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(Getting Started) Public Administration Strategy by Topper Nidhin K Biju (AIR-89)



(Getting Started) Public Administration Strategy by Topper Nidhin K Biju (AIR-89)



Nidhin K Biju is a Delhi native who cleared the UPSC Civil Services 2019 examination with an all India rank of 89. He is trained in Electronics and Communication Engineering and this was his 3rd attempt. Although there was immense pressure on him to clear the exam at the very first attempt, with time he learned to treat this exam as the marathon that it is and not a 100m race. His choice of optional was public administration and he has scored an impressive 274 in his optional papers combined. Here we share with you his strategy for Pub Ad Optional.

Why Choose Public Administration As Your Optional?

As always, the very first criteria for choosing an option should be your interest in the subject. A lot of the aspirants pursue civil services with administrative service in mind, so many may find Public Administration a suitable subject. Other than this, there are a few more perks of choosing it as your optional –

  • Public Administration is dynamic and a lot of the information one can consume from their day-to-day current affairs studies.
  • There is plenty of interlinking with General Studies, especially paper-II and it helps in combined preparation.
  • It has a crisp and short syllabus allowing one to complete the whole syllabus in 3 to 4 months.
  • Again, it is an extremely relevant subject for any administrator.

Online Course for Public Administration for IAS Mains

Study Notes & Books

Paper-I

  1. New Horizons Of Public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya
  2. Administrative Thinkers by Prasad and Prasad
  3. Public Administration Online Blogs and Articles

This is the theoretical part of the optional. 

Paper-II

  1. Public Administration by Radhabinod Aribam
  2. Indian Public Administration by Arora and Goyal

UPSC Public Administration Study Notes (100% Syllabus Covered)

Common Important Sources

  1. 2nd ARC Reports

    1. Public Order – 5th Report
    2. Local Government – 6th Report
    3. Personnel Administration – 10th Report
    4. Promoting e-Governance – 11th Report
    5. Citizen-Centric Administration – 12th Report
    6. Financial Management – 14th Report
    7. State And District Administration – 15th Report
  2. Sarkaria Commission Report Summary
  3. Punchhi Commission Report Summary

How To Read And Make Notes

One important tip Nidhin starts with is you DO NOT SKIP Mohit Bhattacharya. Yes, the language is difficult and it takes time to navigate through the book, but it is the bible of Public Administration and well worth the effort. Next comes Prasad and Prasad which lists 20 thinkers, Pick a thinker a day, do not pressurize yourself, and you will still complete it within 20 days. Make short notes on the second read for both books. Concentrate on just familiarizing and understanding in the first iteration. Revision is key; revise as many times as feasible.

Increase Your Score With These Simple Tips

Use diagrams and flowcharts to enhance answers

Test Series for Public Administration Optional

A lot of aspirants choose Public Administration as their optional. It is easy to get lost in the crowd. To ensure that you score better than average and thus better your chances at selection, follow these simple tips –

  • Interlink Papers I and II wherever possible. This displays a depth of understanding and capability to logically analyze events.
  • Quote thinkers and use their theories and keywords in those theories wherever possible.
  • Try to use current affairs based examples wherever you get the chance to.

Hopefully, with the right number of revisions and the right amount of practice, you will now clear your exam with your optional marks pushing you towards your goals. 

Best of luck!

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(Article) TIPS & STRATEGY FOR UPSC Aspirants TO STAY MOTIVATED DURING COVID-19 SCENARIO



(Article) TIPS & STRATEGY FOR UPSC Aspirants TO STAY MOTIVATED DURING COVID-19 SCENARIO



In this devastating situation of COVID-19, professionals, service persons, political entities, economic stakeholders & the whole ecosystem are badly affected. All the students in school, colleges, or preparing for any competitive exams are no exception to it. It is a tough time especially for the aspirants who are preparing for UPSC Civil Services. Some of you might have left your lucrative job to opt for civil services preparation.

In this tough scenario, we are presenting you with some upsc tips & strategies to get going strongly for civil services preparation.

Most of the people are working in remote mode, feeling a little extra-challenged in engaging with civil services preparation. All the civil aspirants may find it difficult with increased stress outbursts.

While it’s a challenge for the aspirant, there are certain steps you can take to feel more motivated to engage in your preparation.

Consider the questions below & think how would you answer? 

  • What plans can I design for myself to boost my motivation?
  • How I can make engaging or interesting my preparation?
  • How my preparation benefit me down the road in near future?
  • How do I get myself to study even when I’m not in the mood?
  • Do I know about anything that hinders my motivation and what can be done to help?
  • What am I doing to keep myself energized & healthy and take care of my well-being?
  • Are the precautions that I’m taking to save with COVID19 is enough?
  • How am I managing, planning, or implementing my study routine?

And finally… 

  • What new practices do I need to start to help myself feel engaged and motivated?

Every aspirant may answer these questions based on his/her situation. You will be the best judge to judge your situation.

