Revision Notes : Civil Services
(Prelims) Examination Special
Maximum age to remain a High Court judge is 62 years and maximum age to
remain a Supreme Court judge is 65 years.
The process for removal of Comptroller and Auditor General of India is same
as that of judges of the Supreme Court.
Attorney General is the law expert to government. He can participate and
speak in both Houses of Parliament, but is not allowed to vote.
The idea of having a Lokpal to check corruption at the highest level
has been borrowed from â€œOmbudsmanâ€ of Sweden. In the States, we have the Lok
There are three types of Emergencies that can be proclaimed by the
under Article 352â€”due to war or internal rebellion.
(Implemented three times (1962, 71, 75).)
under Article 356â€”Constitutional problems.
(Implemented many times, in various States like J&K, Punjab, etc.)
under Article 360â€”Financial Emergency. (Not implemented
The Constitution initially recognised 14 National Languages. Later, four
more ere added. These were: Sindhi (21st amendment), Nepali, Konkani and
Manipuri (71st amendment).
To gain the status of a National Party, a political party must be recognised
in four or more States, attaining at least 4% votes on national scale and 9% in
The flag of the Congress party was accepted as the National Flag (with few
changes) on July 22, 1947.
The new Flag Code of India gives freedom to individuals to hoist the flag on
all days, but with due respect to the flag.
The Question hour in the Parliament is observed from 11 am to
12 noon. The Zero hour is observed from 12:00 noon to 1:00 pm.
Balwant Rai Mehta Committee suggested a three-tier structure for Panchayati
Rajâ€”Gram Panchayat village level, Panchayat amiti at block level and
Zila Parishad in districts.
First Constitutional Amendmentâ€”1951â€”put a ban on propagating ideas to
harm friendly relations with foreign countries.
Planning Commission is only an advisory and specialist body. Its chairman is
the Prime Minister.
National Development Council is the main body concerned with the ctual
planning process. Its chairman is also the Prime Minister.
The first leader of the Opposition was Ram
Subhag Singh, in 1969.
The shortest Lok Sabha span was 13 days (12th Lok Sabha in 1998).
Although the Parliament can pass impeachment motion against judges, their
conduct cannot be discussed by it.
There are at present 18 High Courts in India.
Article 370 gives special status to Jammu & Kashmir.
The Indian Constitution was the first of the preceding two centuries which
was not imposed by an imperial power, but was made by the people themselves,
through representatives in a Constituent Assembly.
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is not enforceable in a court of law. It
states the objects which the Constitution seeks to establish.
The Indian Constitution endows the Judiciary ith power of declaring a
law as unconstitutional if it is beyond the competence of the Legislature
according to the distribution of powers provided by the Constitution, or if it
is in contravention of the fundamental rights or of any other mandatory
provision, e.g. Articles 286, 299, 301 and 304.
As part of the integration of various Indian States into the Dominion of
India a three-fold process of integration, known as the Patel Scheme, was
(i) 216 States were merged into the respective Provinces, geographically
contiguous to them. These merged States were included in the territories of the
States in Part B in the First Schedule of the Constitution. The process of
merger started with the merger of Orissa and Chattisgarh States with the then
province of Orissa, on January 1, 1948. The last instance was merger of
Cooch-Behar with West Bengal in January 1950.
61 States were converted into Centrally-administered areas and included in
Part C of the First Schedule.
The third form was consolidation of groups of States into new viable units,
known as Union of States. The first Union formed was the Saurashtra Union on
February 15, 1948. The last one was Union of Travancore- Cochin on July 1, 1949.
many as 275 States were integrated into five Unionsâ€”Madhya Bharat, Patiala and
East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan, Saurashtra and Travancore- Cochin. These
were included in Part B of the First Schedule. Besides, Hyderabad, J&K and
Mysore were also included in Part B.
At the time of accession to the Dominion of India, the States had acceded
only on three subjects (Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communications). Later,
revised Instruments of Accession were signed by which all States acceded in
respect of all matters included in Union and Concurrent Lists, except only those
relating to taxation.
The process of integration culminated in the Constitution (7th Amendment)
Act, 1956, which abolished Part B States as a class and included all the States
in Part A and B in one list.