AP PSC PAPERS : Group -I Mains Examination Paper-IV (Science & Technology)

AP PSC PAPERS : Group -I Mains Examination Paper-IV

(Science & Technology)

Note: The question paper is in three sections. The candidate has to answer 15 questions with compulsorily 5 questions from each section. Each question carries 10 marks.

Section – I

1. (a) Briefly state the salient features of the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy, 2012 and its benefits?
(b) Write a brief note on the following:
(i) Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA)
(ii) Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
(c) Mention the main objectives of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy, 2013 of India
(d) Write a short note on the following:
(i) Post Harvest Technology (PHT)
(ii) Oilseeds Production Programme (OPP)

2. (a) Describe the MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission – Mangalyaan) programme of India? What are its distinguishing features?
(b) Write a short note on the following:-
(i) Broadband digital communication
(ii) Fixed-Satellite Services (FSS)
(c) Explain the applications of Remote Sensing technology in agriculture.
(d) Write a short note on
(i ) Mobile Satellite Services (MSS)
(ii ) Environmental monitoring

3. (a) What is cloud computing? Explain briefly about AP Cloud Initiative?
(b) Describe Fiber Grid Project of Andhra Pradesh

(c) What is ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)? Narrate the critical issues in execution of ERP Projects.
(d) Write a note on Local Area Network (LAN)

4. (a) Write a short note on Shale Gas Revolution.
(b) Narrate Nuclear Power growth in India. Add a note on Nuclear Fuel reserves in the country.
(c) Discuss the scope of renewable energy in the scenario of energy crisis?
(d) Give a detailed list of barriers to renewable energy?

5. (a) Distinguish between a Hazard and a Disaster? Narrate various types of natural disasters, the coastal seashore areas are prone to?
(b) Explain the details of Tsunami Warning System of India.

(c) Discuss the common challenges in any disaster management plan

(c) Discuss the common challenges in any disaster management plan
(d) Write the main points of the agreement reached at United Nations What was India’s stand at the confrence

Section – II

6.(a) What are Vitamins? Give a detailed classification of vitamins mentioning their functions and sources of availability?
(b) What is yeast fermentation? Explain industrial use of yeast in making different products?
(c) What is a phytohormone? Mention different groups of phytohormones with examples? Discuss the present scenario on commercial use of hormones in artificial fruit ripening?
(d) What is Lactic acid fermentation? Explain how different products can be made by fermentation of milk?

7.(a) What are essential oils? Enumerate the important uses of essential oils?  
(b) Give an account of the following : 

i) Autotrophic Vs. Heterotrophic plants
ii) Symbiosis
(c) (i) What are Lichens? Write their economic importance.
(ii)Explain how insects are useful to human beings.
(d) Write a short note on the following:
(i) Homeostatis
(ii) Animal response to Osmotic conditions of the medium

8.(a) What is plant tissue culture? Write applications of tissue culture in agriculture?
(b) What is ‘Golden Rice’? Describe its advantages?
(c) What are Bio fertilizers? Explain different types of bio fertilizers? Write advantages of bio fertilizers?
(d) What is DNA Finger Printing? Explain how it is done. Write it’s forensic applications.

9.(a) Explain different patterns of disease outbreak with examples? Differentiate between epidemic and endemic diseases?
(b) What is the cause of Chikungunya? What are it’s preventive measures and treatment? Give a comparative note on symptomology of Chikungunya and Dengue?
(c) Write a brief note on aetiology, mode of spread, symptoms, treatment and preventive measures of malarial parasite?
(d) Explain the preventive measures to be taken to avoid common infections.

10. (a) What is immunisation? Briefly write the history of development of vaccines?
(b) Write a short note on
i) Edible vaccines
ii) ELISA test
iii)Autoimmune diseases
(c) Give a detailed note on ‘Triple Vaccination’.
(d) ‘Biotechnological intervention has transformed the vaccination technology’ – Discuss.

Section – III

11. (a) Narrate the functions of State Pollution Control Board.
(b) Describe the procedure for obtaining Environmental Clearance under Environment Impact Assessment Notification, 2006.
(c) What is Environmentalism? Briefly state the problems does our planet face and suggest the solutions.
(d) List-out the projects/activities for which public consultation is not required for issue of prior Environmental Clearance.

12. (a) Classify dams based on structure and design.
(b) Write a note on Andhra Pradesh Sand Mining Policy, 2016
(c) Discuss the basis and justification required for suitability of a crop and cropping pattern.
(d) What is meant by mineral resources? How they form? Write about different types of mineral resources

13.(a) What is eco system? Explain the food chain system in eco systems?
(b) Narrate the impact of urbanisation on bio-diversity.
(c) Describe the major threats to bio-diversity. Explain different types of bio-diversities.
(d) Explain the following:
(i) National Bureau of Plant Generic Resources (NBPGR)
(ii) Wild-life sanctuaries

14.(a) Narrate various types and the characteristics of Solid Waste.
(b) Write a short note on the following:-
(i) Pyrolysis
(ii) Incineration
(c) What is Soil Pollution and how it is caused?
(d) Describe noise pollution and explain the various control and preventive measures to be taken to control noise pollution

15. (a) What is El Nino? What are the causes of El Nino? Discuss the scenario of impact of El Nino on global agriculture.
(b) Describe Impact of Ozone layer depletion on different living organisms? 
(c) Describe impact of human beings on water resources.
(d)Give a brief note on the following:
(i) Sustainable agriculture
(ii) Acid Rain

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Courtesy: AP-PSC