Now we will discuss what can be an ideal way out while responding to the above questions. These points will surely give an answer & strategy for all the above questions.

Optimistic about COVID 19:

  • Although COVID-19 has almost all the negative things, the aspirant must be an optimistic person to think best out of the waste.
  • This situation has given enough time for all the aspirants to study in detail. Since there are no exams & neither expected to be held in a few months. This has given you a lot of time to study in detail.
  • It is one of the best times to study especially for a person doing self-study. Since with the approaching date of exams, we mostly focus on important things leaving the less important topic.
  • It is the best time to go & refresh your basics by studying NCERT Books.
  • Make multiple revisions of all the upsc test papers & study notes. Make sure to revise all important topics by 10-12 times. A maximum revision of the same things makes you confidant & helps in the elimination method to be used in upsc preliminary exams.
  • For people whose optional subject is not ready due to lack of time, may prepare their optional subject. This is more beneficial for those whose syllabus is matching with the upsc preliminary exam syllabus.
  • Ethics, GS preparations, essay & language test for upsc mains can be prepared. This will give you an extra edge over other participants. Since the time gap between the pre & mains is very less as compared to the demanding syllabus.
  • COVID-19 has given you sufficient time to prepare leaving other disturbances like outings, partying, social gathering. So use this time wisely.

Plan your study : 

  • Start your day with a your schedule.
  • Break down your study plan into small, manageable tasks.
  • Make quarterly, monthly study plans & divide it into weekly & daily plans. 
  • Give yourself rewards for the tasks completed like completing your weekly or monthly targets.
  • Balance your studies with leisure time also.

Conscious about Health :

  • It is more than mandatory to keep yourself away from this COVID19 disease by adhering to all the precautionary guidelines.
  • A healthy person will always get an extra edge over a diseased person.
  • Exercise regularly & pay attention to sleep.
  • Eat healthy & immune-building foods.
  • Make just use of digital media & stay connected with your dear ones with a limited or nil connectivity to unnecessary peoples.

Think about the daily routine :

  • Taking breaks
  • Exercising
  • Eating right
  • Staying on a regular sleep schedule
  • Staying connected with dear ones.
  • Reaching out for help when you need it most.

Stay motivated :

  • Think about the reason you choose to become a civil servant, your ambition, future plans associated with that.
  • Think about the result declaration day when you will find your name in the selected list.
  • Think about the cherished faces of your family & dear ones.
  • If possible see motivation videos or read IAS Toppers success stories daily for 10-15 mins to have a daily dose of motivation.

You will be able to find & relate most of the answers to the above questions. Think positive & convert this dark COVID period into your GOLDEN period to write a new history.

Happy Studies!

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(Article) OLD NCERTs BOOKS: WAYS TO PREPARE FOR UPSC CIVIL SERVICES Exams



(Article) OLD NCERTs BOOKS: WAYS TO PREPARE FOR UPSC CIVIL SERVICES Exams



In this article, we will discuss the importance of NCERT books (especially the Old NCERT’s books), list of most important books, pros & cons about the old & new NCERTs as well.

If you are a serious aspirant for civil services, starting from scratch will be one of the best policies to be successful. For achieving your dream, the foundation started by studying school level old NCERTs books of humanities stream from standard 6th to 12th. 

Old NCERTs widely used in the 1990s & 2000s prior to the current edition. 

Benefits of Old NCERTs books: 

  • Class 6th to 12th all sections of 
  • These books are written for school students in easy language, which is very easy to understand.
  • All concepts regarding most of the topics will be easily understandable, which will pave the foundation for studying further in-depth studies of higher-level specialized books.
  • Many of the questions in almost every Govt exam are asked directly from the NCERT books.
  • NCERTs are the authentic source by Government itself. 
  • This easy language concept-based study will also help you to write your upsc mains exam. Since you will be able to express your topic to your examiner in an expressive way
  • At least one round of complete detailed studies of all the subjects required to prepare your ias exam foundation. Also, important points can be highlighted for quick revision.
  • Science can be studied in a selective way as per the upsc syllabus.

Get Old and New NCERT Study Notes

Old Vs New NCERTs: 

  • Old NCERTs are written in a direct manner & have factual data. Facts & concepts can be remembered easily. While, the new NCERTs are in a subjective manner, more focussed on thoughts, beliefs & cultures, which eventually help to evolve your thinking process.
  • Old NCERTs can be finished in less time, while new NCERT can take more time, it all depends on individual interest, reading & conceptualizing process.
  • Old NCERTs are more of to the point of factual information with less focus on diagrams compared to the new one.
  • Old NCERTs are very rich in its content, facts can be remembered easily. New NCERTs are in a narrative way, which sometimes lacks content & appeared less interesting. 
  • In all the exams, especially UPSC exams quality & content matters & not the source of studies.

