Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 04 July 2019
Home ministry claims over 20cr crime datas available in CCTNS
Government today said over 20 crore records of crime and
criminals are available at national level. The record are available on Crime
and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems, CCTNS.
Minister of State for Home Affairs, G. Kishan Reddy said this in
a written reply in RajyaSabha.
He said, the Ministry has implemented CCTNS to facilitate police
in States and Union Territories with a common platform for filing reports,
collecting and sharing information on crimes and criminals at national level.
Mr Reddy said, against the target of covering 14 thousand 306
police stations, a total of 14 thousand 874 police stations have been covered in
CCTNS including some new police stations.
The Minister said, 35 States and UTs except Sikkim have already
launched their State Citizen Portals under CCTNS providing citizen centric
police services, including online filing of complaints, obtaining status of
complaints, copies of FIRs and viewing details of arrested persons.
Centre says it has brought in high level of transparency in
Law and Justice Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad today asserted
that government has taken several measures to ensure transparency in
political funding and stressed on the need to take further step to free
election from the pressure of money power.
Replying to a short duration discussion in RajyaSabha on
electoral reforms, Mr Prasad said government is of the view that there should
not be pressure of money power in the election system.
He also said the time has come for One Nation, One Election in
the country and there must be an open-minded discussion on this idea.
He highlighted the loopholes due to continuous elections and how
developmental work is being hampered.
The Minister also rejected opposition allegations and doubts
with regard to EVMs wondering why they do not have any issues when they win
elections through this system.
He said the opposition should accept their defeat in the
LokSabha elections and they should not insult the verdict of the people by
Initiating the discussion earlier, Derek O’ Brien of Trinamool
Congress said there is a need to take steps and bring amendments in the existing
law related to appointment of Election Commissioners.
On the issue of One Nation, One Election, Mr O’ Brien said
government should take every party on board before moving forward in this
direction. He also raised the issue of EVMs and misuse of data during elections.
Finance ministry claims demonetisation had no effect of economy
India still continues to be the fastest growing economy and
demonetisation has had no effect on the Indian economy, Finance Minister
NirmalaSitharaman told the RajyaSabha on July 2.
The Minister, while responding to supplementaries during the
Question Hour, said the manufacturing sector has had a certain fall, but it is
not attributable to demonetisation.
She said economic growth is high on the agenda of the government
and various reforms are being undertaken in many spheres to improve GDP growth.
The Minister said as regards steps taken, the government has
taken several steps in order that more money goes to people and that is why the
PM’s KisanSammanYojna, the Pension Yojna, where money goes directly through
Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) into the people’s hands, are activities through
which people are getting the benefit.
Along with this, the government has launched voluntary pension
scheme for small and marginal farmers and small shopkeepers or retail traders,
To give focused attention to issues of growth, Government has
constituted a five-member Cabinet committee on investment and growth chaired by
Centre hike MSP marginally for Kharif crops
The Centre has hiked the minimum support price (MSP) for
paddy by less than 4% to Rs. 1,815 per quintal for the 2019-20 season. The
Rs. 65 per quintal increase is much lower than last year’s hike of Rs. 200
per quintal, but it will ensure that the MSP remains exactly 50% above the
cost of production, not including land costs.
The decision was taken by the Cabinet Committee on Economic
Affairs on Tuesday. MSPs were hiked for 14 major crops of the kharif or summer
season, to ensure they remain at a level that is 1.5 times the cost of
The only commodities with MSP that will ensure a higher than 50%
return over input costs are bajra (85%), urad (64%) and tur dal (60%). However,
even for these crops, returns are lower than last year.
Farmers groups pointed out that MSPs do not actually help the
farmer unless procurement can be increased.
“What is the rationale of symbolically increasing prices when
paddy is being sold at 40% lower rates in the mandi?” asked V.M. Singh, convenor
of the All India KisanSangharsh Coordination Committee, a platform of more than
200 farmers groups.
He noted that paddy was sold at Rs. 1,100-1,200 per quintal in
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar last year when the official MSP was Rs. 1,750 per
U.S senates passes legislation to give India status of NATO
The United States Senate has passed a legislative provision
that brings India at par with America's NATO allies and countries like
Israel and South Korea for increasing defence cooperation.
