Union Cabinet approves conduct of Census of India 2021 and
updation of National Population Register. Cabinet approved expenditure of
over 8 thousand 754 crore rupees for the exercise of Census of India 2021
and over 3 thousand 941 crore rupees for updation of National Population
Register. The next decennial Census is due in 2021 and would be conducted in
The House listing and Housing Census will be carried out from
April to September, 2020 and Population Enumeration from 9th February to 28th
Briefing reporters after the meeting, Union Minister
PrakashJavadekar said that Census exercise will be done by using App based
technology to make it more easier. He assured that no proof, document or
biometric will be taken during the process of NPR from the people.
He said, the NDA government trusts the people and whatever the
people will say, the government will accept it. He clarified that NPR has
nothing to do with National Register of Citizens.
The minister also said that all the states have already accepted
to do NPR and their officers are being trained. He said census is held every 10
years and NPR was started during the UPA government in 2010.
Prime Minister NarendraModi will launch AtalBhujalYojana in
New Delhi today. The Central Government scheme will promote Panchayat led
ground water management and behavioural changes with primary focus on demand
Union Cabinet approved the 6,000 crore rupees scheme at a
meeting yesterday. Information and Broadcasting Minister PrakashJavadekar said,
the scheme will be implemented over a period of 5 years in identified areas in
Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar
Pradesh. He said, the scheme will boost the income of farmers.
AIR correspondent reports that ground water contributes to
nearly 65 per cent of total irrigated area of the country and nearly 85 per cent
of the rural drinking water supply.
The limited ground water resources in the country are under
threat due to the increasing demands of growing population, urbanization and
industrialization. AtalBhujalYojana has two major components.
One is strengthening institutional arrangements for sustainable
ground water management in the States including improving monitoring networks,
capacity building and strengthening of Water User Associations. Second is
incentivising the States for achievements in improved groundwater management
The scheme will result in efficient use of available ground
water resources with emphasis on demand side measures like micro-irrigation,
crop diversification and electricity feeder separation. It will also contribute
towards the goal of doubling the farmers' income.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has extended supervision to
auditors, banks and rating companies to prevent defaults and ensure broader
It has taken steps to strengthen the supervision of NBFCs,
rating companies and auditors, which will ensure that these functions are
carried out in a focused manner.
There are 276 deposit-taking NBFCs with asset size of more than
Rs 500 crore that face greater on-site and off-site monitoring, and together
they account for 85% of the sector’s assets.
In the past, RBI had proposed to integrate certain functions of
supervisory departments to understand the systemic linkage between banks and
NBFCs, and their interconnectedness, to enable holistic understanding of
systemic risks, linkages, contagion and risk build-up across entities.
The Finance Bill 2019, through amendments in the RBI Act, 1934,
conferred powers on the RBI to bolster governance of NBFCs. “These measures are
geared toward allaying investors’ apprehensions and aiding NBFCs in performing
their role better,” said RBI. “Going forward, the RBI will continue to maintain
constant vigil over NBFCs & take necessary steps to ensure overall financial
Social sector has pitched for an increase in spending on
health, education and rural India with focus on better delivery and a tax
holiday for skills development programmes.
At a pre-budget consultation with minister for state for finance
Anurag Thakur on Monday, representatives from health, education and rural
development sectors stressed on improving efficiency in delivery of health
services, improving learning outcomes at primary level while making secondary
and higher level education affordable and introducing reforms related to pension
and social protections for the weaker sections.
The focus of government should be on public investment in social
sector, gender equality with bottoms up methodology and it should look at ways
to boost economic and social infrastructure of rural sector besides ways to
eradicate unemployment and poverty through development of agriculture and allied
sector as well as nonfarm sector.
Representatives from rural sanitation and hygiene needs to be
scaled up while the government should provide sustainable solutions to water
scarcity, said experts and other representatives from water and sanitation
Discussions also took place on removing disparities in accessing
sanitation and quality of water, while suggestions were made on decentralisation
of waste management system, focus on waste conservation and having a bottom’s up
approach, for effective implementation of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
India and Oman signed a Maritime Transport Agreement on
Tuesday during the visit of foreign minister S Jaishankar to the Sultanate.
The pact – the first with any Gulf country – enables India to expand its
footprint in the western Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf and east Africa.
Additionally, in a significant development that will have a
far-reaching impact on stability in the Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz and
India’s interests in the region, the Jaishankar met his counterparts from Oman
and Iran for lunch in Muscat on Tuesday for what can be described as the first
trilateral of sorts.
Oman, India’s oldest strategic partner in the Gulf, seeks to
emerge as a hub for India for eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean Region,
furthering New Delhi’s Indo-Pacific strategy. Jaishankar met Omani ministers
including his counterpart Yousuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah, deputy PM Sayyid Fahd
bin Mahmoud Al Said and defence minister Bader Bin Saud Bin Harib Al Busaidi.
Oman and India are linked by geography, history and culture. The
two countries enjoy warm and cordial relations attributed to historical maritime
trade linkages and close links of Oman’s royal family with India.
Investment flows between Oman and India have increased and have
been robust, as reflected in numerous joint ventures, established in both
countries, with total investment estimated at $7.5 billion. There are over 3,200
Indian enterprises and establishments in Oman and 400 flights a week between the
With over 1.35 lakh scientific papers published, India has
become the world's third largest publisher of science and engineering
articles, according to a US government agency data, topped by China.
As per the statistics compiled by the US National Science
Foundation (NSF), the number of scientific papers published worldwide increased
from 1,755,850 in 2008 to 2,555,959 in 2018.
The global research output, as measured by peer-reviewed science
and engineering (S&E) journal articles and conference papers, grew about four
per cent annually over the last 10 years.
The data, which was released on Tuesday, stated that in 2008,
India published 48,998 science and engineering articles. This increased to
1,35,788 articles in 2018 at an average annual growth rate of 10.73 per cent and
the country now accounts for 5.31 per cent of the total world publications in
science and engineering.
China, which accounts for 20.67 per cent of all global
publications in scientific articles, is at the top position, followed by the US
at 16.54 per cent.
According to the report, China's rate of research output has
grown almost twice as fast as the world's annual average for the last 10 years,
while the output of the US and the European Union (EU) has grown at less than
half the world's annual growth rate.
Research papers from the US and the EU continue to have the most
impact; however, China has shown a rapid increase in producing impactful
publications, as measured by references to journal articles and conference
Specialisation in scientific fields differs among countries,
with the US, the EU and Japan more specialised in health sciences and China and
India more specialised in engineering, as measured by journal articles and