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UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 24 June 2019

IAS EXAM


UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 24 June 2019


Q. 1 विश्व खाद्य सुरक्षा दिवस के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है।

1.इस दिवस को मानाने का उद्देश्य सुरक्षित खाद्य मनको को बनाए रखने में जागरूकता पैदा करना और खाद्य जनित बीमारियों के कारण होने वाली मौतों को कम करना है।
2. 2019 के विश्व खाद्य सुरक्षा दिवस की थीम "खाद्य सुरक्षा सभी का सरोकार " है
3. 7 जून 2019 को पहली बार खाद्य सुरक्षा दिवस मनाया गया।

a.केवल 1
b.1 और 2
c.1 और 3
d.1, 2, एवं 3

Q.2 भारत के निर्वाचन आयोग के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सत्य नहीं है ?

1 . भारत का निर्वाचन आयोग एवं स्वातंत्र संवैधानिक प्रधिकरण है।
2 . सविधान के अनुच्छेद 324 के अनुसार, यह आयोग भारत में लोकसभा, राज्य सभा , राज्य विधान सभाओं और राष्ट्रीपति तथा उपराष्ट्रीपति का चुनाव आयोजित करता है।
3 . वर्तमान में एच-एस ब्रत्मा मुख्य चुनाव आयुक्त है
4 . राजनितिक दलों को मान्यता प्रदान करने और चुनाव चिन्ह संबंधी विवाद के समाधान के मामले में इसे न्यायलय के समान ही शक्ति प्राप्त है।

a.केवल 1
b.1 और 2
c.1 और 3
d.उपरोक्त सभी

Q. 3 5G तकनीक क्या है ?

a. ग्लोबल कम्युनिकेशंस फॉर मोबाइल कम्युनिकेशंस
b . ग्लोबल कम्युनिकशंस ऑफ़ मोबाइल इंटरनेट
c . मोबाइल कम्युनिकेशंस
d. मोबाइल Phone App

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UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 23 June 2019

IAS EXAM


UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 23 June 2019


Q.1 फाइनेंशियल एक्शन टास्क फोर्स (FATF) के बारे में निम्नलिखित कथनो में से कौन सा कथन सत्य है ?

1. यह एक वित्तीय संस्था है, जो काले धन को वैध बनाने को रोकने से संबंधित नीतियाँ बनाने के लिए स्थापित की गई थी |
2. इसकी स्थापना 1989 में की गई थी
3. इसका सचिवालय पेरिस स्थित आर्थिक सहयोग और विकास संगठन के मुख्यालय में है |

a. केवल 1
b. केवल 2
c. केवल 3
d. उपरोक्त सभी

Q.2 सेव द चिल्ड्रेन संस्था (Save The Children) के बारे में निम्नलिखित कथनो में कौन सा कथन सत्य नहीं है ?

a. यह 1919 में स्थापित एक गैर - सरकारी संस्था है।
b. यह संस्था वर्ष 2008 में भारत में अपने कार्य की शुरुआत के लिए किया था।
c. 2018 तक यह भारत में 25 राज्यों में लगभग 12.03 लाख बच्चो के जीवन में बदलाव ला चूका है।
d. सेव द चिल्ड्रेन संस्था लगभग 80 देशो अपनी सेवाएँ दे रहा है।

Q.3 मिल्क फोर्टिफिकेशन प्रोजेक्ट (Milk Fortification Project) के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सत्य है ?

1. इस परयोजना की शुरुआत 5 सितंबर 2017 को राष्ट्रीय डेयरी विकास बोर्ड ने विश्व बैंक और टाटा ट्रस्ट के साथ मिलकर की थी
2. इस परियोजना के लिए निर्धारित अवधि 23 माह है।
3. यह परियोजना रिज़र्व बैंक ऑफ़ इंडिया के द्वारा प्रशासित है।

a. 1 और 2
b.1 और 3
c. 2 और 3
d. उपरोक्त सभी

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - Economics (Paper-1)


(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018

Economics (Paper-1)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Economics (Paper-I)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q.1 Answer the following questions in about 150 words each?

a) Does a monopolistically competitive market lead to excess capacity under price competition?
b) Using the IS-LM model, show how expected deflation may cause equilibrium output to remain at less than full-employment level.
c) Is stagflation a logical outcome of Keynesian orthodoxy? Give reasons for your answer.
d) What is high-powered money? Explain how changes in short-term monetary policy affect high – powered money and money multiplier.

