THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 17 June 2020 (University and Nation (Indian Express))

University and Nation (Indian Express)

Mains Paper 2:National
Prelims level:Atal Incubation Centre
Mains level: Steps towards developing education system in India among higher education institutions


  • Deep faith in education and the process of its acquisition has been an ancient practice in India, for that is the only way to happiness and prosperity.
  • As a prime centre of learning in India, JNU has in the last year taken significant steps to maintain symphony with the vision of the Indian government to become an enviable institution.
  • As the Union government introduced various schemes, especially under the Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya Mission on Teachers and Training, JNU launched several programmes to contribute towards this vision of India.

Accelerate the pace of research:

  • Through its Office of Research and Development, JNU encouraged and incentivised its various schools and special centres to participate in research and teaching and apply for projects, also of an interdisciplinary nature.
  • Many teachers have successfully acquired such projects from funding agencies both in the government and non-government sectors.
  • To facilitate interdisciplinary research,................



  • In its mission of self-reliance, which has been driving its policies for several years but celebrated recently under the COVID-19 pandemic, the Centre has been encouraging many indigenous programmes in the country’s health and security infrastructure through the Ayush ministry.
  • Recognising the potential in these areas, JNU has opened three new special centres and a degree programme.
  • The five-year BSC-MSc integrated .............................


Policy, research and training:

  • The Special Centre for North East Studies will fulfil the ambition of the central government to integrate the north-eastern regions of India with the rest of the country and to use the unique knowledge and skills of its people in various fields of research.
  • Two new special centres — studies in disaster research and national security — have already begun their work in collaboration with the home ministry and its nodal centre, the National Institute Disaster Management.
  • It provide platforms for policy, research and training in India’s disaster management programmes and security analysis.
  • For thousands of years, India has believed that “wisdom alleviatesmisery”.
  • Work towards India’s economic and scientific growth cannot be a luxury for any academic leader, it must be the dharma for us who have been tasked to impart training in the field of education and scientific research.


  • We are in constant discussion with JNU’s academic administrators to find solutions to any new problems that may present themselves.
  • JNU had already introduced paperless movement of administrative files, and during the pandemic, each member of the university has found it extremely easy to reach out to the administration through the e-Office.
  • The initiatives taken over the past year and more are aimed not only to facilitate high-level teaching and research but also to empower and skill our country’s youth to become a self-reliant, self-employed and self-sustaining human resource of our country.
  • These initiatives chime in with AtmaNirbhar Bharat, the latest clarion call by the Prime Minister.

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Prelims Questions:

Q1. Which of the following constitutes India’s foreign exchange reserves?
1. Gold
2. Special Drawing Rights in IMF
3. Reserve Tranche Position in IMF

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All the above

Answer: ............................................


Mains Questions:
Q1.  How JNU’s programs and initiatives ............................