Advancing BS-VI emission norms
Mains Paper 2: Governance
Prelims level: BS-VI emission norms
Mains level: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability
- On October 24, the Supreme Court banned the sale and registration
of vehicles conforming to Bharat Stage (BS)-IV emission standards across the
country, from April 1, 2020.
- It citing “alarming and critical” pollution levels.
- With this decision, vehicle makers will only be able to sell BS-VI
compliant vehicles from April 2020.
- However, BS-IV vehicles already sold will continue to ply.
When were emission standards introduced?
- In India, the first stage of mass emission norms came into force
for petrol vehicles in 1991 and for diesel vehicles in 1992.
- However, it was in 2000 that vehicles both passenger and
commercial met the Euro-I standards.
- The BS-II (equivalent to Euro-II standards) norms came into force
in 2001 and were implemented in a phased manner.
- When the BS-III was introduced, it paving the way for
implementation of BS-IV by April 2017.
What happened to BS-V?
- According to an earlier road map by the government, BS-V emission
norms were to come into effect by 2020-21, while BS-VI was to be implemented
- The drastic increase in air pollution levels, particularly in the
Delhi-NCR region, the government decided to leapfrog BS-V, while also
advancing the introduction of BS-VI emission norms to 2020.
- The implementation of BS-VI norms will bring Indian emission
regulations almost on a par with EU regulations.
Who gets impacted, and how?
- The Supreme Court order impacts both the industry and consumers.
- For the industry, the decision brings clarity on the timelines for
- The government had earlier proposed a grace period of three months
for manufacturers to sell BS-IV compliant passenger vehicles and six months
for buses and trucks that may remain unsold with the dealer or manufacturer
post April 1, 2020.
- The industry had also argued in court that since they were allowed
to manufacture BS-IV vehicles till March 31, 2020, they should be granted
reasonable time to sell that stock.
- An industry expert pointed out that manufacturers will need to
start manufacturing BS-VI complaint vehicles by February 2020, while phasing
out BS-IV compliant vehicles.
- The industry has pointed out that this advancement will lead to
shorter time for vehicle-testing and validation.
- The customers will get access to better technology and hopefully
better air. However, BS-VI compliant vehicles will be more expensive.
- According to research agency ICRA, the price of diesel cars is
expected to go up by about Rs. 75,000 compared to an increase of about Rs.
20,000 for petrol cars.
- The BS-VI fuel is also expected to cost more.
- For BS-VI compliant vehicles to comply, it will be critical that
the fuel of the desired specification be made available across the country
before the deadline.
- While it will be possible for BS-IV compliant cars to run smoothly
on BS-VI fuel, BS-VI vehicles will not be able to operate optimally on
Q.1) BS-VI emission norms for automobiles and auto fuel will be introduced
by which year?
Q.1) Why BS-VI emission norms are so important for India?
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