Q.2 a) Explain why in a duopoly model of collusion, each firm has an incentive to cheat the other.
b) Show how a dominant firm with a competitive fringe can act as a price leader in an oligopoly market.
c) Give an outline of Kaldor’s theory of distribution. Also explain the implications of an increase in the wage level and a reduction in the saving rate on the distribution of income.

Q.3 a) In the simple Keyneaian model, if consumption and investment are both functions of income, how would the multiplier be affected?
b) What is hysteria? Explain the impact of hysteresis in Gradualist Monetarist and Eclectic Keynesian frame works.
c) How will you derive the real aggregate demand curve using the New Classical Theory?

Q.4 a) What is interest rate targeting? Explain using the concept of Taylor rule.
b) In an open economy with high capital mobility, monetary management can be a successful tool to increase output. Explain.
c) The burden of tax depends upon the elasticity of demand and supply of a commodity or service. Explain with suitable examples.

UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 23 June 2019



Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 23 June 2019


Q1. Which of the following statements regarding India’s forest cover are true ?

1) India’s forest cover was up by 5% in the last one year and for one tree chopped for development work, three to four were planted either in the same area or elsewhere.
2) According to a latest report, over 24.39% of the country’s geographical area now constitutes of green cover and further 125 crore trees would be planted along highways to increase green cover.
3) The main reasons for the decrease are shifting cultivation, other biotic pressures, rotational felling, diversion of forest lands for developmental activities, submergence of forest cover, agriculture expansion and natural disasters.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q2. Which of the following countries comprise of the so called “Horn of Africa “ region lying south of the strait of Hormuz ?

1) Niger
2) Ethiopia
3) Somalia
4) Chad
5) Djibouti

a) 1,2 & 4 only
b) 3,4 & 5 only
c) 2,3& 5 only
d) all of the above

Q3. Consider the following statements regarding the NAFTA (North American free Trade Agreement ) deal :

1) North American free Trade Agreement is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
2) In September 2018, the United States, Mexico, and Canada reached an agreement to replace NAFTA with the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA). NAFTA will remain in force, pending the ratification of the USMCA.
3) India is an active supporter of USMCA and opposed NAFTA during its formation in the late eighties.

Which of the above statements are true ?
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q4. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) signs MoU with Commom Service Centres– eGovernance Services India for enhancing new offerings for the MSME sector.
Which of the following statements regarding the same are true ?

1) The MoU will have special focus on providing services to village level entrepreneurs (VLEs) and would to lead to exponential growth of Village Entrepreneurs in the country.
2) CSC will facilitate VLEs and MSMEs through digital empowerment in accessing NSIC integrated support services encompassing Marketing, Finance, Technology and other offerings.
3) The MoU will aim at enhancing new offerings for the MSME sector by synergizing each other’s competence.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q5. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of sugar in the world ?

a) India
b) Brazil
c) China
d) Thailand

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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 22 JUNE 2019 (A stable planet: on World Population Prospects 2019 report (The Hindu))

A stable planet: on World Population Prospects 2019 report (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 2 : National
Prelims level : Not much
Mains level : World Population Prospects 2019 report

THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 22 JUNE 2019 (Why South Asia must cooperate (The Hindu))

Why South Asia must cooperate (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 2 : International Relations
Prelims level : SDGs
Mains level : Transnational approach in south asia to achieve SDGs

THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 22 JUNE 2019 (Smart diplomacy in five moves (The Hindu))

Smart diplomacy in five moves (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 2 : International Relations
Prelims level : Not Much
Mains level : India and its neighbourhood relations

UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 22 June 2019

IAS EXAM


UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 22 June 2019


Q1. विश्वविद्यालय अनुदान आयोग(UGC) के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा/से कथन सत्य नहीं है ?

a. 28 दिसंबर 1953 को तत्कालीन शिक्षा मंत्री मौलाना अब्दुल कलाम आजाद ने UGC की नींव रखी थी।
b. UGC विश्व विद्यालयी शिक्षा के मापदंडो के समन्वय, निर्धारण और अनुरक्षण हेतु 1956 में संसद के अधिनियम द्वारा स्थापित एक स्वायत संगठन है।
c. इसका मुख्यालय बैंगलोर में है।
d. इसके 6 क्षेत्रिए कार्यालय पुणे, भोपाल, कोलकाता, हैदराबाद, गुवाहाटी एवं बैंगलोर में है।

Q2. राष्ट्रीय नागरिक रजिस्टर (NRC) के बारे में कौन सा/से कथन सत्य है ?

