SC issues directive on child right protection in parental conflict cases
A proactive step need to be taken to focus on child rights,
specifically in cases of parental conflict, the Supreme Court has
The rights of children caught in the middle of an ugly divorce or
a custody battle between parents need specific articulation.
Divorce and custody battles are a quagmire and it is
heart-wrenching to see an innocent child ultimately suffer for the legal and
psychological war waged between the parents, the Supreme Court has observed.
Justice Rastogi, who wrote the judgment, said the courts and
judges could be able to resolve the legal problems of the parents, grant
them divorce and send them on their separate ways. But what would become of
the psychological harm caused to child who has witnessed the ugliness
between the parents.
Everybody is working for the “best interests” of the child, but
they seldom understand what they are in fact. The judge paints the portrait
of the child’s helplessness.
“While the ‘best-interests’ principle requires that the primary
focus be on the interests of the child, the child ordinarily does not define
those interests himself or does he have representation in the ordinary
sense,” Justice Rastogi wrote.
Hence, for the sake of a child’s future relationship with each of
his parents, a negotiated settlement is much better than an order imposed by
a court after adversarial proceedings.
Social media giants submit voluntary code of ethics
The Social Media Platforms and Internet and Mobile Association of
India (IAMAI), today presented a “Voluntary Code of Ethics for the General
Election 2019” to Chief Election Commissioner Shri Sunil Arora .
The Code of Ethics has been developed as a follow up to the
yesterday’s meeting with IAMAI and representatives of Social Media Platforms
including Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Google, ShareChat and TikTok etc.
Chief Election Commissioner Shri Sunil Arora while appreciating
the steps taken, said that formulation of the Code augurs a good beginning
but is essentially, a work in making. He said the Participants need to
follow in letter and spirit the commitments made in the Code of Ethics.
The Platforms have committed to process any violations reported
under Section 126 of RP Act, 1951 within three hours as per Sinha Committee
The Platforms have also agreed to create a high priority dedicated
reporting mechanism for the ECI and appoint dedicated teams during the
period of General Elections for taking expeditious action on any reported
violations. Participants have also agreed to provide a mechanism for
political advertisers to submit pre-certified advertisements issued by Media
Certification and Monitoring Committee.
The Code of Ethics also promises to facilitate transparency in
paid political advertisements. IAMAI has agreed to coordinate with
participants various steps mentioned in this code. Participants have also
committed to voluntarily undertake voter awareness campaigns.
The ‘Code of Ethics” has been developed to ensure free, fair &
ethical usage of Social Media Platforms to maintain the integrity of the
electoral process for the General Elections 2019. The Code voluntarily
agreed upon by the Participants comes into operation with immediate effect.
NCLAT declares statutory liabilities as operational debt
The NCLAT on Wednesday held that statutory liability, including
income tax and value-added tax dues of debt-ridden companies are
‘operational debt’, which would now allow the departments concerned to be
treated as operational creditors.
A two-member NCLAT bench headed by Chairman Justice S.J.
Mukhopadhaya held that Central or State Tax Departments such as Income Tax
Department, Sales Tax Departments and Local Authority, entitled for dues are
‘operational creditors’ under the Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code.]
“We hold that all statutory dues including income tax, Value Added
Tax etc., come within the meaning of operational debt.
For the said very reason, we also hold that income tax department
of the central government and the sales tax departments of the state
governments and local authority, which are entitled for dues arising out of
the existing law are ‘operational creditors’ within the meaning of Section
5(20) of the IBC,” the NCLAT said.
Finance commission discusses issues of climate change ,environment'
As per the terms of reference of the Fifteenth Finance Commission
“The Commission may consider proposing measurable performance-based
incentives for States, at the appropriate level of government, in following
areas (i) Achievements in implementation of flagship schemes of Government
of India, disaster resilient infrastructure, sustainable development goals,
and quality of expenditure; (ii) Progress made in sanitation, solid waste
managementand bringing in behavioural change to end open defecation.”
In this regard, the Commission headed by its Chairman, Shri N. K.
Singh and including its Members, held a detailed discussion with the senior
officials of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
Discussions were held on the proposed formula for Forest Sector
Based Tax Devolution along with a proposed catchment area treatment and
forest restoration grant.
