Yojana Magazine: Issue June 2013
It may be a little surprising to know that the first
civilisation in the world to collapse due to ecological factors was Sumer in
Mesopotamia more than 4000 years ago. You may perhaps be thinking that it was
some natural disaster that led to the extinguishing of the Sumerian civilisation.
But the reality is different. In fact it was ,in a great measure, a man made
catastrophe caused by the increasing salinity in the extensive irrigation
channels built by the Sumers for cultivation. Indeed historical and
archaeological evidence points out that ecological factors played a crucial role
in the collapse of a number of ancient civilisations like the Indus Valley,
Greek, Phoenician, Roman and the Mayan.
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Courtesy: Yojana Govt.