Details : Indian Forest Service :
1. Soil and Water Conservation : Scope of soil and water conservation.
Mechanics and types of erosion, their causes. Rainfall, runoff and sedimentation
relationships and their measurement. Soil erosion control measures - biological
and engineering including stream bank protection-vegetative barriers, contour
bunds, contour trenches, contour stone walls, contour ditches, terraces, outlets
and grassed waterwyas. Gully control structures - temporary and permanent -
design of permanent soil conservation structures such as chute, drop and drop
inlet spillways. Design of farm ponds and percolation ponds. Principles of flood
control-flood routing. Watershed Management - investigation, planning and
implementation - selection of priority areas and water shed work plan, water
harvesting and moisture conservation. Land development - levelling, estimation
of earth volumes and costing. Wind Erosion process - design fo shelter belts and
wind brakes and their management. Forest (Conservation) Act,
Aerial Photography and Remote Sensing : Basic characteristics of
photographic images, interpretation keys, equipment for interpretation, imagery
interpretation for land use, geology, soil and forestry.
sensing - merits and demerits of conventional and remote sensing approaches.
Types of satellite images, fundamentals of satellite image interpretation,
teachniques of visual and digital interpretations for soil, water and land use
management. Use of GIS in planning and development of watersheds, forests
including forest cover, water resources etc.
Irrigation and Drainage : Sources of water for irrigation. Planning and
design of minor irrigation projects. Techniques of measuring soil moisture -
laboratory and in situ, Soil-water plant relationships. Water requirement of
crops. Planning conjunctive use of surface and ground weater. Measurement of
irrigation water, measuring devices - orifices, weirs and flumes. Methods of
irrigation - surface, sprinkler and drip, fertigation. Irrigation efficiencies
and their estimation. Design and construction of canals, field channels,
underground pipelines, head-gates, diversion boxes and structures for road
crossing. Occurrence of ground water, hydraulics of wells, types of wells (tube
wells and open wells) and their construction. Well development and testing.
Pumps-types, selection and installation. Rehabilitation of sick and failed
causes of waterlogging and salt problem. Methods of drainageâ€” drainage of
irrigated and unirrigated lands, design of surface, sub-surface and vertical
drainage systems. Improvement and utilization of poor quality water. Reclamation
of saline and alkali soils. Economics of irrigation and drainage systems. Use of
waste water for irrigation â€” standards of waste water for sustained
irrigation, feasibility and economics.
Agricultural Structures : Site selection, design and construction of
farmstead - farm house, cattle shed, dairy bam, poultry shed, hog housing,
machinery and implement shed, storage structures for food grains, feed and
forage. Design and consturction of fences and farm roads. Structures for plant
environment - green houses, poly houses and shade houses. Common building
materials used in construction - timber, brick, stone, tiles, concrete etc and
their properties. Water supply, drainage and sanitation system.
Farm Power and Machinery : Agricultural mechanization and its scope.
Sources of farm power - animate and electro-mechanical. Thermodynamics,
construction and working of internal combustion engines. Fuel, ignition,
lubrication, cooling and governing system of IC engines. Different types of
tractors and power tillers. Power tramsmission, ground drive, power take off
(p.t.o.) and control systems. Operation and maintenance of farm machinery for
primary and secondary tillage. Traction theory. Sowing transplanting and
interculture implements and tools. Plant protection equipment - spraying and
dusting. Harvesting, threshing and combining equipment. Machinery for earth
moving and land development - methods and cost estimation. Ergonomics of
man-machine system. Machinery for horticulture and agro-forestry, feeds and
forages. Haulage of agricultural and forest produce.
Agro-energy : Energy requirements of agricultural operations and
agro-processing. Selection, installation, safety and maintenance of electric
motors for agricultural applications. Solar (thermal and photovoltoic), wind and
bio-gas energy and their utilization in agriculture. Gasification of biomass for
running IC engines and for electric power generation. Energy efficient cooking
stoves and alternate cooking fuels. Distribution of electricity for agricultural
and agro-industrial applications.
Agricultural Process Engineering : Post harvest technology of crops and
its scope. Engineering properties of agricultural produces and by-products. Unit
operations - clearning grading, size reduction, densification, concentration,
drying/dehydration, evaporation, filtration, freezing and packaging of
agricultural produces and by-products. Material handling equipment - belt and
screw conveyors, bucket elevators, their capacity and power requirement.
Processing of milk and dairy products - homogenization, cream separation,
pasteurization, sterilization, spray and roller drying, butter making, ice
cream, cheese and shrikhand manufacture. Waste and by-product utilization - rice
husk, rice bran, sugarcane bagasse, plant residues and coir pith.
Instrumentation and computer applications in Agricultural Engineering : Electronic
devices and their characteristics - rectifiers, amplifiers, oscillators,
multivibrators. Digital circuits â€” sequential and combinational system.
Application of microprocessors in data acquisition and control of agricultural
engineering processes- measurement systems for level, flow, strain, force,
torque, power, pressure, vaccum and temperature. Computers â€” introduction,
input/output devices, central processing unit, memory devices, operating
systems, processors, keyboards and printers. Algorithms, flowchart
specification, programme translation and problem analysis in Agricultural
Engineering. Multimedia and Audio-Visual aids.