(Administrative Report) V. T. Krishnamachari
Committee (1962) "Part-1"
SYSTEMS OF TRAINING OF OFFICERS OF INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES:-
1. Training in the National Academy
The system of training of IAS officers recruited directly in the National
Academy is described. The following suggestions are made in regard to the
National Academy and its courses of training:
(1) An advisory council may be set up to give guidance to the Director of the
(2) Rural development may be included as a subject of study in the foundational
(3) Visits to one or two rural development centres and study in the Planning
Commission for two or three days may be included in the programme of Bharat
2. Probationary training in the States
The systems of practical training in th2 different States are summarised. The
following five recommendations are made with regard to the course of training of
IAS probationers in the States:
(1) The period of training should be fixed at 18 months.
(2) Probationers should be appointed to hold the concerned offices for enabling
them to learn important categories of work like revenue work, survey and
settlement, treasury work and community development.
Probationers should work as additional B.D.O.s for a minimum period of 3 months.
Branches of work which are relatively not so important can be learnt by the
probationers by being attached to the officers in charge.
(3) I.A.S. probationers should do case work. They should be instructed by
experienced district magistrates in methods of dealing with law and order
(4) The scheme of departmental examinations should be revised.
(5) Probationers should be posted for training under carefully selected
collectors who should be required to send periodical confidential reports on the
work done by them and their capacity in general.
3. Postings of IAS officers in the initial years of service
To enable IAS officers to gain varied experience, their postings during the
first 5 to 6 years may conform to the following pattern:
Practical training ……………………………………. 18 months
Charge of a sub-division………………………………18-24 months
Under Secretary to the State Government and
deputy to a head of department (both these courses of training are equally
useful) ………………..18-24 months
Charge of a district…………………………………… Towards the end of the sixth or in the
seventh year of service
Note: - All sub-divisional officers should be actively associated with the
community development programme.
4. Refresher Courses
Reorientation courses of three months' duration to directly
recruited IAS officers with 6 to 10 years' service and those promoted to IAS
from the State Services and short courses, seminars conferences, etc. lasting a
week to a month for the benefit of senior officers need to be specially
emphasised in the context of the growing complexity of the administrative
problems. A regular programme should be drawn by the Home Ministry with the
assistance of the other Ministries for this purpose after reviewing carefully
the facilities available at the Academy, the Central Institute of Study and
Research in Community Development, the Staff College at Hyderabad, the Indian
Institute of Public Administration, the National Council of Applied Economic
Research and other similar institutions.
SYSTEMS OF TRAINING OF OFFICERS OF STATE ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES:-
Every State Government should make as accurate a forecast as
possible (1) of the requirements of personnel in State Civil Service Class I
corresponding to deputy collectors and State Civil Service Class II
corresponding to tahsildars for the next 5 years, and (2) review the methods of
recruitment and systems of training in force.
The factors to be taken into account in estimating the
additional needs are indicated. The progress made in making estimates regarding
additional requirements in the States is briefly mentioned. From the information
furnished by the State Government, it is obvious that there will have to be
annual recruitment on a fairly large scale to the State Civil Services if the
needs in the coming years 'are to be met. The percentage fixed for filling up
vacancies in Class I and Class II by direct recruitment through competitive
examination varies in different States.
Direct recruitments have been irregular in the past and in
some States they had been kept in abeyance for as long a period as 15 to 20
years. It is recommended that all State Governments should amend their rules to
enable a minimum of 50 % of the posts in the State Civil Service Class I and .50
% of the posts in the State Civil Service Class II to be recruited by
competitive examination held by the State Public Service Commissions. Regular
annual examination should be held to make such recruitment according to a
carefully devised programme.
Block development officers belonging to State Civil Service
Class II are eligible for promotion to the State Civil Service Class I. Block
extension officers who are promoted as block development officers may be
promoted to the State Civil Service Class I or in their parent departments
according to their fitness. In Madras and Andhra a small proportion of the posts
of block development officers are held by deputy tahsildar. These are being
steadily replaced by officers corresponding to State Civil Service Class II.
This process should be completed soon.
It is suggested that a group might be set up in the Planning
Commission with representatives of the Ministries of Home Affairs and Community
Development, Panchayati Raj and Cooperation to keep in continuous touch with the
progress of recruitment to Class I and Class II Services in States and offer
such advice as may be needed from time to time.
The present arrangements in the-States for the training of directly recruited
officers to State Civil Service Class I and State Civil Service Class II are
Like the IAS officers, State Civil Service officers should learn important
categories of work by holding the concerned posts and should do case work and
receive special instructions in law and order problems.
Establishment of training institutes in States where there
are none either individually or jointly for two or more States with the help of
the National Academy is suggested. The recommendations regarding the
institutional training are (a) common foundational course for officers of State
Civil Services and officers of State technical service; (b) instructions in the
laws and regulations etc. pertaining to their future services for the direct
recruits to the State Civil Services; and (c) fixation of the period of training
in the institutes for these officers at six months. The need for coordination
between the State training institutes and the orientation and study centres run
by the Ministry of Community Development, Panchayati Raj and Cooperation is
stressed. Organisation of refresher courses for State Civil Service officers who
have put in 6 to 8 years of service in the State training institutes and
conducting of seminars and refresher courses for senior officers at the Central
1nstitutions are suggested.