  1. विदेशी (Tribunal) आदेश 1964 के अनुसार यह केंद्र सरकार को शक्ति प्रदान करता है कि वह प्राधिकरण से यह प्रश्न कर सकती है कि कोई व्यक्ति विदेशी अधिनियम, 1946 के अंतर्गत विदेशी है या नहीं है।
  2. 31 जुलाई को NRC की अंतिम रिपोर्ट के प्रकाशन से पूर्व अवैध प्रवासियों की जांच करने के लिए असम में लगभग 1000 ट्रिब्यूनल्स स्थापित करने की मंजूरी दे दी है।
  3. ये प्राधिकरण अर्ध-न्यायिक निकाय होते है।

कूट
a. केवल 1
b. केवल 2
c. केवल 3
d. उपयुक्त सभी

Q3. मिथाइल ब्रोमाइड (Methyl Bromide) के बारे में निम्नलिखिय में कौन सा कथन सत्य नहीं है?

a. दुनिया के सभी देश मिथाइल-ब्रोमाइड का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए स्वतंत्र है
b. मिथाइल ब्रोमाइड का प्रयोग किये बिना खाद्य उत्पादों के निर्यात करने वाले देशो पर भारत द्वारा आर्थिक दंड अधिरोपित किया जाता है।
c. फ्यूमिगेंट/धूमक का उपयोग भारतीय बंदरगाह पर दूसरे देशो से आयातित अनाज और दालो की कीटों से सुरक्षा करने के लिए किया जाता है।
d. वैश्विक स्तर पर CFC का उपयोग प्रतिबंधित है।

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UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 21 June 2019

IAS EXAM


UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 21 June 2019


Q1. शंघाई सहयोग संगठन (SCO) के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा/से कथन सत्य है?

1. शंघाई सहयोग संगठन (SCO) की स्थापना चीन, कजाखिस्तान, रूस, उज़्बेकिस्तान तथा भारत द्वारा 15 जून 2001 को शंघाई में की गई थी |
2. वर्ष 2005 में भारत और पाकिस्तान इस संगठन में पर्यवेक्षक के रूप में शामिल हुए थे|
3. भारत और पाकिस्तान को वर्ष 2017 में इस संगठन के पूर्ण सदस्य देश का दर्जा प्राप्त हुआ था|

कूट:
(a) केवल 1
(b) केवल 2
(c) 1 और 2
(d) 2 और 3

Q2. चीन – पाकिस्तान इकॉनोमिक कोरिडोर (CPEC) के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सत्य है?

(a) यह कोरिडोर पाकिस्तान के ग्वादर से लेकर चीन के शिनजियांग प्रांत के कोरिडोर तक लगभग 1442 किलोमीटर लम्बी परियोजना है|
(b) इस परियोजना की कुल लागत 50 अरब डॉलर के लगभग है|
(c) इस परियोजना का मुख्य उद्देश्य रेलवे और सड़क हाइवे के माध्यम से तेल और गैस का कम समय में वितरण करना है|
(d) उपरोक्त में से कोई नहीं |

Q3. जी -20 मंत्रिस्तरीय बैठक के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा /से कथन सत्य है?

1. 2019 में G–20 शिखर सम्मलेन का आयोजना जापान के टोक्यो शहर में 9 जून को किया गया था|
2. G-20 समूह में ऑस्ट्रेलिया, भारत, चीन, जापान, फ़्रांस, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका जैसे देश शामिल हैं|
3. G-20 सम्मेलनों में संयुक्त राष्ट्र, IMF एवं विश्व बैंक भी भाग लेते हैं|

कूट:
(a) केवल 1
(b) केवल 2
(c) केवल 3
(d) उपरोक्त सभी

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - Geography (Paper-2)


(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018

Geography (Paper-2)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Geography (Paper-II)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q.1 (a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all of the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural, in not more than 30 words for each entry:

1. Shyok River
2. Mawlynnong
3. Shravasti
4. Kori Creek
5. Amarkantak
6. Ghatshila
7. Tawang
8. Neyyar
9. Dandeli
10. Mulshi Lake

b) Explain the unusual intensity of dust storms and thunderstorms across India in the pre-monsoon period of year 2018.
c) Why setting up of Water Management Boards is a controversial issue in India.
d) Keeping the recent developments in view, how can the energy crisis of India be circumvented by harnessing non conconventional energy resources?