Click Here to Download New NCERT Books PDF

Click Here to Download OLD NCERT Books PDF

How to read NCERTs:

  • Underline whatever you feel important at the very first reading or if you have sufficient time, just go through the complete subject at once & then underline in the second reading.
  • Memorize the underlined points in subsequent readings.
  • Make sure to revise the underlined data or you can club those underlined data in a single note & keep away the original books aside.
  • Just revise multiple times through your notes or the highlighted points through your books.
  • Try to study in such a fashion, so that NCERTs note can be revised in 8-10 hours of studies.

How to Get Old NCERTs: 

Most of the old ncert books are not published nowadays by NCERT. However, old books are available in students markets in Delhi and govt libraries. We have create created Old and New NCERT Notes which you can use for quick  reference.

Important ways to Study Old NCERT Books: 

  • History: Refer all the old NCERTs books from class 6th to 12th with more focus on class 9th & above for deep studies.
  • Geography: The geography section should be read since beginning to understand technical languages, words & concepts with more focus on agriculture & environment.
  • Political Science: This subject is explained at a very basic level, but you should read it to understand the concept, thinking & implementation process of the Government.
  • Economics: Economics is explained in class 9th & onward classes with the finest examples. This study will help you to grasp economic & later on helps to understand the current affairs topic at large. 

What after NCERTs books?

After studying NCERTs, students should opt for deep studies with standard books and study notes of reputed organisations, solve previous year upsc test papers, etc. along with multiple revision.

Best of Luck!

Happy Studies!

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(Getting Started) Psychology Optional Strategy by UPSC Topper Ravi Jain (AIR-9)



(Getting Started) Psychology Optional Strategy by UPSC Topper Ravi Jain (AIR-9)



AIR-9 Ravi Jain, UPSC 2019

Ravi Jain is a Jharkhand native and a serving Assistant Commissioner of State Tax who qualified for UPSC Civil Services in 2019 with the incredible all India rank of 9. He is an engineer with a B. Tech degree in Instrumentation & Control from Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology. Post-graduation he had worked with a private firm for 3 years. He had previously cleared Bihar Public Service Commission and Staff Selection Commission exams. 

Things To Consider Before Taking Up Psychology Optional

Before taking up Psychology as your optional, these are the aspects Ravi advises you to consider –

Pros

Cons

Interesting subject

Very lengthy syllabus

Utilitarian in approach

Integrated reading material is hard to come by

Provides some background for Essay and Ethics paper

Traditionally low scoring

Sources And Strategy

Start with the basic NCERT books and Ravi highly recommends watching the Crash Course Psychology Series on Youtube . He then recommends moving on to the books by Robert Barron, Morgan and King, and Saundra K. Ciccarelli for Paper-I. Making notes as per the topics mentioned in the syllabus is very important as it helps you consolidate all information at the same place and helps in quick revision later. Keep in mind these are the notes you will be revising in the 5 days between your GS and Optional paper. You need them to be short and crisp and all-encompassing.

For paper-II, Smarak Swain can be used as the primary source. Using flowcharts and diagrams can improve your scores. Think and keep a stock of a few you can use. Do not try to think it up during the exam itself. Ravi had enrolled in Pathak Sir’s coaching. He recommends accessing the coaching notes from his classes either online in PDF form or photocopies from the markets in Delhi.

Must-read books for psychology optional

Answer Writing Tips

Keep the following in mind when writing your Psychology optional answers –

  • Use your own words and keep the language simplistic and fluid.
  • Divide answer into subsections as per the demand of the question.
  • Briefly introduce the concepts mentioned in the form of keywords in the question.
  • When defining any term, use the standard definition widely accepted, along with the name of the significant psychologist.
  • Simple self-explanatory examples will help you earn brownie points with the examiner.
  • Quoting research work by relevant psychologists lend an extra edge to your answers.
  • Explore different dimensions such as interlinking of concepts and comparisons.
  • Do not restrict yourself by the paper you are writing. Interlinking terms and concepts across papers present to the examiner a degree of expertise that fetch you higher scores.
  • Incorporate flowcharts and diagrams wherever possible to break away from the monotony of words as well as express yourself better.
  • Writing in points than paragraphs usually give the illusion of cleaner answers with more facts.
  • Ensure your conclusion leaves the reader wanting more and hopeful for the future.

Message To Aspirants

UPSC has a lot of information and areas to be covered so utilize your time judiciously. Choose the optional that is the best fit for you instead of trying to find quick solutions. 

Take a break now and then, seek out friends and family, keep your spirits up. It’s a long journey up ahead.  

Best of Luck.