The National Defense Authorisation Act or NDAA for the fiscal
year 2020, was introduced by Senate India Caucus Co-Chair Senator John Cornyn
with the support of Senate India Caucus Co-Chair Senator Mark Warner. The
proposal was passed by the Senate last week.
The amendment provides for increased US-India defence
cooperation in the Indian Ocean in areas of humanitarian assistance,
counter-terrorism, counter-piracy and maritime security.
Last week, House India Caucus Co-Chair Brad Sherman, along with
other Congressmen including Raja Krishnamoorthi introduced a similar legislative
proposal to the House, FY2020 NDAA that would greatly enhance the US-India
The bill would be signed into law after both chambers of the US
Congress pass it. The House is expected to take up its version of the NDAA this
month before legislators adjourn for the August recess.
Indian govt.confirms no proposal to end trade with Iran as of
Indicating that there is still some confusion in India’s
position on stopping oil imports from Iran in line with sanctions by the
United States, the government said on Wednesday that it does not propose to
cancel trade, including oil imports, from Iran.
Mr.MuraleedharanMoS external affairs said, “India’s bilateral
relations with Iran stand on their own and are not influenced by India’s
relations with any third country.”
The MEA’s answer reflects India’s traditional position but is at
considerable variance from the stand taken last week at the G20, when Prime
Minister NarendraModi reportedly told U.S. President Donald Trump that New Delhi
had, in fact, reduced its intake of Iranian oil, in accordance with Washington’s
request to “zero out” Iranian oil imports after May 2.
“Prime Minister [Modi] pointed out that although Iran supplies
11% of our energy, India had reduced oil imports from Iran despite the effect it
had on the Indian economy, [and] we had been able to sustain this position,”
Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale said at a press conference after the India-U.S.
When asked about the differing positions, a senior government
official said the Ministry of Petroleum could confirm that levels of Iranian oil
imports had, in fact dropped, but that the decision to reduce oil imports was
based on “commercial considerations and national interest”.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Coastal research centre’s proposal for artificial coral reefs
The National Centre for Coastal Research’s (NCCR) proposal
of dropping ‘melted plastic rocks or slabs’ on the seabed for growing coral
reefs and address the problem of disposal of plastic waste drew flak from
the Gulf ofMannar Marine National Park, which has been implementing coral
rehabilitation programme since 2002.
Officials and scientists involved in marine research expressed
apprehensions that the NCCR’s ‘innovative idea’ for the growth of marine
organisms like algae for coral reefs building would destroy the existing coral
reef colonies, and opposed use of the GoM region for field tests.
The NCCR had also suggested that plastic waste materials could
simply be wound around as hard substrates as a way of disposing of them and help
build coral colonies. The research institute preferred the GoM region, one of
the four coral reef areas in the country, for field testing the ideas.
Scientists, preferring anonymity, said worn out tyres were tried
as artificial reefs in Florida and Costa Rica, but they turned out to be
disastrous. The clustered old tyres initially attracted many marine organisms
but they later collapsed and littered beaches.
Officials in the GoM Marine National Park said they had not
received any communication from the NCCR for field tests. Any test, study or
research would be allowed only with the permission of the Principal Chief
Conservator of Forests, they said.
Sports ministry announces diet budgetary for athletes
The move will impact 12,500 athletes training in various
centres of the Sports Authority of India (SAI) and the Sports Ministry will
release an additional amount of 150 crore rupees annually to fund the new
Earlier, the diet budget for SAI trainees was 250 rupees. For
junior athletes, the diet budget was 480 rupees and for senior athletes, it was
690 rupees. But the Sports Minister decided to make the amounts equal.
While having a meal at the athletes' mess of the National
Institute of Sports in Patiala, the Minister noticed different diets being
served to senior and junior athletes and SAI trainees as the food budget for
each section was different.
He thought the budget cannot be the deciding factor while
planning an athlete's diet since diet is key to the success of a sportsperson.
The Minister also announced that supplements required by athletes, as per preion,
will also be made available without delay.
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