: Speical Class Railway Examination
The questions will be
designed to test the candidates' understanding and command of the language.
(ii) General Knowledge
The questions will be designed to test
a candidate's general awareness of the environment around him and its
application to society. The standard of answers to questions should be as
expected of students of standard 12 or equivalent.
and his environment
Evolution of life, plants and animals, heredity and environment-Genetics,
cells, chromosomes, genes.
Knowledge of the human body-nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods, public
health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common diseases.
Environmental pollution and its control. Food adulteration, proper storage and
preservation of food grains and finished products, population explosion,
population control. Production of food and raw materials. Breeding of animals
and plants, artificial insemination, manures and fertilizers, crop protection
measures, high yielding varieties and green revolution, main cereal and cash
crops of India .
Solar system and the earth, Seasons, Climate , Weather, Soil-its formation,
erosion. Forests and their uses. Natural calamities cyclones, floods,
earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and their role in
irrigation in India . Distribution of natural resources and industries in India
. Exploration of under-ground minerals including Oil Conservation of natural
resources with particular reference to the flora and fauna of India .
History, Politics and Society in India
Vedic, Mahavir, Budhdha, Mauryan, Sunga, Andhra, Kushan. Gupta ages (Mauryan
Pillars, Stupa Caves , Sanchi, Mathura and Gandharva Schools , Temple
architecture, Ajanta and Ellora). The rise of new social forces with the coming
of Islam and establishment of broader contacts. Transition from feudalism to
capitalism. Opening of European contacts. Establishment of British rule in India
. Rise of nationalism and national struggle for freedom culminating in
Constitution of India and its characteristic features - Democracy, Secularism,
Socialism, equality of opportunity and Parliamentary form of Government. Major
political ideologies-democracy, socialism, communism and Gandhian idea of
non-violence. Indian political parties, pressure groups, public opinion and the
press, electoral system.
's foreign policy and non-alignment-Arms race, balance of power. World
organisation-political, social, economic and cultural. Important events
(including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad during the past
features of Indian social system: The caste system, hierarchy - recent changes
and trends. Minority social institution - marriage, family, religion and
of labour, co-operation, conflict and competition, Social control - reward and
punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public opinion, agencies of social
control - family, religion, state educational institutions; factors of social
change- economic, technological, demographic, cultural; the concept of
Social disorganisation in India - Casteism, communalism, corruption in public
life, youth unrest, beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime, poverty and
Social planning and welfare in India , community development and labour welfare;
welfare of Scheduled Castes and backward classes.
Money - Taxation, price, demographic trends, national income, economic growth.
Private and Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors in planning,
balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial development;
inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource mobilisation. India 's
Five Year Plans.
The questions will be designed to
assess the basic intelligence and mechanical aptitude of the candidate.