Q.2 a) Distinguish the geographical aspects of North-Western lava plateau and Chotanagpur Plateau of Peninsular India.
b) Explain the contemporary agricultural scenario in the context of rapid urbanizations in India.
c) Assess the suitability of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) for the sustainable economic development in India.

Q.3 a) Examine the ongoing process of agricultural diversification and its implications for food security in India.
b) Account for the persisting negative trade balance of India.
c) Critically assess the vanishing ethnic linguistic plurality of India.

Q.4 a) Examine the driving forces of changing urban morphology of millionplus cities of India with suitable examples.
b) Discuss the emerging geo-political scenario of Indian Ocean realm.
c) Give a critical account of region specific constraints of sustainable tourisms in India.

UPSC Mains General Studies Study Kit

UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 20 June 2019

IAS EXAM


UPSC परीक्षा ​: समसमायिकी वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न, Hindi Current Affairs MCQ - 20 June 2019


Q1. निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन किम्बर्ले प्रक्रिया प्रमाणन योजना के लिए सही है/ हैं?

1. वर्तमान में किम्बर्ले प्रक्रिया प्रमाणन योजना (KPCS) के 55 सदस्य देश हैं।
2. वर्ष 2019 में रुसी संघ को किम्बर्ले प्रक्रिया प्रमाणन योजना की अध्यक्षता का कार्यभार सौंपा गया है।
3. किम्बर्ले प्रक्रिया हीरे के दुरुपयोग को रोकने के लिए कई देशो, उद्योगों और नागरिक समाजो की संयुक्त पहल है।

कूट :
a. 1 एवं 2
b. 1, 2 एवं 3
c. 1 एवं 3
d. 2 एवं 3

Q2. विश्व मरुस्थली करण और सूखा रोकथाम दिवस 2019 के बारे में निम्नलिखित कथनो में कौन सा/से कथन सत्य हैं ?

1. प्रत्येक वर्ष 17 जून को इसका आयोजन किया जाता है।
2. वर्ष 2019 में इसकी थीम लेट्स ग्रो द फ्यूचर टुगेदर (Let’s Grow The Future Together) है।
3. इस बैठक का आयोजन 29 अगस्त से 14 सितम्बर तक दिल्ली में किया जाएग।

कूट :
a. 1 एवं 3
b. 2 एवं 3
c. 1 एवं 2
d. 1, 2 एवं 3

Q3. प्रधानमंत्री मुद्रा योजना के बारे में निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा/से कथन सत्य नहीं है ?

1. इस योजना की शुरुआत अप्रैल 2016 में प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी के द्वारा की गई थी।
2. इस योजना के तहत सिर्फ 50,000 से 5 लाख तक का ऋण मिलता है।
3. 2018-2019 में इस योजना के तहत लगभग 60 मिलियन ऋण प्रदान किये गए थे।

कूट :
a. केवल 1
b. केवल 3
c. केवल 1 एवं 2
d. उपयुक्त सभी

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - Geography (Paper-1)


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Geography (Paper-1)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Geography (Paper-I)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q.1 Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

(a) “Landscape is a function of structure, process and stage.” Critique the statement.
(b) Explain the role of evaporation in the hydrologic cycle.
(c) Describe the causes and consequences of sea level changes.
(d) Distinguish between intrazonal and azonal soils. Describe in brief the characteristics and importance of azonal soils.
(e) Explain the natural and anthropogenic causes and mitigation measures of frequent flooding in Mumbai.

Q.2 (a) Evaluate how far Kober's geosynclinals theory explains the mountain building process.
(b) Critically examine the basis and scheme of climatic classification proposed by G.T.Trewartha.
(c) Discuss the objectives and principles of environmental education. Describe the basic concerns of formal and non-formal environmental education in India.

Q.3 (a) Explain the origin, progress and retreat of the Indian monsoon and discuss its impact on the Indian economy.
(b) “Geomorphological changes are largely responsible for environmental hazards in the Himalayan region.” Comment with relevant examples.
(c) “Controlling population growth is the sustainable solution to environmental problems.” Express your views with suitable arguments.

