Paper-1 | Section-A
1. Non-chordata and chordata :
(a) Classfication and relationship of varous phyla upto sub-classes;
Acoelomata and Coelomata; Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateralia and
Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry.
(b) Protozoa : Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction; evolution of sex; General
features and life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium, and
Leishmania. (c) Porifera : Skeleton, canal system and reproduction.
(d) Coelenterata : Polymorphism, defensive structures and their mechanism;
coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis; general features and life
history of Obelia and Aurelia.
(e) Platyhelminthes : Parasitic adaptation; general features and life history
of Fasciola and Taenia and their relation to man.
(f) Nemathelminthes : General features, life history and parasitic adaptation
of Ascaris; nemathelminths in relation to man.
(g) Annelida : Coelom and metamerism; modes of life in polychaetes; general
features and life history of nereis (Neanthes), earthworm (Pheretima) and
(h) Arthropoda : Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea; vision and
respiration in arthropods (prawn, cockroach and scorpion); modification of
mouth parts in insects (cockroach, mosquito, housefly, honey bee and
butterfly); metamorphosis in insects and its hormonal regulation; social
organization in insects (termites and honey bees).
(i) Mollusca : Feeding, respiration, locomotion, shell diversiy; general
features and life history of Lamellidens, Pila and Sepia, torsion and
detorsion in gastropods.
(j) Echinodermata : Feeding, respiration, locomotion larval forms; general
features and life history of Asterias.
(k) Protochordata : Origin of chordates; general features and life history of
Branchiostoma and Herdamania.
(l) Pisces : Scales, respiration, locomotion, migration.
(m) Amphibia : Origin of tetrapods; parental care, paedomorphosis.
(n) Reptilia : Origin of reptiles; skull types; status of Sphenodon and
(o) Aves : Origin of birds; flight adaptation, migration.
(p) Mammalia : Origin of mammals; denitition; general features of egg-laying
mammals, pouched-mammals, aquatic mammals and primates; endocrine glands and
other hormone producing structures (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal,
pancreas, gonads) and their interrelationships.
(q) Comparative functional anatomy of various systems of vertebrates
(integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton, locomotory organs, digestive
system, respiratory system, circulatory system including heart and aortic
arches; urino-genital system, brain and sense organs (eye and ear).
1. Ecology :
(a) Biosphere: Biogeochemical cycles, green-houses effect, ozone layer and
its impact; ecological succession, biomes and ecotones.
(b) Population, characteristics, population dynamics, population
(c) Conservation of natural resources- mineral mining, fisheries, aquaculture;
forestry; grassland; wildlife (Project Tiger); susainable production in
agriculture-integrated pest management.
(d) Environmental biodegradation; pollution and its impact on biosphere and
II. Ethology :
(a) Behaviour : Sensory filtering, responsiveness, sign stimuli, learning,
instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.
(b) Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm spreading; crypsis,
predator detection, predator tactics, social behaviour in insects and
primates; courtship (Drosophila, 3-spine stickleback and birds).
(c) Orientation, navigation, homing; biological rhythms; biological clock,
tidal, seasonal and circadian rhythms.
(d) Methods of studying animal behaviour.
III. Economic Zoology :
(a) Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture, prawn
(b) Major infectious and communicable diseases (small pox, plague, malaria,
tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors, pathogens and prevention.
(c) Cattle and livestock diseases, their pathogens (helminths) and vectors
(ticks, mites,Tabanus, Stomoxys)
(d) Pests of sugar cane (Pyrilla perpusiella), oil seed (Achaea janata) and
rice (Sitophilus oryzae).
IV. Biostatistics :
Designing of experiments; null hypothesis; correlation, regression,
distribution and measure of central tendency, chi square, student t-test,
F-test (one-way & two-way F-test).
V. Instrumental methods :
(a) Spectrophotometry, flame photometry, Geiger-Muller counter,
(b) Electron microscopy (TEM, SEM).
Paper-II | Section-A
I. Cell Biology:
(a) Structure and function of cell andits organelles(nucleus, plasma
membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes and
Iysosomes), cell division (mitosis and meiosis), mitotic spindle and mitotic
apparatus, chromosome movement.
(b) Watson-Crick model of DNA, replication of DNA, protein synthesis,
transcription and transcription factors.
a) Gene structure and functions; genetic code.
(b) Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Drosophilla, nematodes and man.
(c) Mendel's laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, linkage-maps,
multiple alleles, cistron concept; genetics of blood groups.
(d) Mutations and mutagenesis : radiation and chemical.
(e) Cloning technology, plasmids and cosmids as vectors, transgenics,
transposons, DNA sequence cloning and whole animal cloning (Principles and
(f) Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eu-karyotes.
(g) Signal transduction; pedigree-analysis; congenital diseases in man.
(h) Human genome mapping; DNA finger-printing.
(a) Origin of life
(b) Natural selection, role of mutation in evolution, mimicry, variation,
(c) Fossils and fossilization; evolution of horse, elephant and man.
(d) Hardy-Weinberg Law, causes of change in gene frequency.
(e) Continental drift and distribution of animals.
(a) Zoological nomenclature; international code; cladistics.
(a) Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, lipids, proteins,
aminoacids, nucleic acids; saturated and unsaturated fattyacids, cholesterol.
(b) Glycolysis and Krebs cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative
phosphorylation; energy conservation and release, ATP, cyclic AMP-its
structure and role.
(c) Hormone classification (steroid and peptide hormones), biosynthesis and
(d) Enzymes : types and mechanisms of action; immunoglobulin and immunity;
vitamins and co-enzymes.
II Physiology (with special refernece ot mammals)
(a) Composition and constitutents of blood; blood groups and Rh factor in
man; coagulation, factors and mechanism of coagulation; acid-base balance,
(b) Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport; haemoglobin : constitutents and role
(c) Nutritive requirements; role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas and
intestinal glands in digestion and absorption.
(d) Excretory products; nephron and regulation of urine formation;
(e) Types of muscles, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles.
(f) Neuron, nerve impulse-its conduction and synaptic transmission;
neurotransmitters. (g) Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.
(h) Mechanism of hormone action.
(i) Physiology of reproduction, role of hormones and phermones.
III. Developmental Biology
(a) Differentiation from gamete to neurula stage; dedifferentiation;
metaplasia, induction, morphogenesis and morphogen; fate maps of gastrulae in
frog and chick; organogenesis of eye and heart, placenation in mammals.
(b) Role of cytoplasm in and genetic control of development; cell lineage;
causation of metamorphosis in frog and insects; paedogenesia and neoteny;
growth, degrowth and cell death; ageing; blastogenesis; regeneration;
(c) Invasiveness of placenta; in vitro fertilization; embryo transfer,
(d) Baer's law; evo-devo concept.