Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and Answer - 26
Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and Answer
(Public Administration Paper II / Chapter: Union Government and Administration)
(Current Based) Question : Discuss the performance of Indian Parliament after independence. (20 Marks/250 Words)
Model Answer :
The scholars have categorized Indian Parliament as a reactive institution as it reacts to the policy proposed by executives. The performance of Parliament can be gauged by quality & quantity of decisions during a given time period. It can also be evaluated on the basis of the conduct of the houses in the formative period under various leaders.
The performance of the Parliament from being an ideal platform to express dissent and adequate participation of both the Government and opposition during Nehru’s times has slowly degenerated over a period of time. The initial parliamentarians were all scholars and experts in their domains and hence brought qualitative discussions to the table. Over time, the Members of Parliament are predominantly Generalists who lack technical knowledge needed in the domain of policy making and hence mostly stay quiet.
During Indira Gandhi’s time, the Indian Parliament reach a plummet, where to confront an uneasy opposition an emergency was declared, many opposition members were arrested and basic fundamental rights were curtailed. In the years following there has always been stiff resentment by the opposition that reduces the pace of functioning of the parliament. In the current scenario, the parliament is known for its inefficiency, to the extent that the Executive has started to bypass the legislative process in order to operate schemes. In such a situation, there needs to be greater accountability of the Executive to the Parliament and of the MP’s to the people.(Total Words- 240)
(Linkages : Parliament and Reactive Institution, Parliament and Nehru Era, Parliament and Indira Era, Parliament and Efficiency, Parliament and Need of Greater Accountability)