THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 02 December 2019 (Her freedoms (Indian Express))

Her freedoms (Indian Express)

Mains Paper 1: Society
Prelims level : Not much
Mains level : Rising of sexual violence on women

Context:

  • For the larger society, the violence is a reminder to continue the difficult conversation about power and patriarchy, to not just train girls in self-defence but to teach boys empathy.

Background:

  • The gang rape of the law student in Ranchi and the grisly murder and assault of a 27-year-old vet in Hyderabad illustrate how streets and highways turn toxic against women even in a city:
  • How inexplicably often men inflict sexual violence on women as punishment.
  • Both incidents recall the horror of December 16, 2012, when a gang of men brutalised a paramedic on one such ordinary day.

Reason behind evolving insecurity among women:

  • A raft of legislation followed the upheaval in December from expanding the definition of rape to lowering the age at which juveniles could stand trial to increasing endorsement of the death penalty as punishment.
  • It is important to remember the rage which forced thousands of women to turn up in protest in Delhi then.
  • They did so to demand an acknowledgment of their near-universal experience of sexual abuse;
  • It has to reclaim the public space that is denied to them by the ruse of safety and self-protection.
  • Similar tactics will come into play for the women of Ranchi and Hyderabad.
  • Worried parents will stop them from going out at night; they will be told to shrink their lives into narrower and narrower circles to pre-empt the actions of possible assaulters.

Way ahead:

  • As more and more women turn out to work, study and simply occupy public and private spaces with assertion, both governments and the larger society must be forced to a reboot.
  • For law enforcement agencies, that means the culprits must be brought to book.
  • For the state governments, it implies that the push to make cities and towns safe for women’s mobility, their entertainment, their freedom to simply be becomes the priority.
  • For the larger society, the violence is a reminder to continue the difficult conversation about power and patriarchy, to not just train girls in self-defence but to teach boys empathy.

Conclusion:

Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the National Cancer Institute, AIIMS Jhajjar campus, consider the following statements:\
1. National Cancer Institute is the largest investment by the Government of India in a single hospital project.
2. The Linear Accelerator (LINAC) machines will help deliver precise high-energy x-rays or electrons to the region of the patient's tumor.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer:
Mains Questions:

Q.1) The continuing violence against women is a call for the state to act, reminder to continue conversation about power, patriarchy. Critically examine the statement.


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