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UPSC Mains 2021 Public Administration Optional Categorized Analysis (Paper-1)

 UPSC Mains 2021 Public Administration Optional Categorized Analysis (Paper-1)

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-I)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours


Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 

(a)  Governance is about managing self-organizing networks." Elaborate.  (Introduction)
(b)  Two-dimensional taxonomy was used by Herbert Simon to describe the degree to which decisions are programmed or non-programmed." Explain. (Administrative Thought)
(c)   Examine the approach of public service motivation as an inducement to bring the desired level of efficiency in public service delivery. (Administrative Behaviour)
(d)  In theory, the 'civil society organizations' promote cooperation between people and public service organizations, but in practice, their activities restrict the promotion of government programmes. Analyze. (Accountability and Control)
(e)  Fayol and Taylor had different management perspectives while having similar goal of organizational efficiency. Comment. (Administrative Thought) 

Q2.(a) Behavioural approach has been questioned on the basis of its utility in the analysis of administrative problems. Discuss the weaknesses of the  approach and the shifts made therein. (Administrative Behaviour)

(b) Public administration has been viewed as a socially embedded process of collective relationship, dialogue and action. Examine the statement in light of the consensus achieved in the Third Minnowbrook Conference. (Introduction)
(c) Public-private partnership phenomenon has been transformed into a type of governance scheme or mechanism. Discuss its capacity to overcome future challenges.  (Organisations)

Q3.(a) Integration of different streams of administrative thought to propound a universal administrative theory is hindered by the impact of culture. Critically examine.(Administrative Thought)
(b) Judicial review, prevention of misuse or abuse of administrative power and provision of suitable remedies are the basic principles of administrative law. Justify as how various organs of the State are able to uphold these principles.(Administrative Law)
(c)  Regulation is an old but increasingly necessary mode of social coordination and political intervention into societal processes. Examine it in the context of globalization.(Organisations)

Q4.(a) The new public service model approaches governance on the premises of an active and involved citizenship, wherein the role of public officials is to facilitate opportunities for citizens' engagement in governance. Explain. (Introduction)
(b) Neo-Weberian State of involves changing the model of operation of administrative structures into a model focussed on meeting citizens' needs. Discuss.(Administrative Thought)
(c) Nothing in public administration is more important, interesting or mysterious than leadership. Analyze the statement in the context of strategic leadership. (Administrative Behaviour)


Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each:

(a)    The approach to the study of administration in its environmental context is especially more useful for developing countries. Comment. (Comparative Public Administration)
(b)    Gender equality and women's rights have laid down a strong foundation of development. Elaborate. (Development Dynamics)
(c)    Performance appraisal needs to be seen beyond the mere suitability of the official for vertical promotion. Explain. (Personnel Administration)
(d)    It is widely agreed that the government ought to provide the goods that market fails to provide or does not provide efficiently. Argue.(Development Dynamics)
(e)    MIS has evolved and gone far beyond its traditional advantages due to technological advancements. Comment. (Techniques of Administrative Improvement)

Q6.(a) Emphasis on cost control and reducing public expenditure has diverted the focus of government budgets from the basic objectives of reallocation of resources, bringing economic stability and promoting social equity. Examine. (Financial Administration)
(b) In modern context, Riggsian terms have not altogether disappeared, but have emerged in different forms with newer meanings. Discuss. (Comparative Public Administration)
(c) A striking feature of economic development is an apparent symbiotic  evolution of strong States and strong market economies. Analyze. ( Development Dynamics)

Q7.(a) Policy problems are increasingly tending towards being wicked. Discuss the capacity and preparedness of the State to tackle such problems.(Public Policy)
(b) Zero-based budgeting was intended to get away from incrementalism, but ended up being the most incremental of any budgetary approach. Discuss. (Financial Administration)
(c) ICT has immense potential to transform governance and empower citizens. Examine.(Techniques of Administrative Improvement)