Q.4 (a) Describe the potential marine energy resources with reference to their benefits, harvestibility and environmental impacts.
(b) Explain the ecosystem approach to environmental management and highlight its advantages and disadvantages.
(c) Discuss the causes of degradation of tropical rainforests and suggest remedial measures for their prevention, conservation and development.

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - Sociology (Paper-2)


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SOCIOLOGY (Paper-2)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains SOCIOLOGY (Paper-II)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q 1. Write short answers with a sociological perspective of the following questions in about 150 words each.

(a) Write a note on G.S.Ghurye’s Indological perspective of understanding Indian society.
(b) Give a critical analysis of Andre Beteille’s study of Tanjore village.
(c) Media is the fourth pillar of democracy. Discuss.
(d) Write a note on the changing roles of middle-class women in India.
(e) Discuss the growth of religious sects in India.

Q 2. (a) Analyse A.R. Desai’s views on India’s path of development.
(b) Examine sociological dynamics of Champaran Peasant Movement in colonial India.
(c) How do the recommendations of Swaminathan Commissions (2004-2006) ensure food and nutrition security for the Indian masses?

Q 3. (a) What do you understand by discrete castes and muddled hierarchies? Substantiate your answer with suitable illustrations.
(b) Discuss development induced displacement in the context of tribal uprising in India. Substantiate your answer with any one detailed illustration from India.
(c) Illustrate the importance of ‘Kanyadan’ and ‘Kulabadhu’ in changing institution of marriage and family.

Q 4. (a) How has the New Economic Policy (1991) affected the lifestyle and life changed in new middle class in India.
(b) Write a critical narrative on the concerns of religious minorities in India.
(c) Discuss the issues relating to the entitlement of transgender in Indian society.

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - Sociology (Paper-1)


(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018

SOCIOLOGY (Paper-1)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains SOCIOLOGY (Paper-I)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q 1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

(a) The focal point of sociology rests on interaction. How do you distinguish it from common sense?
(b) Distinguish between fact and value in Weber's Protestant Ethic ad Spirit of Capitalism.
(c) Do you think T and Me are central terms in Mead's work.
(d) What is the difference between natural and social inequality examples from caste and class dimensions.
(e) What are the new forms of family in developed societies? Discuss.

Q 2. (a) Is non-positivistic methodology scientific? Illustrate.
(b) Explain Durkheim's basic arguments on suicide. Can you analyse high suicide rates of contemporary Indian society with Durkheim's theory?
(c) Evaluate if social stratification is functional for society.

Q 3. (a) Does collapse of functionalism and bankruptcy of Marxism coincide with the rupture of modernity? Discuss.
(b) Define patriarchy. How does patriarchy manifest in interpersonal relations?
(c) What is the difference between anomie in Merton and Durkheim? Explain.

Q 4. (a) According to Marx, how are human beings alienated from their human potential and what does he suggest to change this?
(b) Schooling does not ensure upward mobility of all members of this society. Discuss with reference in class societies.
(c) Discuss the challenges thrown by religious revivalism to a secular nation-state.

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Paper-2)


(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Paper-2)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

a. “A government next-door is the government that matters most for the people.” Discuss the statement with special reference to the values of local government.
b. The philosophy of the Westminster model is at odds with the political culture of India.” Critically analyse.
c. “The attached offices and subordinate offices are integral to the functioning of the Cabinet Secretariat.” Discuss.
d. It is apprehended that lateral entry will lead to politicisation of bureaucracy. Do you agree? Justify
e. “Contracting out tasks without effective accountability mechanisms can be counter-productive for effective service delivery." Comment.

Q2. a. "The market-driven profitability concerns have shaken the foundation of the public sector undertakings.” Do you agree? Give reasons.
b. It is argued that the NITI Aayog has broken the edifice of planning into fragments. Comment.
c. “Autonomy of civil society is crucial for responsive and effective administration.” Examine the statement

Q3. a. Critically examine the criteria adopted by the 15th Finance Commission for allocation of resources to States. What have been the major issues of contention since the 10th Finance Commission?
b. “In the coalition era with elusive majority of a single party in the State Legislature, the role of the Governor becomes even more challenging." Discuss.
c. “Development management advocates self-sustaining customer-friendly institutions at the district level.” Comment.

Q4. a. Climate change issues pose new challenges for district administration to be proactive.” Elaborate
b. “Judicial overreach to a large extent is a consequence of ineffective executive.” Examine.
c. "In the transition from the State-led economy to the market economy, India should rely more on 'indicative planning'.” Do you agree? Explain your position.

