constitute the offence of conspiracy there must be an agreement of two more persons to do an act which is illegal or which is to be done by illegalmeans for one cannot conspire with oneself.” Discuss. (06/II/2a/30)
Distinguish common intention from abetment and criminal conspiracy.
‘A’ with the intention of bringing “Hashish”, a prohibited drug in India, stealthily brought in his bag a cover believing that it contains “hashish” while coming from Bangladesh to India. While trying to sell the same to ‘B’ a dispute regarding its price arose. B grudgingly informed the police who opened the bag. It was found that it was a harmless snuff power and not hashish. Discuss the liability of A. (11/II/2b/30)