At a time when several states are opposing the Citizenship
Amendment Act (CAA) and National Population Register (NPR), official data
shows that the Union home ministry’s budget for laws such as Citizenship Act
and Foreigners Act has declined over the years as several state governments
have not been fully utilising the central funds.
In this financial year, for instance, just Rs 9 crore was
earmarked for payments to states for administration of central laws out of a
total budget of Rs 882.36 crore under the major head of grant in aid to states
and Union Territories.
States are empowered to detain and deport foreign nationals
staying illegally, set up detention centres to hold declared foreigners and
carry out registration and surveillance of foreigners.
Home ministry officials told ET that they have been sending
regular reminders to states and UTs to claim their expenditure incurred on
implementation of central laws such as Citizenship Act.
The Assam government has set up six detention centres so far,
with aid from the home ministry, that will hold “declared foreigners”.
The government has proposed to make BS VI emission norms
mandatory for quadricycles from April 1, 2020, an official said.Currently,
quadricycles are covered under Bharat Stage IV emission norms.
The BS VI emission norms are in line with European
standards.Various testing, including those related to durability, would be as
per Europe quadricycle norms, the official said.
Proposed emission limits in BS VI are in line with Euro 5 mass
emission guidelines which will be applicable from January 1, 2020 in Europe, the
Threshold limits for emission pollutants, conformity of
production (CoP) frequency and sampling plan have been proposed.
The official said the government is soliciting comments and
suggestion on the draft notification before finalising it.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and
National Physical Laboratory (NPL) developed an ink to combat the problem of
fake printing of passports and counterfeiting of currency notes. The ink has
a new security feature of protecting itself against duplicity.
The ink was produced based on single excitable dual emissive
luminescent pigment. It was developed based on the concept of fluorescence and
phosphorescence phenomena. Currently, the currency notes display only one color
with the emission of wavelength.
However, in the ink developed by the scientists features changes
in pigment color after the notes are printed. In ambient light the ink shows
When the ink is exposed to UV light, it turns red and when the
UV source is switched OFF it turns green.
Both in phosphorescence and fluorescence the radiation is
electromagnetic and is spontaneous. In case of fluorescence, the radiation stops
after thesource is switched off. On the other hand, in phosphorescence, the glow
continues for few hours.
According to the annual report of RBI (2018-19), the risk of
duplication of Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes are higher. The report says that
recently launched 500 rupees notes are accounted to 121% of duplication and Rs
2000 notes are accounted to 21.9% duplication.