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Paper-1)


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PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Paper-1)


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-I)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours

SECTION "A"

Q1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Q1. (a) "The scope of the discipline of Public Administration is determined by what an administrative system does." Does it mean that the scope of this discipline is boundaryless ? Explain.
(b) "The concepts of rationality and efficiency are intertwined in the bureaucratic analysis of Max Weber." Comment.
(c) “New Public Service approach is an improvement over its predecessor, New Public Management." Discuss.
(d) "A leader is a people's developer" (Napoleon). Which aspects of subordinates' development can be positively influenced by a leader ? Discuss.
(e) “Herbert Simon's book Administrative Behavior presents a synthesis of the classical and behavioural approaches to the study of Public Administration." Explain.

Q2. (a) Dwight Waldo in his book, The Administrative State emphatically mentions that the roots of administrative theory lie in political theory. Critically examine Waldo's contention.
(b) “The Phenomenological Approach advocated by the New Public Administration has obstructed the path of theory building in Public Administration." Comment.
(c) Discuss the essential characteristics of public sector-centred and market-centred perspectives in Public Private Partnerships and also compare the two.

Q3. (a) Communication represents the “Nerves of Government" (Karl Deutsch). How can the communication system in the government be made more effective, responsive and motivational ?
(b) "Political and administrative systems have reciprocal relationship.” Discuss.
(c) "An effective Management Information System (MIS) is the key to successful headquarter-field relationships."Comment.

Q4. (a) “Form of an organisation influences the success of a public enterprise, but the choice of a form has always remained problematic." Discuss the statement in the context of the comparative merits and limitations of departments, corporations, companies and boards. Give illustrations.
(b) "Chester Barnard's model of 'Contribution-Satisfaction Equilibrium' is still considered a logical model of organisational motivation." Do you agree? Give arguments.
(c) "The political approach to Public Administration stresses on the values of representativeness political responsiveness and accountability through elected officials to the citizenry" (David H. Rosembloom). Comment.

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Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 13 June 2019



Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 13 June 2019


Q1. Union Cabinet has approved the Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill 2019 to replace Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2019.
Which of the following statements regarding the same are true ?

1) This will enable UIDAI to have a more robust mechanism to serve the public interest and restrain the misuse of Aadhar.
2) After the amendment, all individuals will be compelled to provide proof of possession of Aadhaar number to undergo authentication for the purpose of establishing his identity.
3) For the convenience of the general public in the opening of bank accounts, the proposed amendments will allow the use of Aadhaar number for authentication on a voluntary basis as an acceptable KYC document.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q2. Consider the following pairs of bilateral military exercises conducted by India with the corresponding nations :

1) Mitra Shakti : Srilanka
2) Al Nagah : Israel
3) Maitree : Bangladesh
4) Ajeya Warrior : United Kingdom
5) Surya Kiran : Nepal

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched ?
a) 1,2 & 3 only
b) 1,4 & 5 only
c) 2 & 4 only
d) all of the above

Q3. Consider the following statements :

1) The impact of Climate Change on farmers, especially small and marginal ones is high in any part of the country. If the affected areas are flood-prone and drought-prone, the impact is enormous.
2) National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR) has launched a training programme of Sustainable Livelihoods and Adaptation to Climate Change (SLACC) to help Rural Poor Farm Holds adapt to Climate Change and sustain their livelihoods.
3) Total 638 drought and flood-prone villages all over India will be covered as pilot basis under this first of its kind initiative.

Which of the above statements are true ?
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q4. Which of the following statements regarding the The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)’s indigenously developed Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) are true ?

1) Through the HSTDV project the idea was to demonstrate the performance of a scram-jet engine at an altitude of 15 km to 20 km, is on.
2) It can be used for launching satellites at low cost. It will also be available for long-range cruise missiles of the future.
3) In scram-jet technology, combustion of fuel takes place in a chamber in the missile at hypersonic speeds whereas in a ramjet engine air is collected from the surrounding atmosphere during the flight at supersonic speeds.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q5. 19th Shanghai Cooperation Organization(SCO) Summit is all set to begin in Bishkek from today. Bishkek is the capital city of which of the following countries ?

a) Kazhakstan
b) Kyrgyzstan
c) Uzbekistan
d) Turkmenistan

 

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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 13 JUNE 2019 (Dark side of the Moon: Chandrayaan-2 mission will enter uncharted territory, offer great scientific insight (Indian Express))

Dark side of the Moon: Chandrayaan-2 mission will enter uncharted territory, offer great scientific insight (Indian Express)

Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology
Prelims level: Chandrayaan-2
Mains level: Significance of the Chandrayaan-2 mission

Context

  •  The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has finally announced the date of its much-awaited Chandrayaan-2 mission to the moon.
  •  The mission will be launched on July 15, and its lander and rover will touch down on the moon’s surface either on September 5 or 6.