Q8.(a) The successful attainment of SDGs objectives largely depends upon the wisdom, experience and farsightedness of the actors involved and their willingness to cooperate in the implementation process. Analyze. (Development Dynamics)
(b) Groups work to elevate issues on the policy agenda or seek to deny other groups the opportunity to place issues. In this background, discuss the role of interest groups in agenda setting in the developing countries.  (Accountability and Control)
(c) Civil servants generally tend to exhibit the values and ethical framework of the political executives under whom they function. Explain.(Personnel Administration)


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Public Administration for UPSC Mains Exams Study Notes

(Success Story) UPSC 2021 TOPPER, AIR-1 Shruti Sharma’s Winning Strategy for Cracking IAS Exams

(Success Story) UPSC 2021 TOPPER, AIR-1 Shruti Sharma’s Winning Strategy for Cracking IAS Exams

Shruti Sharma, a resident of Bijanor, Uttar Pradesh, has secured the coveted all-India rank 1 in UPSC Civil Services Examination 2021. She is a former alumnus of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Vidyalaya, Delhi. She has graduated in History with honours from St. Stephen’s College, further pursuing a post-graduation in Modern History from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). In the meantime, she enrolled intro Jamia Millia Islamia’s residential UPSC Preparation Coaching Academy and that is where she did her UPSC preparation from. She had been preparing for this examination for 4 years. However, this was her 2nd attempt at the exam.

AIR-1 Shruti Sharma’s Strategy To Clear UPSC CSE

Due to a mix-up in her last attempt, Shruti had to write her mains examination in Hindi. In that attempt, which was also her first, she missed her interview call by one mark. Although disheartened, she kept calm, knowing that her 4-year long strategy will bear fruit, she followed her own rules and made it this far.

Rule 1 – Start from the Basics

Shruti took her time with the NCERT Books. She diligently completed the NCERTs and only then did she leap into the standard study material. The reasoning behind this is simple. NCERTs help you build a thorough understanding of each subject. This not only helps one grasp the vast knowledge one has to learn as a part of the UPSC syllabus, analyse problems better, but also write better answers.

Rule 2 – Newspapers aren’t Optional

As much as the coaching institutes will have you believe that their Current Affairs compilations are enough to push you through the UPSC examination, Shruti is a firm believer that newspapers are essential and you just cannot skip them. Shruti religiously followed newspapers and made her own notes. It helped her give her preparation that extra edge.

Rule 3 – Patience and Consistency Wins the Race

Cracking UPSC is a marathon, not a 100-metres race. Patience is paramount to your success. Keep calm and keep putting in your 100%. Do not concentrate on how many hours you are putting in daily. Instead, concentrate on the quality of your learning. Build up your knowledge brick by brick and in the end, you’ll have everything you need.

Patience wins

Rule 4 – Previous Year Questions are your Bible

Start your preparation by analysing Previous Years’ Questions. Understanding what UPSC asks of you is a prerequisite to starting your journey. There are areas of the syllabus that is given more weightage by UPSC in each subject. There is also a need to approach each topic in a certain way. Going through the previous years’ questions will allow you to grasp that.

Rule 5 -  Draw your Own Path

This is the most important bit. Create your own strategy. What worked for Shruti may not work for you. Everyone has their own set of strengths and weaknesses. Use them to chart your own personal path to success. 

Keep your head down, surround yourself with supportive people, and never give up. 

Shruti wishes you all the best!



