Syllabus Details : Indian
Forest Service :
Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Animal Nutrition-Energy sources, energy, metabolism and requirements for
maintenance and production of milk, meat, eggs and wool. Evaluation of feeds as
sources of energy.
Trends in protein nutriton: sources of protein metabolism and synthesis, protein
quantity and quality in relation to requirements. Energy protein ratios in
Minerals in animal diet : Sources, functions, requirements and their
relationship of the basic minerals nutrients including trace elements.
Vitamins, Hormones and Growth Stimulating, substances : Sources, functions,
requirements and inter-relationship with minerlas.
Advances in Ruminant Nutrition-Dairy Cattle: Nutrients and their metabolism with
reference to milk production and its composition. Nutrient requirements for
calves, heifers, dry and milking cows and buffaloes. Limitations of various
Advances in Non-Rumiant Nutrition-Poultry-Nutrients and their metabolism with
reference to poultry, meat and egg production, Nutrients requirements and feed
formulation and broilers at different ages.
Advances in Non-Ruminant Nutrition-Swine-Nutrients and their metabolism with
special reference to growth and quality of meat production, Nutrient requirement
and feed formulation for baby-growing and finishing pigs.
Advances in Applied Animal Nutrition-A critical review and evalaution of feeding
experiments, digestibility and balance studies. Feeding standards and measures
of food energy. Nutrition requirements for growth, maintenance and production.
Animal Physiology :
Growth and Animal Production :-Prenatal and postnatal growth, maturation,
growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, conformation, body
composition, meat quality.
Milk Production and Reproduction and Digestion : Current status of
hormonal control of mammary development, milk secretion and milk ejection. Male
and Female reproduction organ, their components and function. Digestive organs
and their functions.
Environmental Physiology : Physiological relations and their regulation;
mechanisms of adaption, environmental factors and regulatory mechanism involved
in animal behaviour, methods of controlling climatic stress.
Semen quality : Preservation and Artificial Insemination-Components of
semen, composition of spermatozoe, chemical and physical properties of
ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro. Factors
affecting semen production and quality preservation, composition of diluents,
sperm concentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep Freezing techniques in
cows, sheep and goats, swine and poultry.
Detection of oestrus and time of insemination for better conception.
Livestock Production and Management :
3.1 Commercial Dairy Farming-Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced
countries. Dairying under fixed farming and as a specialised farming, economic
dairy farming, Starting of a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement,
organisation of the dairy farm.
Procurement of goods; opportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the
efficiency of dairy animal, Herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production;
pricing policy; Personnel Management. Developing Practical and Economic ration
for dairy cattle; supply of greens throughout the year, field and fodder
requirements of Dairy Farm, Feeding regimes for day and young stock and bulls,
heifers and breeding animals, new trends in feeding young and adult stock;
3.2. Commercial meat, egg and wool production: Development of practical and
economic rations for sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry. Supply of greens,
fodder, feeding regimens for young and mature stock. New trends in enhancing
production and management. Capital and land requirements and socio-economic
3.3. Feeding and management of animals under drought, flood and other natural
Genetics and Animal Breeding : Mitosis and Meiosis; Mendelian
inheritance; deviations to Mendelian genetics; Expression of genes; Linkage and
crossing over; Sex determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters;
Blood groups and polymorphism; Chromosome abberations; Gene and its structure;
DNA as a genetic material; Genetic code and protein synthesis; Recombinant DNA
technology, Mutations, types of mutations, methods for detecting mutations and
Population Genetics Applied to Animal Breeding: Quantitative Vs. qualitative
traits; Hardy Weinberg Law; Population Vs. individual; Gene and genotypic
frequency; Forces changing gene frequency; Random drift and small populations;
Theory of path coefficient; Inbreeding, methods of estimating inbreeding
coefficient, systems of inbreeding; Effective population size; Breeding value,
estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic deviation; partitioning of
variation; Genotype X environment correlation and genotype X environment
interaction; Role of multiple measurements; Resemblance between relatives.