Background

  •  The Chandrayaan-2 mission has taken a long way coming, considering that its predecessor, Chandrayaan-1, an Orbiter mission, had been sent way back in 2008.
  •  According to the original schedule, Chandrayaan-2 was to be launched in 2012 itself, but at that time it was supposed to be a collaborative mission with the Russian space agency, Roskosmos, which was to provide the lander module.
  •  The Russians, however, withdrew from the missions after their similarly-designed lander for another mission developed problems in 2011.
  •  That left ISRO to design, develop and build the lander on its own, something it has not done earlier, which has led to considerable delay from the original schedule.

A sequel to Chandrayaan-1

  •  The Chandrayaan-1 mission, which was launched in October 2008, was ISRO’s first exploratory mission to the moon, in fact to any heavenly body in the space.
  •  That mission was designed to just orbit around the moon and make observations with the help of the instruments on board.
  •  The closest that Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft came to the moon was in an orbit 100 km from its surface.
  •  For largely symbolic reasons, though, the Chandrayaan-1 mission did make one of its instruments, called Moon Impact Probe, or MIP, a 35-kg cube-shaped module with the Indian tricolour on all its sides, to crash-land on the moon’s surface.
  •  But that did not, apparently, just leave an Indian imprint on the moon’s surface. ISRO claims that while on its way, MIP had sent data that showed evidence for the presence of water on the moon.
  •  Unfortunately, those findings could not be published because of anomalies in calibration of the data.
  •  The confirmation for water had come through another onboard instrument, the M3 or Moon Mineralogy Mapper, that had been put by NASA.
  •  Chandrayaan-2 is a logical progression on Chandrayaan-1. It is a more sophisticated mission designed to pack in a whole lot of science.

India’s first lander mission

  •  Chandrayaan-2 consists of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover, all equipped with scientific instruments to study the moon.
  •  The Orbiter would once again watch the moon from a 100-km orbit, while the Lander and Rover modules will separate and make a soft-landing on moon’s surface.
  •  ISRO has named the Lander module as Vikram, after Vikram Sarabhai, the pioneer of India’s space programme, and the Rover module as Pragyaan, meaning wisdom.
  •  Once on the moon, the rover, a six-wheeled solar-powered vehicle, will detach itself from the lander, and would slowly crawl on the surface, making observations and collecting data.
  •  It will be equipped with two instruments, and its primary objective would be to study the composition of the moon’s surface near the landing site, and determine its abundance of different elements.
  •  The 1471-kg lander, which will remain stationary after touching down, will carry three instruments that will mainly study the moon’s atmosphere. One of the instruments will also look out for seismic activity on lunar surface.
  •  While the lander and rover are designed to work for only 14 days (1 lunar day), the Orbiter, a 2379-kg spacecraft with seven instruments on board, would remain in orbit for a year.
  •  It is equipped with different kinds of cameras to take high-resolution three-dimensional maps of the surface.
  •  It also has instruments to study the mineral composition on the moon and the lunar atmosphere, and also to assess the abundance of water.

Chandrayaan-2 to enter uncharted territory

  •  With Chandrayaan-2, India will become only the fourth country in the world to land a spacecraft on the moon.
  •  So far, all landings, human as well as non-human, on the moon have been in areas close to its equator.
  •  That was mainly because this area receives more sunlight that is required by the solar-powered instruments to function.
  •  Earlier this year, in January, China landed a lander and rover on the far side of the moon, the side that is not facing the earth.
  •  This was the first time that any landing had taken place on that side. The Chinese mission, Chang’e 4, was designed to function for three lunar days (three periods of two-weeks on Earth, interspersed with similar two-week periods which is lunar night), but has outlived its mission life and entered its fifth lunar night.
  •  Chandrayaan-2 will make a landing at a site where no earlier mission has gone, near the South pole of the moon. It is a completely unexplored territory and therefore offers great scientific opportunity for the mission to see and discover something new.
  •  Incidentally, the crash-landing of the MIP from the Chandrayaan-1 mission had also happened in the same region.
  •  The south pole of the moon holds the possibility of the presence of water, and this is one aspect that would be probed meticulously by Chandrayaan-2.
  •  In addition, this area is also supposed to have ancient rocks and craters that can offer indications of history of moon, and also contain clues to the fossil records of early solar system.
    50 years after first human landed on moon
  •  The Chandrayaan-2 mission comes very close to the 50th year of the first human landing on moon, which happened on July 20, 1969.
  •  There has been a renewed interest in sending humans to moon all over again, with the United States already having announced its intention to launch a manned mission to the moon soon.

