Some of The Tribes In India: Art & Culture for UPSC Exams

UPSC Exam Art & Culture

Some of The Tribes In India: Art & Culture for UPSC Exams


Abhor             These   tribes  are  found  in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

Abujmaria       Known variously as Abudjamadis, Abujmariya and Hill Maria, these tribes are found in the geographic illy inaccessible areas of Abujhmar Mountains and Kutrumar Hills in the Bastar dist rict of Madhya Pradesh. They speak a Dravidian language called Abujmaria. The Hill Miria tribes are considered as a sub-group oi the Gonds, who are historically the most important group of original Indian tribes.

Adivasika        These are forest dwellers found mainly in Northern Kerala, near Calicut.

Adivasi Girasia These  tribes inhabit  'he Banaskantha and Sabarkantha dis- tricts of Gujarat and are believed to be  the  des cendant s  of  the Rajputs who married Biil wormn. The name "Girasia" refers to the Rajput and other landholders liv- ing in the Gujarat and Rajasthan regions.  Theirlanguage,  al so known as Adivasi Girasia, is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Bhil subgroup.

Adiyan            Also known as Eravas ,  these people are found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Aka                 These tribes are 5 found mainly in the Andaman Islands, Arunachal Pradesh and  also  in  par t s  of Assam. The Aka people are so named for a black, sticky paint they use on their faces. They used to speak Aka (now an extinct lan- guage) on the Andunan Islands and Aka Lel, a dialect of Nisi, in Assam. The Aka people in Assam celeb - ate the Nechido Festival every year on the first day of November.

Alars                Also  known  as  Chathans or Chatans, these tribes are found in the Kerala-Palghat region. They speak Alar and Malayalam.

Amindivi          These  tribes are found   in Lakshadweep.

Amri Karib      Known by different names like Mikir, Manchati, Mikiri, Karbi, these tribes are found in the Mikir and Rengma Hills of Assam. They speak Amri, a dialect of Mikir.

Anal                 These tribes are found in Manipur.

Angami:           These tribes are found in Kohima, the capital of Nagaland.

Ao                    The Aotribe  is  found in  the Mokokchung  District of Nagaland. The main festivals of the Aos are Moatsuand Tsungremmong celebrated during the first week of May and August, respectively.

Apatani            These tribes, also described as Apa, are found south of the Tibetan border in the states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Their language is also kncwn as Apatani. These tribes are re- nowned for their cultivation, es- pecially the Terraced rice fields, which are located along the sides of the valleys.

Arnatas            Also known is Aranacan  and Eranadans, these tribes are fouid in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. They speak Aranatan and malayalam.

Baiga               Known by names like Baigai, Bega and Bhumis these people are found in Bihar, Maharashtra. Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal Their language is also known as Baiga.

Banchharas       These tribes are found in Madhya Pradesh.

Bangni             The Bangni (also known as the Dafla or the Nishi) inhabit the hills of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Their native language, Nisi, be- longs to the Tibeto-Burman lan- guage family.

Bangri              These tribes are located mainly in the states of Haryana, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Delhi. Their language, Bangaru, is a member of the Indo- Aryan language family.

Banjaras          Known by different names in dif- ferent places like Lamani, Lambadi, Bangala, Banjori, Banjuri, Gohar- Herkeri, Goola, Gurmarti, Kora, Labhani Muka, Lambara, Lavani, Lemadi, Lumadale, Sugali, Tanda, Vanjari, Waji, Gormati and Singali, these tribes are mainly concen- trated in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya   Pradesh,   Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, TamilNadu, Maharashtra Karnataka, Orissa and West Bengal. Their common language is Lamani.

Barda               These tribes are found in Gujarat.

Bavacha          These tribes are found in Gujarat.

Barel    The Barels are considered to be the sub-group of Bhils. They speak Barel language.

Bathudi           The Bathudis live primarily in the districts of  Mayurbhanj

Chamars          These tribes are known by differ- ent names like Chamari, Chambhar Boli and Chambhari. These are found in the States of Madhya Pr adesh,  Uttar  Pradesh  and Maharashtra. Their language is known as Chamari.