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(Download) MPPSC : State Service Preliminary Exam Paper-1 2022

(Download) MPPSC : State Service Preliminary Exam Paper -I 2022

Exam Name : MPPSC Pre Exam Paper 2022

Paper : General Studies – Paper 1 (First Shift)

Exam Date : 19/06/2022

Exam Time : 10 AM to 12 PM 

List -I
List – II
a. Betwa I. Chambal
b. Kshipra II. Yamuna
c. Vainganga III. Narmada
d. Tawa IV. Godavari

. a b c d

Answer – (B)

2. Which one of the following sentence is not correct regarding the climate of Madhya Pradesh ?
(A) Climate of Madhya Pradesh is influenced by the tropic of cancer that in middle of the state.
(B) Gwalior is an example of sub-tropical climate with hot summer.
(C) Madhya Pradesh receive rainfall from Arabian Sea branch and Bay of Bengal branch both.
(D) Approximate 50 percent rainfall of the state by south-west Monsoon.

Answer (D)

3. In which district of Madhya Pradesh, the tropic of cancer does not passes through?
(A) Vidisha
(B) Bhopal
(C) Ujjain
(D) Indore

Answer (D)

4. Which of the following rock contains coal and petroleum?
(A) Granite
(B) Igneous
(C) Metamorphic
(D) Sedimentary

Answer (D)

5. In which region of Madhya Pradesh, the black soils are not found?
(A) Malwa Plateau
(B) Narmada Valley
(C) Baghelkhand
(D) Satpura range

Answer (C)

6. Corbett Tiger Reserve is located in which Indian State?
(A) Rajasthan
(B) Madhya Pradesh
(C) Uttarakhand
(D) West Bengal

Answer (C)

7. When World Health Organization (WHO) was established ?
(A) 5 May, 1951
(B) 10 June, 1950
(C) 7 April 1948
(D) 10 July, 1949

Answer (C)

8. What is the full name of ISRO?
(A) International Space Research Organisation
(B) Indian Society Research Organisation
(C) Iranian Space Research Organisation
(D) Indian Space Research Organisation

Answer (D)

9. Which Indian State has recently radio tagged an Indian Pangolin on the occasion of World Pangolin Day?
(A) Kerala
(B) Madhya Pradesh
(C) Uttarakhand
(D) Bihar

Answer (B)

10. Phosphate test is used for the analysis of ?
(A) Milk
(B) Tea
(C) Water
(D) All of the above

Answer (D)

11. Where is Sargasso Sea situated?
(A) North Atlantic Ocean
(B) South Atlantic Ocean
(C) Indian Ocean
(D) North Pacific Ocean

Answer (A)

12. Which one of the following waterways has more economic and strategic significance?
(A) Palk Strait
(B) Malacca Strait
(C) Suez Canal
(D) Panama Canal

Answer (C)

13. Among the following, which one is not a young folded mountain?
(A) Sierra Nevada
(B) Rocky
(C) Himalaya
(D) Alps

Answer (A)

14. Which of the two countries is divided by ‘McMohan Line’?
(A) India and China
(B) China and Afghanistan
(C) Pakistan and India
(D) Pakistan and Afghanistan

Answer (A)

15. ‘Truck farming’ is associated with _______ ?
(A) Vegetables
(B) Milk
(C) Cereals
(D) Poultry

Printed Study Material for MPPSC

(Result) Indian Forest Service Examination (Pre), 2022

(Result) Indian Forest Service Examination (Pre), 2022


On the basis of screening test held through Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2022 on 5th June, 2022, the candidates with the following Roll Numbers have qualified for admission to the Indian Forest Service (Main) Examination, 2022.

The candidature of these candidates is provisional. In accordance with the Rules of the Examination, all these candidates have to apply again in the Detailed Application Form-I (DAF-I). for IFoS (Main) Examination, 2022. The dates and important instructions for filling up of the DAF-I and its submission will be announced in due course on the website of the Commission. 

Candidates are also informed that marks, cut off marks and answer keys of screening test held through CS (P) Examination, 2022 for IFoS (Main) Examination will be uploaded on the Commission’s website i.e. only after the entire process of the Indian Forest Service Examination,2022 is over i.e. after the declaration of final result.  

Click Here for official Result

Study Kit for Indian Forest Service (IFoS) Exam (GS Prelims)


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