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(Getting Started) Anthropology Optional Strategy by UPSC Topper Geetanjali Sharma (AIR-32)



(Getting Started) Anthropology Optional Strategy by UPSC Topper Geetanjali Sharma (AIR-32)



Geetanjali Sharma secured the coveted all India rank of 32 in her 3rd attempt in UPSC Civil Services 2019. In her first attempt in 2016, she was unable to clear the upsc prelims stage and in 2018, despite reaching the interviews phase, she failed to make it to the final list. She is a graduate of the Hindu College, Delhi in Zoology. In 2016 she took up Zoology as her optional. However, in 2018, she researched more and finally decided that Anthropology was her best bet. Here, we share her strategy on how to prepare for Anthropology as an optional for UPSC Civil Services.

Why Anthropology?

For anyone looking at Anthropology as your optional choice, remember it is one of the easiest optionals to gather resources for. Whether you look at online resources, or offline, or even books and toppers’ strategies, Anthropology will not fail you. However, the most important factor in choosing an optional should always be your interest in it because you end up having to go through the whole syllabus 6 to 7 times, and without sustained interests that is impossible to do.

Detailed Booklist And Sources for Anthropology

This is Geetanjali’s entire list of sources –

Physical Anthropology (Paper 1)

Title 

Primary source 

Additional sources 

Human evolution and emergence of man 

Internet 

P. Nath, Braintree 

Characteristics of primates 

Internet 

P. Nath, Braintree 

Phylogenetic status, characteristics, and geographical distribution of hominins 

Internet 

P. Nath 

The biological basis of life 

Khan Academy videos 

Biology NCERT class 11th/12th 

Human genetics 

P. Nath 

Internet, IGNOU pdfs 

Mendelian genetics in man-family study etc 

P. Nath 

Internet, IGNOU pdf 

Concept of genetic polymorphism etc 

P. Nath 

Internet, IGNOU pdfs 

Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man 

P. Nath 

Internet, IGNOU pdfs 

Race and Racism 

IGNOU Notes pdf 

P. Nath, Internet 

Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker 

Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology 

IGNOU Notes pdf 

Kerala SCERT, P. Nath, Internet 

Epidemiological Anthropology 

Internet 

 

Concept of human growth and development 

P. Nath 

Internet, IGNOU pdf 

The relevance of menarche, menopause, etc 

IGNOU pdf 

Internet 

Applications of anthropology 

IGNOU Notes pdf 

P. Nath, Kerala SCERT 

P. Nath is one of the most popular books for UPSC Physical Anthropology

Socio-Cultural Anthropology (Paper 1)

Title 

Primary Source 

Additional Sources 

Meaning, scope, and development of Anthropology 

IGNOU pdf 

 

Relationship with other disciplines 

Braintree 

 

Main branches of anthropology and relevance 

IGNOU pdf 

 

Nature of culture 

Muniratnam notes 

Braintree, Internet 

Nature of society 

Sociology IGNOU pdf 

Sociology NCERT 

Marriage 

Muniratnam notes 

IGNOU pdf, Kerala SCERT 

Family 

Muniratnam notes 

IGNOU pdf, Kerala SCERT 

Kinship 

Muniratnam notes 

IGNOU pdf, Kerala SCERT 

Economic Organisation 

Muniratnam notes 

IGNOU pdf, Kerala SCERT 

Political organization and social control 

Muniratnam notes 

IGNOU pdf (also Sociology pdfs) 

Religion 

Muniratnam notes 

IGNOU pdf, Internet, Kerala SCERT 

Anthropological theories 

Internet and IGNOU pdfs 

Himanshu Jain notes on theories 

Culture, Language, and Communication 

Ember and Ember 

Internet 

Research methods in Anthropology 

IGNOU pdf 

Kerala SCERT 

Archaeological Anthropology (Paper 1 and Paper 2)

Title 

Primary Source 

Additional Sources 

Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology 

IGNOU pdf 

Internet 

Cultural Evolution 

IGNOU pdf 

Internet, Muniratnam Notes 

Evolution of Indian Culture and Civilization 

Muniratnam Notes 

Sachin Gupta sir notes, IGNOU pdf, Internet 

Palaeo Anthropological pieces of evidence from India 

IGNOU pdf 

Internet 

Ethno-archaeology in India 

Internet 

Topper test copies for more examples 

This is the topic that intrigued Geetanjali Enough To Pick Up Anthropology Optional

Indian Anthropology (Paper 2)

Title 

Primary Source 

Additional Sources 

Demographic profile of Inida 

Nadeem Hasnain 

Braintree, IGNOU pdf 

Structure and nature of traditional Indian social system 

Braintree 

Muniratnam notes 

Caste System in India 

IGNOU pdf 

Muniratnam notes, Braintree, IGNOU Sociology pdfs, Internet, Topper answer copies, Nadeem Hasnain 

Sacred Complex and Nature-Man-Spirit complex 

IGNOU pdf 

Internet, Muniratnam notes, Nadeem Hasnain 

Impact of Buddhism etc on Indian society 

Muniratnam notes 

Nadeem Hasnain 

Emergence, growth, and development in India 

IGNOU pdf 

Kerala SCERT, Various pdfs 

Indian Village 

IGNOU pdf 

Internet 

Linguistic and religious minorities and their status 

Internet 

 

Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society 

IGNOU pdf 

Nadeem Hasnain, Internet 

 

Tribal Anthropology (Paper 2)

Title 

Primary Source 

Additional Sources 

The tribal situation in India 

IGNOU pdf 

Nadeem Hasnain, Xaxa Committee report 

Problems of tribal communities 

Xaxa Committee report 

Nadeem Hasnain, IGNOU pdf, Internet 

Developmental projects and their impact 

Xaxa Committee report 

Nadeem Hasnain, IGNOU pdf, Internet 

Problems of exploitation and deprivation 

Xaxa Committee report 

Nadeem Hasnain, IGNOU pdf, Internet 

Social change and contemporary tribal societies 

Xaxa Committee report 

Nadeem Hasnain, IGNOU pdf, Internet 

Concept of Ethnicity 

IGNOU sociology pdfs 

Various pdfs (google drive link) 

Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, etc on tribal societies 

Nadeem Hasnain 

Internet 

Tribe and nation-state 

IGNOU pdf 

 

History of administration of tribal areas 

Xaxa Committee report 

Internet 

Concept of PVTGs 

Xaxa Committee report 

Internet 

Role of NGOs in tribal development 

Internet 

 

Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development 

Contributions of anthropology to understanding regionalism etc 

IGNOU pdf on ethnicity and ethnic movements 

Internet, Xaxa committee 

Geetanjali also has her internet sources such as PDFs and documents, etc. uploaded at this drive location

Advice To UPSC Aspirants

A good way to keep your revision on schedule

Start with checking out topper strategies and sources. Once you know what to cover, break it down into daily and weekly goals. Revision is key. Try to recall everything you have read about a topic immediately after finishing it. Set one day every 2 weeks to revise what all you have covered till then. Practice previous years’ questions and you should be able to pull off the seemingly impossible task of adding your name to the final list of successful aspirants. 

Best of luck.

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Public Administration Mains 2020 : Solved Paper-2 (Question: 1)

Public Administration Mains 2020 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-1)

Section A

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours
     

Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each :

(a)  Mughal administration incorporated a combination of Indian and extra-Indian elements. Discuss. (Paid)

ANSWER: ONLY FOR COURSE MEMBERS

(b)  There is a constant and continuous collision between bureaucratic values and democratic values which adversely affects development. Do you agree? Elaborate. (Free)

In most western Countries bureaucracy and democracy developed almost simultaneously. Thus the role of bureaucracy in a democracy is problematic because this is precisely one of the areas in which the democratic rules of the game are ill-defined, ambiguous, self-contradictory and controversial. The popular identification of bureaucracy with oppression cannot be taken lightly, since the extension of governmental functions has frequently curbed and sometimes obliterated the freedom of the individual. Yet, there is also much evidence to show that it has furthered the cause of freedom. Different scholars have approached the problem of overpowering bureaucracy’s threat to democracy in different ways. Some safeguards have already been referred to while discussing bureaucracy vis-a-vis democracy in developing societies. Some other scholars suggest ‘representative bureaucracy’ or ‘balanced bureaucracy’ or participatory bureaucracy’ as desirable structures to safeguard democracy.

(c)  Parliamentary committees are at the deliberative core of parliamentary work which is crucial for resining legislations. Elucidate.

ANSWER: ONLY FOR COURSE MEMBERS

(d)  Considering India's diversity, the planning pattern of 'one-size-fits-all' was discarded in favour of indicative planning. To what extent has it been useful to India?

ANSWER: ONLY FOR COURSE MEMBERS

(e)  Even if all the States combine together, they cannot have their way decision-making in the GST Council, unless the Union agrees to it. Analyse this from the perspective of federalism in India.

ANSWER: ONLY FOR COURSE MEMBERS

Online Course for Public Administration for IAS Mains

Study Notes for Public Administration Optional Mains - 100% Syllabus Covered

Test Series for Public Administration Optional

Current Public Administration Magazine (MARCH 2021)


Sample Material of Current Public Administration Magazine


1. Accountability and Responsibility

  • Homes, classrooms should be realms of gender-sensitive conditioning

As women, we may have a fascination for pink and orange over blue. After years of working in the social development sector, we reflected upon how and why we developed a liking for these colours and not so much for the other. We asked young men around, and heard back, ―because that is how it is — boys prefer blue and girls prefer pink‖. That was not convincing enough.

CLICK HERE FOR FULL ARTICLE (Only for Course Members)

2. Indian Government and Politics

  • Education for civic reconstruction

Avijit Pathak, Professor of Sociology at JNU, in a recent article (‗Where the student is without fear‘, IE,February 27) laments the suppression of the spirit of critical thinking, questioning and disagreeing, in our classrooms at all levels, especially in institutions of higher learning.