Way ahead

  •  India has announced that it will launch its first human space mission, Gaganyaan, before the year 2022.
  •  A human mission to the moon could be the next logical step forward, though no one is talking about it as yet.
  •  A successful Chandrayaan-2 and Gaganyaan would, however, no doubt set the stage for the human mission to the moon.

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THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 13 JUNE 2019 (Back to Kashmir with an open heart (The Hindu))

Back to Kashmir with an open heart (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 2: Polity
Prelims level: Not much
Mains level: Conducting election process

Context

  •  Before the 2019 general election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi asserted that the problem in Jammu and Kashmir has been kept confined to “two-and-a-half districts” and that the panchayat polls (December 2018) were an indication of the enthusiasm in the State for democratic processes.
  •  It is surprising that he has been able to make this claim unchallenged.
  •  The attempt to put off the Assembly elections till after the Amarnath yatra is a piece of this distortion.

Beyond the lockdown

  •  On April 4, over a month-and-a-half after the Pulwama attack (in February), an announcement was made that the National Highway between Baramulla and Udhampur would be closed to civilian traffic for two days a week to facilitate convoy movements.
  •  It did not get the attention it deserved in the national media, but many security planners were aghast.
  •  The highway is a lifeline for the local population, with many lateral roads and passes through more than two-and-a-half districts.
  •  The armed forces are so heavily deployed and the necessity for supplies and replenishments so constant that they use the roads more than two days in a week.
  •  If the ban now stands lifted, it was because it is untenable.

A sense of alienation

  •  The panchayat polls, held over as many as seven phases, were marked by the absence of the mainstream political parties such as the Congress or the National Conference or the Peoples Democratic Party.
  •  It is not prudent to interpret the enthusiasm here and project it on to the Assembly elections.
  •  A parsing of the panchayat poll figures also shows a different reality, marked by astoundingly low polling in many wards, no representatives in hundreds of other wards, overall something that was reiterated more effectively in the Lok Sabha election.
  •  In the parliamentary constituencies of Baramulla, Srinagar and Anantnag, voter turnout dipped while in the Shopian and Pulwama areas there was hardly any enthusiasm.
  •  At dozens of booths no one turned out to vote, the most dismal voting figures since the late 1980s.
  •  That’s how far back Mr. Modi’s policies have set the clock. Not the best advertisement for a problem that is confined merely to two-and-a-half districts.

Arresting the drift

  •  Though the Prime Minister often says that he has taken the high road of his predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee (recall the former Prime Minister’s ‘Insaniyat, Jamhooriyat, Kashmiriyat’ formulation) there is little evidence of this on the ground and in the minds of Kashmiris.
  •  Only if the stage is set for an early Assembly election can something be salvaged.
  •  By not holding Assembly elections soon, the two-and-a-half district problem is not going to be halved.
  •  The bulk of the Indian Army is not deployed in West Bengal because of some trifling two-and-a-half district problem.
  •  It is deployed in Kashmir. If the problem was indeed so small, it should have been easy enough to have held the Lok Sabha and the Assembly elections simultaneously in J and K.
  •  The results of the Lok Sabha election have confirmed the deep political divisions.

Way forward

  •  It is easy enough to find reasons not to hold polls till an option suitable to New Delhi emerges: it is easy enough to cite the “tourism season” and the Amarnath yatra to put off the decision till November, when the capital shifts to Jammu.
  •  In the 1990s, when Governor’s Rule was imposed for nearly seven years, militancy soared.
  •  The longer the decision is put off, the more young and educated people, who are already disillusioned with the way things are going in that area, are going to drift towards militancy.
  •  Now that the Prime Minister has made a conciliatory start, he should extend the same sense of inclusiveness to the Kashmir Valley, and begin anew.

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