The meeting also discussed in detail the proposed recommendations
for environment (pollution sector) and the proposed pollution abatement
performance grant along with proposed formula for the purpose.
The recommendations for climate change under the NDC Goal 5 were
also discussed in the meeting. The Commission considered the proposed
formula for climate change ( NDC Goal 5 Grant) and the possibilities of
climate change grant conditionality.
Now Germany moves to designate Azhar as global terrorist
Germany has initiated a move at the European Union to designate
Jaish-e-Mohammed chief MasoodAzhar as a global terrorist, days after China
blocked a bid at the United Nations to ban him.
According to diplomatic sources, Germany was in touch with several
member-nations of the European Union to list Azhar as a terrorist which will
result in his travel ban as well as the freezing of his assets in the
They said on Wednesday that all 28 member-countries of the
European Union will have to support the move to ban the Pakistan-based
terrorist as the bloc decides on such issues under the principle of
The proposal to designate Azhar under the 1267 al-Qaeda Sanctions
Committee of the UNSC was moved by France, the UK and the US, in the wake of
the Pulwama terror attack in which 40 CRPF personnel were killed. JeM had
claimed responsibility for the Pulwama attack.
New President takes charge in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan’s new interim President was sworn in on Wednesday
following the shock resignation of the country’s long-time ruler, and in his
first official act renamed the capital after his predecessor.
Kassym-JomartTokayev took office in less than 24 hours after
NursultanNazarbayev, the only leader an independent Kazakhstan had ever
known, suddenly announced resignation.
Mr. Tokayev immediately proposed changing the name of the Central
Asian nation’s capital from Astana to Nursultan, or ‘Sultan of Light’ in
Kazakh, and Parliament approved the change within hours.
The Senate also appointed Mr. Nazarbayev’s eldest daughter
DarigaNazarbayeva as Speaker, setting her up as a potential contender to
succeed her father.
Mr. Tokayev, 65, will serve out the rest of Mr. Nazarbayev’s
mandate until election due in April next year, though the former President
retains significant powers in the country he ruled for nearly three decades.
Mr. Tokayev told lawmakers that Mr. Nazarbayev had “shown wisdom”
by deciding to step down, a rare move in ex-Soviet Central Asia where other
leaders have stayed in power until death.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
TB elimination could be a distant dream for India says report
Of the 10 million new tuberculosis (TB) cases reported globally in
2017 by the World Health Organisation, 2.74 million were from India, showing
a marginal reduction from 2.79 million in 2016. Despite TB incidence in the
country being 204 cases per 1,00,000 in 2017, the government has set a
highly ambitious target of “eliminating TB by 2025”, five years ahead of the
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) target.
But according to The Lancet Global Health article based on
modelling for three high-burden countries, including India, compared with
2015 data, 57% reduction in incidence and 72% reduction in mortality will
been seen only by 2035.
India has now undertaken case-ﬁnding campaigns to cut the
transmission cycle. So far 144 million people at risk of the disease in 447
districts have been screened and more than 50,000 new cases have been
detected, Mr. Nadda writes.
According to the article, 10% of individuals with TB die or
self-cure before presenting for care. According to the survey in Gujarat,
40% of those bacteriologically tested positive for TB had not sought care.
Patient delay before first presentation for care is 4.1 months.
Even initiation of treatment after diagnosis happens after 2.1
days. The proportion of people with TB completing treatment is 85%. But it
says systematic efforts to screen high-risk populations have already begun
Funding for the national TB control programme is encouraging,
there is political will and the programme mentions all the correct
initiatives to bring the disease under control. “Only accountability will
allow course correction if things are not going well,” Dr. Krishnan said.
Indian shuttlers get into BWF badminton rankings
Young Indian shuttlersLakshyaSen and RiyaMookerjee today broke
into the top-100 among Men’s and Women’s singles players in the latest World
Badminton Rankings. Making a massive jump of 28 places, LakshyaSen is placed
RiyaMookerjee climbed up 19 spots to be placed 94th. In the
women's singles rankings, P V Sindhu and SainaNehwal are static with Sindhu
at sixth and Saina at ninth position.