Conformity, caution, and above all, fear, hang heavy like dark clouds over these centres of learning, which should ideally train young minds to think, understand, and actively work towards building a better society. This is the vision that inspired many great thinkers like Rabindranath Tagore and J C Bose, the poet and the scientist, to create institutions of higher learning where nationalism and nation-building rested on the foundations of creative ideas and experiments, in the service of all humanity, where the mind was without fear. The raison d‘être of education is to enrich and inspire young minds towards higher goals, encompassing all knowledge, whether traditional or modern, or beyond regional and national boundaries. 

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3. Social Administration

  • Development with Beloning

Owing to the COVID-19 pandemic and the general global slowdown, unemployment has become a major concern worldwide. The state of Haryana, too, has been unable to escape the wrath of this economic crisis. However, as the world‘s economies struggle to bounce back, Haryana has been taking steady strides towards change and development.

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4. Current Topic

  • The chilling effect of new IT rules

Online video streaming platforms have marked a new dawn for the Indian entertainment industry, providing choices beyond soap operas and formulaic storylines characteristic of traditional mediums like cinema and television that were designed for more public and family-oriented forms of consumption. However, the spectre of government regulation and criminalisation haunts this fledgling industry which has been fighting off attacks to its creative freedom on multiple fronts. While most recent conversation has focused on the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 notified by the central government on February 25, busybodies have been trying to censor online video streaming platforms by petitioning the courts for a long time 

CLICK HERE FOR FULL ARTICLE (Only for Course Members)

5. Financial Administration

  • The police is deservedly proud of its work during Covid

When the lockdown was announced in March last year to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus, the police were required to implement the directions of the government. While we are mentally trained to deal with any emergency, the pandemic was a different ball game for the police, primarily a law enforcement agency. It had to enforce lockdown restrictions, social distancing norms, the wearing of masks, and provide succour to those in need. 

CLICK HERE FOR FULL ARTICLE (Only for Course Members)

For Full Magazine Click here  (Paid Members Zone)

Study Materials For Public Administration

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Current Public Administration Magazine (FEBRUARY 2021)


Sample Material of Current Public Administration Magazine


1. Accountability and Responsibility

  • Why Opposition must not only oppose

For anyone who cares about Indian democracy, the most important priority right now should be to restore political contestation for the power of the Indian state. Ultimately, what matters for the preservation of democracy is the distribution of power among competing factions — not the ideological or moral purity of the stakeholders. It is this political contestation that provides the context, backing and pressure for institutions of democracy to function as a countervailing power to the executive and thus allow multiple voices and narratives to coexist. It‘s not that the constitutional framework and moral rectitude are irrelevant, but institutions of democracy work only when political power is factionalised; else they are captured, overruled, bypassed or undermined. 

CLICK HERE FOR FULL ARTICLE (Only for Course Members)

2. Indian Government and Politics

  • Across the aisle: Coalitions are collaborations

There was a time when an idea or an ideology was a strong bond that brought together people from different states, speaking different languages, professing different faiths, born in different castes and belonging to different economic classes of society. Political parties were founded on the basis of an idea or an ideology. The foremost example in India is the Indian National Congress started in 1885.

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3. Social Administration

  • Gender Crisis

The COVID-19 pandemic‘s role in amplifying gender inequality has exacerbated one of the toughest challenges to the India story. Women are being pushed out of the workforce at an alarming rate, as several economic surveys and a special series of reports in this newspaper have highlighted. Women‘s labour participation rate in India was worryingly low to start with. But the economic blow of the pandemic has fallen disproportionately hard on women, with the female labour participation rate falling from around 11 per cent between mid-2018 and early 2020 to 9 per cent, according to data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). By November 2020, 49 per cent of total job losses were of women, who were already present in fewer numbers in the workforce. Again, while India was an outlier in the distressingly low levels of female urban workforce participation, the devastation of service sectors and the textile industry, which tend to employ more women, has battered urban women incomes. 

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4. Current Topic

  • Lateral Entry: A challenging administrative reform

The lack of administrative reform in India has frustrated many stakeholders for a long time. Occasionally, it finds a voice at the highest levels, most recently when, during a speech in Parliament, Prime Minister Modi complained about the overreach of the elite IAS cadre. Unsurprisingly, one of the key focus areas of such reform is enabling lateral entry into an otherwise ―permanent‖ system of administrators. But the success of lateral entry hinges entirely on how it is designed. 

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5. Indian Administration

  • The Election Commission of India was built on public trust

On March 15, the Citizens‘ Commission on Elections (CCE), chaired by retired Supreme Court judge Madan B Lokur, which examines critical aspects of conducting elections, released the second part of its report. Titled ―An Inquiry into India‘s Election System,‖ the report evaluated the integrity and inclusiveness of the electoral rolls, increasing criminalisation, the use of financial power to create an economic oligarchy, compliance with the model code of conduct, the role of media, particularly social media and the overall electoral process. 