Breeding Systems : Heritability, repeatability and genetic and phenotypic
correlations, their methods of estimation and precision of estimates; Aids to
selection and their relative merits; Individual, pedigree, family and within
family selection; Progeny testing; Methods of selection; Construction of
selection indices and their uses; Comparative evaluation of genetic gains
through various selection methods; Indirect selection and Correlated response;
Inbreeding, upgrading, cross-breeding and synthesis of brees; Crossing of inbred
lines for commercial production; Selection for general and specific combining
ability; Breeding for threshold character.
1. Health and Hygiene
1.1. Histology and Histological Techniques : Stains-Chemical
classification of stains used in biological work-principles of staining
tissues-mordants-progressive & regressive stains-differential staining of
cytoplasmic and connective tissue elements-Methods of preparation and processing
of tissues-celloidin embedding-Freezing microtomy-Microscopy-Bright field
microscope and electron microscope. Cytology-structure of cell, organells &
inclusions; cell divison-cell types-Tissues and their classification-embryonic
and adult tissues-Comparative histology of organs:- vascular, Nervous,
digestive, respiratory, musculo-skeletal and urogenital systems-Endocrine
Embryology : Embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves and
domestic mammals-gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers-foetal membranes &
placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twin &
twinning-organogenesis-germ layer derivatives-endodermal, mesodermal and
Bovine Anatomy-Regional Anatomy : Paranasal sinuses of OX-surface anatomy
of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary,
mandibuloalveolar, mental & coronal nerve block-Regional anatomy of
paravertebral nerves, pudental nerve, median, ulnar & radial nerves-tibial,
fibular and digital nerves-Cranial nerves-structures involved in epidural
anaesthesia-superficial lymph nodes-surface anatomy of visceral organs of
thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities-comparative features of locomotor
apparatus & their application in the biomechanics of mammalian body.
Anatomy of Fowl : Musculo-skeletal system-functional anatomy in relation
to respiration and flying, digestion and egg production.
Physiology of blood and its circulation, respiration; excretion, Endocrine
glands in health and disease.
Blood constituents : Properties and functions-blood cell
formation-Haemoglobin synthesis and chemistry-plasma proteins production,
classification and properties; coagulation of blood; Haemorrhagic
disorders-anticoagulants-blood groups-Blood volume-Plasma expanders-Buffer
systems in blood. Biochemical tests and their significance in disease diagnosis.
Circulation: Physiology of heart, cardiac cycle-heart sounds, heart beat,
electrocardiograms, Work and efficiency of heart-effect of ions on heart
function-metabolism of cardiac muscle, nervous and chemical regulation of heart,
effect of temperature and stress on heart, blood pressure and hypertension,
Osmotic regulation, arterial pulse, vasomotor regulation of circulation, shock.
Coronary & pulmonary circulation, Blood-Brain barrier-Cerebrospinal
fluid-circulation in birds
Respiration : Mechanism of respiration, Transport and exchange of
gases-neural control of respiration-chemoreceptors-hypoxia-respiration in birds
Excretion: Structure and function of kidney-formation of urinemethods of
studying renal function-renal regulation of acid-base balance; physiological
constituents of urine-renal failure-passive venous congestion-Urinary recreation
in chicken-Sweat glands and their function. Biochemical tests for urinary
Endocrine glands : Functional disorders, their symptoms and diagnosis.
Synthesis of hormones, mechanism and control of secretion-hormonal
receptors-classification and function
General knowlege of pharmacology and therapeutics of drugs : Celluar
level of pharmacodynamics and pharmaco-kinetics-Drugs acting on fluids and
electrolyte balance-drugs acting on Autonomic nervous system-Modern concepts of
anaesthesia and dissociative anaesthetics-Autocoids-Antimicrobials and
principles of chemotherapy in microbial injections-use of hormones in
therapeutics-chemotherapy of parasitic infections-Drug and economic persons in
the Edible tissues of animals-chemotherapy of Neoplastic diseases.
Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation :
Assessment of pollution of water, air and soil-Importance of climate in animal
health-effect of environment on animal function and performance-relationship
between industri-alisation and animal agriculture-animal housing requirements
for specific categories of domestic animals viz. pregnant cows & sows,
milking cows, broiler birds-stress, strain & productivity in relation to
Animal Diseases :
2.1 Pathogenesis, symptoms, postmortum lesions, diagnosis, and control of
infection diseases of cattle, pigs and poultry, horses, sheep and goats.
