CJI denies plans to use AI for decision making in courts
Chief Justice of India SA Bobde has said that there is no
plan to use Artificial Intelligence in the decision-making process in the
Justice Bobde said, there is no move to substitute the judicial
decision-making process of the human mind. He made this clarification after the
former chief justice of India RM Lodha expressed concern about the use of
Artificial Intelligence at a programme in Nagpur.
Justice Lodha in his speech said the idea using Artificial
Intelligence is good and may help significantly in the management of cases in
courts and discharge of judicial functions.
However, he said, like other technological innovations such use
may have potentially negative implications. His request to the CJI was that all
pros and cons must be carefully weighed before Artificial Intelligence is used
in judicial decision-making.
NCPCR issues directions over misuse of children during protests
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)
has issued advisory to the Directors General of Police of all States
regarding the use of children in unlawful activities like stone-pelting
during the protests in various States against the amended Citizenship Act.
The NCPCR said, it has come to Commission's notice that certain
groups of protesters are involving children in unlawful activities like
stone-pelting and other violent acts during the protests.
The Commission said that such use of children prima facie
amounts to a violation of the right of children under provisions of Juvenile
Justice (Care and Protection) Act 2015.
The Act states that any adult or an adult group uses children
for illegal activities either individually or as a gang shall be liable for
rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall also
be liable for a fine of five lakh rupees.
Govt. lists out initiatives taken to improve ease of doing
The Corporate Affairs Ministry has taken several initiatives
for providing Ease of Doing Business to law-abiding corporates.
This is in pursuance of the objective of providing greater Ease
of Doing Business, bring about greater transparency in corporate structure and
fostering better corporate compliance to enhance the efficiency of the process
under the Companies Act of 2013.
They include the creation of an institution of a robust
Insolvency and Bankruptcy framework. India has improved its ranking on the World
Bank’s Doing Business 2020 report moving up 14 positions to 63rd position as
compared to 77th position in 2018.
India’s leap of 14 ranks in the Ease of Doing Business ranking
is significant considering that there has been a continuous improvement since
2015 and for the third consecutive year India is amongst the top 10 improvers.
The Ministry has contributed towards insolvency resolution.
India’s ranking jumped 56 places to 52 in 2019 from 108 in 2018. Recovery rate
increased from 26.5 per cent in 2018 to 71.6 per cent in 2019.
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019
was introduced in the LokSabha on 12th of December, 2019.
Coal ministry to promote environmentally sustainable coal
Coal Ministry has decided to establish a Sustainable
Development Cell, SDC, to promote environmentally sustainable coal mining in
the country. It will address environmental concerns during the
decommissioning or closure of mines.
The move gains significance as the new private entities are now
going to form a significant part of the future.
The Cell will advise, mentor, plan and monitor the mitigation
measures taken by the coal companies for maximizing the utilization of available
resources in a sustainable way, minimizing the adverse impact of mining and
mitigating it for further eco-system services.
It will also formulate the future policy framework for the
environmental mitigation measures including the Mine closure Fund.
The Sustainable Development Cell envisages to address the
environmental mitigation measures in a systemic manner and to provide a better
environment to people working and residing in the vicinity of Mines.
U.S warns Iran if its interests are harmed in Iraq
After a series of rocket attacks on Iraqi bases, Secretary
of State Mike Pompeo yesterday warned Iran of a decisive response if United
States interests are harmed in Iraq.
US has expressed mounting concern about the flurry of attacks on
Iraqi bases used by US troops. Two rocket attacks this week targeted a compound
near Baghdad International Airport, which houses US troops.
Pompeo said Iran must respect the sovereignty of its neighbours
and immediately cease its provision of lethal aid and support to third parties
in Iraq and throughout the region. Pompeo pinned the blame for the latest
attacks directly on Iran's proxies.
Trump administration, which is close to Iran's adversaries Saudi
Arabia and Israel, has been trying to counter Tehran's influence around the
region, including through sanctions aimed at blocking all its oil exports.
The US last week imposed sanctions on three leaders of the
Shiite paramilitary force Hashed al-Shaabi, accusing them of taking part in the
deadly crackdown on nationwide protests.
Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi, a close ally of Iran who
also enjoyed cordial relations with the United States, resigned after the two
months of demonstrations in which around 460 people have died.
Madrid climate talks concludes without any carbon market deal
Marathon International climate talks closed today, with
negotiators postponing until next year a key decision on global carbon
After two weeks of negotiations on tackling global warming,
delegates from almost 200 nations passed declarations calling for greater
ambition in cutting planet-heating greenhouse gases and in helping poor
countries suffering the effects of climate change.
But despite holding the longest climate talks ever in 25 nearly
annual editions, they left one of the thorniest issues for the next summit in
Glasgow, in a year's time.
Environmental groups and activists accused the world's richer
countries of showing little commitment to seriously tackling climate change.
The talks have been accompanied at times by angry protests from
indigenous and environmental groups, both inside and outside the venue.
The demonstrations reflected growing frustration, particularly
among young people, at the slow pace of government efforts to curb climate
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Haryana comes out with unique barcoding software to store
The Haryana Police Department has adopted a unique barcoding
software. The software is used to ensure that 1000s of digital forensic
reports are stored safe and secure. It offers a foolproof security to the
samples collected from the crime scene.
In conventional methods, the crime exhibits like parcels or
samples are labeled with details like FIR number, names and addresses of victim,
medical officers and accused.
The crime exhibits include documents, DNA samples, serology,
toxicology or biology examinations, lie detections, etc. These exhibits are easy
to track and trace as they are stored on FIR number and are available to be
tracked virtually by anyone.
The Software features two stages of bar coding to maintain the
secrecy of the samples. The samples and reports are sent through biometrically
The cases are allocated to the biotechnology experts through
automated case allocation. Therefore, the experts will not know about the
details of the case or the names associated with case.
The software is android based and has been prepared in an
application format. Therefore, usage becomes simple. It can be well integrated
with the judicial system and doing so will help reduce time lags. Above all, the
system helps in reducing malpractices greatly.
India loses to Sweden in U-17 Women’s football
The India U-17 women's team began the three-nation football
tournament on a disastrous note, going down 0-3 to Sweden in the opening
match at the Mumbai Football Arena today.
For Sweden, MaltidaVinberg in 4th minute, Ida Weindenberg in
25th minute and Monica Jusu Bah in 91th minute scored a goal each as they
exposed the weaknesses of the Indian team.India will next take on Thailand in
the competition on Tuesday.