Chameali Pahari The Chameali Pahari tribes are primarily located in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kash- mir.

Changs             These tribes are found in the Tuensang District of Nagaland.

Chang-Pas       These are the tribes found in the northern upland valleys of the Indus River in Jammu & Kashmir. They speak in Tibetan dialect.

Charan            These tribes are found in Gujarat.

Chekhasang     Chekhasang and Pouchry Tribes are found in the Phek District of Nagaland. Chakhesang culture and customs are quite different from the other Naga tribes. There are evidences of the ex is tence of head-hunting among the villagers in the ancient days.

Chenchus         Known  variously as Chenchucool am,  Chenchwar, Chenswar and Choncharu, these tribes are found primarily in the state of Andhra Pradesh and also in parts of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Orissa. Their native language (also-called Chenchus) belongs to the Dravidian language family. Many also speak Telugu.

Cheros             These tribes, which claim to be the descendants of the Rajputs, are found in Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal and are primarily concentrated in Palamau, Shahabad, Champaran and other surrounding districts. The Chero speak a language that is also called Chero.

Chettier           Chettie' is tlie Hindu fishermen caste of Tamil Nadu.

Chola Naickans Also known as Chola Naikar, these tribes are fourtd mainly in the Nilambur jungle in Kerala. They speak  Canarese,  a  dialect  of Kannada.

Dafla                These   tribes   are   found   in Arunachal Pradesh.

Damarias         These   tribes   are   found   in Rajasthan.

Deori               These  tribes  live a long  the Brahmaputra River and are prima- rily located in the states of Assam, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. They speak a Tibeto-Burman lan- guage that is also called Deori. The Deori are one of the four division of   the Chutiya people group and are also related o the Eastern Bodo- Garo.

Dhodia            The Dhodia are located in the ex- treme southeastern districts of Gujarat, in the hilly regions south of the Tapi River and in Dadra & Nager Haveli. The Dhodia are the highest ranking tribe and the third largest tribal group in Gujarat. They speak Dhodia, a Bhillan- guage.

Dhurwa           These tribes are forest dwellers found mainly in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh and Koraput district of Orissa. They are con- sidered as a sub-group of the Gond, the largest tribal group in India. They speak Parji in three dialects.

Dimasa            These are Proto-Austroloid tribes found in Meghalaya and Mizoram

Eravallan       These tribes ire found in Kerala.

Gaddi    Known by names like Bharmauri  Bhadi, Pahari Bharmauri, Panchi Brahmauri Rajput, Gaddyal and Gadi, these tribes are found in parts  of  Himachal  Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradeih and Punjab. Their language is also known as Gaddi.

Galong            These  tribes , also  known  as Gallong, Gallo, Galo and Adi-Galo, live in Assam, along the Tibet bor- der area Their language is also known as Galong.

Gamit              These   tribes   are   found   in Karnataka.

Gamti              This is one of the Bhil tribes that live mainly in the Surat and Broach districts of Gujarat, India. Among the Bhil, the word gamta means "headman," possibly giving the Gamti a feeling of superiority over ot her Bhiltribes. They speak Gamti, which is one of the Bhil languages.

Garhwali          The Garhwali or the Central Pahari are a hardworking and often iso- lated people who are primarily lo- cated in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.

Garos               The Garos or Achiks belong to the Bodo family of the Tibeto-Burman race and are found in Meghalaya. They are said to have migrated from Tibet.

Gonds              The Gonds comprise the largest tribal group in India. Historically, the Gonds were the most impor- tant group of the original Indian tribes. In the 1500's, several Gond dynasties were established and their rajas or kings ruled like Hindu princes. The Gonds were con- quered by the Muslim armies in 1592 but their tribes were not dis-turbed by the changes in adminis- tration.

Gongte             These tribes are found in Manipur.

Gosains            These tribes are found in Madhya Pradesh.

Gotte               These tribes, also known as Po- dia Koya, are found in the jungles of Madhya Pradesh. Their lan- guage is Podia Koya, which is a dialect of Koya.

Gracias These tribes, known by different names like Garasia, Rajput Girasia, Dungri Grasia and Dhungri Bhili are found in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Their  language  is  known  as Garasia

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