2.2 Etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of production diseases of cattle,
pig and poultry.
2.3 Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds.
2.4 Diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific condition like impaction, Bloat,
Diarrhoea, Indigestion, dehydration, stroke, poisioning.
2.5 Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders.
2.6 Principles and methods of immunisation of animals against specific
disseases-hard immunity-disease free zones-'zero' disease
2.7 Anaesthesia-local, regional and general-preanaesthetic medication, Symptoms
and surgical interference in fractures and dislocation, Hernia, choking,
abomassal displacement-Caesarian operations, Rumenotomy-Castrations.
2.8 Disease investigation techniques-Materials for laboratory
investigation-Establishment Animal Health Centres-Disease free zone.
Veterinary Public Health
3.1 Zoonoses : Classification, definition; role of animals and birds in
prevalence and transmission of zoonotic diseases-occupational zoonotic diseases.
3.2. Epidemiology : Principles, definition of epidemiological terms,
application of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease
control, Epidemiological features of air, water and food borne infections.
3.3 Veterinary Jurisprudence : Rules and Regulations for improvement of
animal quality and prevention of animal diseases-state and control Rules for
prevention of animal and animal product borne diseases-S.P. C.A.-veterolegal
cases-certificates-Materials and Methods of collection of samples for
Milk and Milk Products Technology :
4.1 Milk Technology : Organization of rural milk procurement, collection
and transport of raw milk. Quality, testing and grading raw milk, Quality
storage grades of whole milk, Skimmed milk and cream.
Processing, packaging, storing, distributing, marketing defects and their
control and nutritive properties of the following milks : Pasteurized,
standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted,
recombined and flavoured milks. Preparation of cultured milks, cultures and
their management, youghurt, Dahi, Lassi and Srikhand. Preparation of flavoured
and sterlized milks. Legal standards, Sanitation requirement for clean and safe
milk and for the milk plant equipment.
4.2 Milk Products Technology : Selection of raw materials, assembling,
production, processing, storing, distributing and marketing milk products such
as Butter, Ghee, Khoa, Channa, Cheese; Condensed, evaporated, dried milk and
baby food; Ice cream and Kulfi; by products; whey products, butter milk, lactose
and casein. Testing Grading, judging milk products-BIS and Agmark
specifications, legal standards, quality control nutritive properties.
Packaging, processing and operational control Costs.
Meat Hygiene and Technology : 5.1 Meat Hygiene :
5.1.1 Ante mortem care and management of food animals, stunning, slaughter and
dressing operations; abattoir requirements and designs; Meat inspection
procedures and judgement of carcass meat cuts-drading of carcass meat
cuts-duties and functions of Veterinarians in Wholesome meat production.
5.1.2 Hygienic methods of handling production of meat-spoilage of meat and
control measures-Post slaughter physicochemical changes in meat and factors that
influence them-quality improvement methods-Adulteration of meat and
defection-Regulatory provisions in Meat trade and Industry.
5.2. Meat Technology
5.2.1 Physical and chemical characteristics of meat-meat emulsions-methods of
preservation of meat-curing, canning, irradiation, packaging of meat and meat
products; meat products and formulations.
5.3. Byproducts : Slaughter house by products and their
utilisation-Edible and inedible byproducts-social and economic implications of
proper utilisation of slaughter house byproducts-Organ products for food and
5.4. Poultry Products Technology : Chemical composition and nutritive
value of poultry meat, pre slaughter care and management. Slaughtering
techniques, inspection, preservation of poultry meat, and products. Legal and
Structure, composition and nutritive value of eggs. Microbial spoilage.
Preservation and mainteancne. Marketing of poultry meat, eggs and products.
5.5. Rabbit/Fur Animal farming : Care and management of rabbit meat
production. Disposal and utilization of fur and wool and recycling of waste
byproducts. Grading of wool.
Extension : Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of
extension. Different Methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions.
Generation of technology, its transfer and feedback. Problems of constraints in
transfer of technology. Animal husbandry programmes for rural development.