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Secrets of UPSC Exam Success

Secrets of UPSC Exam Success

1. Planned studies, hard work and inner motivation are the keys to success.
2. Strong willpower and faith in God are keys to success.
3. Hard work, focused approach and faith in God are stepping-stones to success.
4. Hard work, good planning and positive approach.
5. Dedication, time management and hard work are secrets of success.
6. Self-confidence, planning and systematic study are stepping-stones to success.
7. Motivation and confidence are the keys to success.
8. Determination, positive attitude - key to success.
9. Patience, selection of optionals, hard work and good luck.

HARD WORK:

Remember that there is no substitute to hard work. No one will come and help you. You have to finish the entire course by yourself. Civil Service competition is like a marathon race. For that any competitive examination/even this whole world is a competitive world. The aspirants of civil services are well educated and more than 50 per cent of the candidates are serious ones. One, who has the confidence that he can compete in this examination and succeed, only will appear. UPSC statistics also reveals that around 50% of the total applicants only appear in the Preliminary exam.

Among the 50 per cent of the serious candidates, more than 20 per cent are hard workers, i.e. more than 50, 000 candidates are competing, who are really hard working. There are hardly 400 posts in all. So, to make it to the 400, one has to be really put in real hard work, good writing skills, unique style all put together. It is not a university examination. One who puts in extra hard work, practice, and unique presentation only will succeed i.e. be among the top 400. So all successful candidates say the hard work one of the first pre-requisites for the success.

There is no short cut to success and hard work never goes unrewarded. There are many ups and downs during the course of preparation. It is the "downs" which need to be tackled more vigorously and skillfully - more so at the emotional and psychological level. Remember these lines - "what you build for years, may be broken down in a single moment - build anyway".

DEDICATION:

Dedication towards your duty always pays in life. Be totally dedicated and focused in your studies. You have to sacrifice something like movies, parties, and entertainments etc at this stage of your life to achieve bigger things. Just work day in and day out and go on and on. As told in the previous topic, one should have dedication towards the goal otherwise it is very difficult to achieve. Select standard study books/preparation of notes, as reading is the only entertainment you should have during this period.

PATIENCE:

As the CSE preparation spans a minimum of one year, right from the Preliminary stage to the interview state, it requires a lot of patience to maintain your tempo. At times you may feel tired and sick of further studying during the course of your preparation. Maintain your cool and patience and so on to break the monotony of studies. Talk to friends and parents. They will provide with you with the much-needed emotional support. Every aspirant tries to top in the first attempt itself. If you don't get through, don't get frustrated. Don't slow down your tempo and at the same time you should keep patience for another year to reap the fruits of success. So one should not lose patience and the tempo throughout the preparation period till success.

SELF-CONFIDENCE:

Your self-confidence can make the difference. If you don't believe in yourself and your capacity to achieve then, no matter how hard you try. You will end up failing. So your self-confidence should be at an all time high - always. You should be in the company of people, who can increase your motivational levels high and can inspire you. Form a group of close friends, who are as determined as you are to make it to the Civil Services Examination. Keep good friends, they are always a source of inspiration and motivation.

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Current Public Administration Magazine (JANUARY 2021)


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1. Accountability and Responsibility

  • How internet shutdowns damage democracy

Most of the activities that started as pen-paper exercises have now turned digital. From operations of small businesses to meetings, from food delivery to banking, there is some digital touch in everyone’s life. Who would have imagined, even two decades ago, that even media houses would be glued to Twitter accounts of Presidents for major announcements? I strongly believe that the element of digital has provided a platform to millions who feel more valued and more heard. I was surprised to discover that there is a term for the fear of being without a mobile device: nomophobia. There was even a joke doing rounds on social media as COVID-19 brought the world to a sudden halt: “Who brought the digital transformation in your organization?” The answer was not the CEO or the CTO but COVID-19. 

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2. Indian Government and Politics

  • Governing Delhi requires will to uphold Constitution — not alter it

On the face of it, the amendment to the National Capital Territory Act 1991 was introduced in Parliament to give effect to a July 2018 judgement of a 5-judge constitutional bench. While purporting to do so, the Bill has, in fact, planted several curbs on the functioning of the legislative assembly of Delhi as well as its council of ministers. The Supreme Court, without striking one single note of dissent or dissonance in a 536-page order, clause by clause, had clarified the difference between the constitutional arrangement designed for Delhi and that available for any other Union Territory.

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3. Social Administration

  • Lessons from Tagore for India’s post-pandemic education policy

As the COVID-19 pandemic refuses to die down, with a renewed resurgence causing devastation across the world, a global concerted effort where the technological advancement in the West has enabled the production of a vaccine to be utilised by the rest of the world, has once again highlighted the need for international cooperation. This, at a time when more and more nations were turning inwards. This inwardlooking policy making of nations does more harm than good. It has been forecast by some that the coronavirus might be a permanent reality. In this scenario, the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) needs to be revised. 

