What is E-sansad?
It is a program under Digital India (e-Kranti - Electronic Delivery of
Services). e-Sansad has a state counterpart as e-Vidhan. This project plans to
digitise all Parliament documents. Union Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA)
is the Nodal Ministry for implementation of both the projects. This is also in
consonance with Go Green Initiative, which will further limit cutting of trees
for making paper. The project will also help in fulfilling the commitments
towards Paris Climate Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals as going
paperless is directly related with Environment Protection.
Benefits of e-Sansad project
Takes Less space and further storage requirements are reduced. This project
will help in moving towards effective delivery of Goods and services through e-
Governance mechanism. E-sansad project will ensure transparency and
accountability in the Governance Mechanism and a forward step towards a welfare
oriented and citizen centric Democracy.
What is e-Governance?
e-Governance is, the application of Information and Communications Technology
to government functioning to create ‘Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and
Transparent’ (SMART) governance. e-Governance facilitates interaction between
different stake holders in governance. The aim of e-Governance under the
National e-Governance Programme is reaching out to villages in the shortest
time, with minimum cost and maximum transparency.
Govt has started Digital Vans for promoting awareness towards E- Governance.
These digital vans are equipped with Internet and audio-visual facilities. It is
an initiative of the Department of Electronics and Information Technology, and
will be implemented by the National e-Governance Division. To increase awareness
among people, especially youth, about various e-governance services in rural and
semi-urban areas. To reach out to rural citizens for MyGov, digital locker,
Aadhaar and other digital services.
The experiences in e-governance, can be replicated in e-learning, e-health,
e-commerce as well.
with the success of e-Sansad project
Some States have adopted automation still huge amount of Paper is being
consumed in state departments. So behaviour change is the issue.
How digital/e- Literacy can limit the success of
Projects like e-Sansad and e- Vidhan?
In simple words digital literacy is the skillset which facilitates the use of
devices like smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop PCs. People in India are
lacking in terms of either devices or the skillset. And majority of rural India
is lacking in Both aspect, as approximately 30% of Indian population living
below poverty line. Since majority of Rural Population don’t know English while
most of the content in the internet is in English this further limits their
accessibility to various electronic services.
What are the various issues with Internet
Penetration in India and how they affect e-delivery of services?
Latest TRAI (Telecom Regulatory of India) Report, which is one of the most
authentic report, stated that Internet penetration in India is very low. In
India 28.77 Internet subscribers per 100 population use internet. Thus, the
question arises if such a huge population is not digitally literate then how
Digital India can prove to be successful.
How Digital Divide is an impediment in Implementing
e- Governance in India?
In India Internet connections are unevenly distributed. According to the TRAI
report urban India has 61.9 Internet subscriptions per 100 people, while rural
India gets by with just 13.7. Delhi alone has 2.2 crore Internet connections,
whereas the entire North East has just 4.3 lakh. This shows the widespread
regional disparity as well as Rural- urban Divide in terms of Internet
Limited success of Digital India Campaign
Govt steps taken in the direction of Digital India are not effective enough.
MyGov.in as a platform for citizen engagement in governance, has remained a
limited success. Other initiatives like eSign framework which allow citizens to
digitally sign a document online using Aadhaar authentication has not seen
What are the various other initiative for the
Aim of Digital India is Spreading of information without barriers. 'Digital
India' program envisages that by the year 2019, the 250,000 Indian villages will
enjoy broadband connectivity, and, universal phone connectivity. This programme
has been envisaged by Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY).
Digital India focuses on nine pillars of growth, e-governance: Reforming
Government through Technology, namely Broadband Highways, Universal Access to
Mobile connectivity, e-Kranti-Electronic Delivery of Services, Public Internet
Access Programme, Information for All, Electronics Manufacturing, IT for Jobs
and Early Harvest Programmes.
It is in line with the vision of Digital India. Components of Digital Village
are Providing Tele Medicine services, Tele Education, Skill Development.
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)
Aim of ‘Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan’ is to make 6 crore
rural households digitally literate by March 2019. If implemented successfully
it is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the
world. The implementation of the scheme would be carried out under the overall
supervision of Ministry of Electronics and IT in active collaboration with
State/UTs through their designated State Implementing Agencies, District
e-Governance Society (DeGS), etc.
We must focus on digital literacy and leverage technical skills to reap the
benefits out of an increasingly global, digital and innovation-driven economy
and to ensure the success of projects like e-sansad.
Which of the following statement about e-Snasad and e-
Vidhan are correct?
- Union Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the Nodal Ministry for
implementation of both the projects.
- It is a program under Digital India.
- The project will also help in fulfilling the commitments towards Paris
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
A. 1&2 Only
B. 2&3 Only
C. 1&3 Only
D. All of the above.
What is E-sansad? What are the benefits of this project and what are the
challenges thereof? Mention the various initiatives taken by Government to
ensure effective e-Governance? (15 Marks)