Model Questions for UPSC PRE CSAT PAPER SET - 47
Alleviation of rural poverty has been one of the primary objectives of planned development India. Ever since the inception of planning, the policies and the programmes have been designed and redesigned with this aim. The problem of rural poverty was brought into a sharper focus during sixth plan. In seventh plan too emphasized growth with social justice. It was realized that a sustainable strategy of poverty alleviation has to be based on increasing the productive employment opportunities in the process of growth itself. However, to the extent the process of growth by pass some sections of the population; it is necessary for make specific poverty alleviation programmes for generation of accretion minimum level of income of the rural poor. Rural development implies both the economic betterment of the people and greater social transformation increased participation of people in the rural development process, decentralization of planning, better enforcement of land reforms and greater access to credit and input so along way. In providing the rural people with better project for economic development. Improvements in health, education, drinking water, energy supply, sanitation and housing coupled with attitudinal changes also facilitate their social development. Rural poverty is inextricably linked with low rural productivity and unemployment, including under employment. Hence, it is imperative to improve productivity and increase employment in rural areas Moreover, more employment needs to be generated at higher levels of employment at miserably low levels of productivity and income is already a problem of for greater magnitude than unemployment as such. As per currently used methodology in the planning commission, poverty of the year was estimated through a large proportion of the rural population was working. Is was difficult for them to make out a living even at subsistence levels. It is true incidence of rural poverty for time. In terms of absolute numbers of the poor. The decline has been much-less. While this can be attributed to the demographic factor, the fact remains that after 50 years to planned development about 30 to 40 crore are still poor in rural India.
1. Rural poverty is associated with which of the following factors?
(a) Poor effectiveness of productive efforts
(b) Better sanitation and housing facilities
(c) Dearth of employment opportunities
(d) Lack of technical education for the rural youth
2. Which one of the following is not stated in the passage as an important factor for rural development?
(a) Involvement of the rural people in the development process
(b) Better enforcement of land reforms
(c) Greater access to credit
(d) Setting heavy industrial units in the rural areas
3. Which one of the following is relevant to formulation of a specific poverty alleviation programme?
(a) The sharper focus given in the sixth plan
(b) Directives from world band
(c) Creation sections of the population are not covered in the process of growth
(d) None of the above
4. Which one of the following has not been staked to be contributing towards facilitating social development?
(b) energy supply
(d) political awareness
Passed all the other course that I took at my university, but I could never pass botany. This was because all botany students need to spend several hours a week in a laboratory cooking through a microscope at plant cells and I could never see through a microscope I never once saw a cell through a microscope.
This used to enrage my instructor, he would wander around the laboratory pleases with the progress all the students. Were making in drawing the involved and, so in told, interesting structure of flower cell, until he came to me . I would just be standing there cannot see anything, I would say,” he would begin patiently enough, explaining how anybody can see through a microscope but he would always end up in fury, claiming that I too could see through a microscope but just pretended that, could not. It takes away from the beauty of flowers anyway. I used to tell “we are not concerned solely with what I may call the mechanics of flowers. “Well”, I’d say, I cant see any thing.
Try it just once again, he’d day, and I would put my eye to the microscope and see nothing at all, except now and again a nebulous milky substance a phenomenon of maladjustment. You were supposes to see vivid, restless clock work of sharply defined plant cells.
“I see what looks like a lot of milk”, I would tell them, he claimed, was the result of my not having adjusted the microscope properly, so he would readjust it for me, or rather, for himself. And I would look again and see milk.
5. The author thinks that he could not pass the Botany examination because:
(a) He did not take any interest in the subject
(b) He was partially blind
(c) He did not like microscope
(d) His teacher was not devoted to job
6. The instructor was enraged with the author’s persistence failure to see cells because he thought that the author:
(a) Pretended not to see them
(b) Was only interested in the mechanics of flowers
(c) Could only see a nebulous milky substance,
(d) Lacked common sense
7. The author thought that the instructor
(a) Attached to much significations to the laboratory work
(b) Failed to appreciate brilliant students
(c) Was himself pretending to be a scholarly
(d) Used to get upset with him
All attempts to detect oxygen in the atmosphere of mars have been unsuccessful, and it can be concluded that the amount of oxygen is not more that one-thousandth part of the amount in the earth’s atmosphere part of the amount in the earth’s atmosphere, indirect evidence of oxygen is provided by the ruddy colour of mars, which is unique among the heavenly bodies. This red colour is suggestive of rocks that have been completely oxidized and it may be contrasted with the grey or brownish colour of the rocks on the moon, which have remained an oxidised because of the absence of oxygen. It appears probable that mars may be a planet where the wreathing of rocks followed by their oxidation , has resulted in almost complete depletion of oxygen from the atmosphere.
8. The amount of oxygen available in the atmosphere of mars is;
(a) probably very small
(b) none at all
(c) A thousand times more that that into the earth’s atmosphere
(d) About as much as there is in the moon’s atmosphere.
9. the reason by the writer for the difference in colour between the rocks on mars and those on the moon is that:
(a) mars is very cold compared to other planets
(b) there is no oxygen at all in the atmosphere of the moon
(c) the rocks on mars have become old
(d) the rocks an mars are unoxidized
10. According to the passage:
(a) the amount of oxygen in mars has remained constant
(b) once there was more oxygen in the atmosphere of mars then there is how
(c) at one time mars was swept by fire, which turned the rocks into a reddish colour.
(d) severe storms caused the weathering of rocks
1 (d) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 (a) 5 (a) 6 (d) 7 (a) 8 (b) 9 (b) 10 (c)