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4. Current Topic

  • Make every drop of water count for sustainable agriculture

On World Water day (March 22) Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Catch the Rain” campaign under the government’s flagship programme, Jal Shakti Abhiyan. He emphasised the importance of using every penny spent under MGNREGA to conserve water. This is a laudable objective. But what is the state of our water resources? How can we ensure that everyone has access to safe drinking water, while industry and agriculture also get sufficient supplies to produce enough to meet the country’s demands? These issues demand close attention.

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5. Financial Administration

  • Why privatising public assets is poor economics, impetus to greater wealth inequality

The government has adduced no reasons for the proposed privatisation of several public sector assets other than to generate resources for its spending. Let us see what such a fiscal strategy involves. Nobody buys public sector assets by skimping on consumption. Nor does one buy such assets by skimping on investment: Current investment expenditure depends on decisions taken in the past and is more or less pre-determined. It is only investment decisions that are taken today for fructification tomorrow that may be scaled down by such a purchase; and if investment decisions taken today are scaled-down, then it is an authentic case of “crowding out” and such a strategy should be avoided anyway. 

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Current Public Administration Magazine (DECEMBER 2020)


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1. Accountability and Responsibility

To remain leader of ‘free world’, America must demonstrate commitment to values of its own Constitution

At the time of writing this column, the final and official result of the race to the White House is not yet known. The race, it seems, is headed for a photo finish. The numbers may be close but the consequences would be wide apart — for the people of the United States and people living in plural democracies threatened by majoritarianism. 

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2. Indian Government and Politics

Free speech is a basic right that empowers marginalised lives

The horrific beheading of the French teacher, Samuel Paty, has once again laid bare the fault lines of free speech. Tabish Khair‘s piece (‗Lost in Paris‘, IE, October 30) represents one such crack. Khair‘s piece is a crying appeal against those who kill in the name of their gods and ideas, to not kill. Do not kill or afflict injury to bodies that bear contrarian ideas, he seems to be saying. And he is right — how can he not be?

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3. Social Administration

  • What is Worth of Women’s Household Work

Rs 1,000, Rs 1,500, Rs 2,000, or Rs 15,000 (―with skilling‖) per month. What is the worth of a woman‘shousehold work? As parties, all led by men, rush out these doles in manifestos this election in a bit of amazingly un-ironic coincidence, for that half of the world euphemistically termed ―homemakers‖, are we ready to even go there?

As the responses to the startling Malayalam film The Great Indian Kitchen — capturing all the work that goes into a day to keep a house running, and especially keep it fed — showed, the men have either no idea about this or, if they do, would rather not be reminded of it. The enormity of what our mothers have gone through for generations hit most of us ―working women‖, so to speak, as opposed to ―homemakers‖, during the Covid lockdown. With helps vanishing at one swish of PM Modi‘s wand, it was interesting to see how social media was flooded with recipes, with domestic work glorified as a return-to-nature exercise.  A year later, as coronavirus warnings return, no one is suggesting those helps be kept out — and the recipes have dried up.

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4. Current Topic

  • Jobless Growth

COVID-19 infections are once again on the rise with daily infections crossing 60,000 per day last week.This is considerably higher compared to the reported infections during the same period last year when the numbers were less than 500 per day. What is obvious is that the pandemic is far from over despite the availability of vaccines. However, unlike last year, the response this time has been muted with no nationwide lockdown. One of the reasons for the differing responses is the lesson from the unintended consequences on the economy of the strict lockdown last year. While aggregate estimates on the growth rate of GDP showed a sharp contraction in economic activity (the economy shrunk by 24 per cent in the AprilJune quarter of 2020) the impact on lives and livelihoods is still unfolding even though the sharp contractionary phase seems behind us. 

5. Indian Administration

  • No Space for Liberal Education

Resignation letters are supposed to be answers, but few resignations pose more questions than the answers that they were supposed to give. Pratap Bhanu Mehta‘s (PBM) letter of resignation from Ashoka University or his earlier letters of resignation from the National Knowledge Commission and Nehru Memorial Museum and Library have raised more questions than answers. The fundamental questions about the idea of education and the functioning of educational institutions; what education may produce if it is not expected to inculcate critical thinking and reflection; why educational institutions must be accountable to the state and what does autonomy mean for a privately-funded university which stands on the idea of liberal education? Mehta‘s resignation is not about an individual and an institution coming to an agreement to terminate their mutual agreement but how and why a higher educational institution (even though it is private) could ask a teacher to resign only because s/he had a different and dissenting opinion, which became a political liability for his/her employer. It is not about Mehta‘s writings alone — the people at the helm may have rejoiced when he compared the PM to Charles De Gaulle — but it is about the inability of the system to reckon with dissent. It also speaks of how the Indian higher education system has evolved, especially in its attempt to get decolonised. The privatisation of educational institutions — schools as well as higher educational institutions — promised a ―liberal‖ space, but these institutions could never get out of the control of the state and the government of the day.  

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