Andhra Pradesh Public Service
Commission : Hyderabad
Syllabus for the Royalty Inspectors in A.P.
Part – I
- General Geology: Solar System. The Earth: its origin, age and
internal constitution. Volcanoes-types, distribution geological effects and
products. Earth- quakes-intensity, magnitude, distribution, causes and
effects. Elementary ideas about isostasy, geosynclines, mountain building,
continental drift, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics.
- Geomorphology: Basic concepts. External and internal processes.
Rock weathering. Cycle of erosion. Fluvial landforms and drainage patterns.
Landforms of Aeolian, marine, glacial and ‘Karst’ landscapes. Elements of
- Structural and field Geology: Primary and secondary structures.
Dip and strike of beds. Unconformities. Study of folds, joints, faults,
foliation and lineations. Overthrusts and nappe structures. Stages of rock
deformation. Construction of block diagrams, Stereographic and equal-area
nets. Solutions of simple problems by stereographic net. Topographic maps
and their interpretation. Use of clinometer compass in the field
Measurements of bed, foliation, folds joints, faults and lineations in the
field. Principles of geological mapping. Effects of topography on outcrops.
Drawing of sections.
Part – II
- Crystallography: Elements of crystal structure. Laws of crystallography,
Symmetry elements of normal classes of seven crystal systems. Properties and
interaction of light and crystalline matter. Petrological microscope and
accessories. Construction and use of Nicole prism. Pleochroism, double
refraction, extinction angle, birefringence and twinning in crystals,
Isotropic, uniaxial and biaxial minerals.
- Mineralogy: Physical, chemical and optical properties of the following
common rock forming minerals: quartz, feldspar, mica, pyroxene, amphibole,
olivine, garnet, chlorite, carbonates, aluminosilicates. Structure of
silicates and crystal chemistry of minerals. Gemstones.
- Economic Geology: Ore, ore mineral and gangue. Classification of ore
deposits. Important processes of their formation. Occurrence, origin and
distribution in India of the ores of aluminium, chromium, copper, gold,
lead, zinc, iron, manganese and radioactive elements. Deposits of minerals
use as abrasives, refractories and in ceramics, deposits of coal and
petroleum. Elements of prospective of mineral deposits.
Part – III
- Igneous Petrology: Origin of magma and formation of igneous
rocks. Bowen’s reaction principle. Crystallization of binary systems.
Classification of igneous rocks. Textures and structures of igneous rocks.
Composition, origin and mode of occurrence of granite, syenite diorite,
mafic and ultramafic groups, anorthosites and alkaline rocks.
- Sedimentary Petrology: Sedimentary process and products.
Classification of sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary structures. Residual
deposits – their mode of formation, chacteristics and types, Clastic
deposits – their classification, mineral composition and texture. Elementary
ideas about the origin and characteristics of quartz arenites, arkoses and
greywackes. Siliceous and calcareous deposits of chemical and organic
- Metamorphic Petrology: Types and factors of metamorphism. Zones,
grades and facies of metamorphism. Regional and contact metamorphism.
Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks. Metamorphism of argillaceous,
arenaceous, calcareous and basic rocks. Metasomatism.