A bridge across the Brahmaputra
Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level: Bogibeel bridge
Mains level: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
- Bogibeel, the longest rail-road bridge of India, spanning nearly
five-km across the Brahmaputra link Dibrugarh with North Lakhimpur district
of Assam and parts of eastern Arunachal Pradesh.
- Sixty eight years after being ravaged by a devastating earthquake
and the ensuing floods, Dibrugarh is reclaiming its lost glory.
- It used to be a thriving centre of the plantation industry during
the colonial times. For the people of the region, it remains a hub of higher
education and medical treatment.
- However, for decades, the only recourse for people to cross the
Brahmaputra would be to chug along for over an hour, in a diesel propelled
ferry, which would also carry their vehicles and goods, even cattle.
- Crossing the river could be a costlier proposition than flying
between Mumbai and Goa.
Major significance behind this bridge construction
- Commissioning the bridge has reduced the journey time across the
river to less than five minutes, bringing relief to people living in these
- The single biggest factor which has shackled the development of
the Northeast region is the absence of robust connectivity.
- It has the potential to infuse economic dynamism in the region and
provide opportunities for the expansion of tourism, industrial development
and trade. Bogibeel must be viewed alongside other infrastructure
developments in neighbouring Arunachal Pradesh.
- The iconic Bhupen Hazarika bridge over the Lohit river was
commissioned recently by the prime minister.
- A 7.5 km long bridge over the Dibang river was dedicated to the
nation a few days ago.
- The Trans Arunachal Highway, has seen considerable progress,
especially in the eastern part of the state.
- An airport has been commissioned at Pasighat, barely two hours
away from Dibrugarh.
- One of the most pristine parts of Arunachal Pradesh has now become
accessible to the rest of the world.
- This could give a fillip to tourism, given that the region has
abundant wildlife and is ideal for river rafting and angling.
- However, an imaginative roadmap of tourism development, promotion
and branding needs to be crafted, centred around the region’s tribal ethos.
- Dibrugarh lies at the heart of a crucial oil and gas axis in
Assam, given its proximity to Digboi and Duliajan oilfields.
- Further east lie the Kharsang gas fields and Kumchai oilfields of
- The district also has significant coal deposits.
- There are more than 200 tea factories in Dibrugarh.
- Commissioning of the bridge has raised the prospects of industrial
development and opportunities of productive employment for the youth,
especially in the mining and plantation sectors.
Improving geo-political relations and reaching to the natural resources
- Bogibeel is the gateway to the historic Stilwell Road, which
connects Ledo in Assam to Kunming in China, passing through Myanmar’s Kachin
state, via Arunachal Pradesh.
- The 1,800 km long route was used for transporting arms to the
Chinese by the Americans during World War II. Its revival for trade is well
within grasp now.
- The route could well become the centrepiece of the ambitious Act
- It would follow the Asian Highway (AH )14 and reach Kunming along
- The Chinese stretch has a six-lane highway, while the Indian side
in Arunachal Pradesh has a two-lane highway.
- Infrastructure in Myanmar, of course, would need to be
strengthened and the land customs station at Nampong in Arunachal Pradesh
- Trade could revitalise economic activity, in what is otherwise one
of the most backward parts of Arunachal Pradesh. From a strategic
standpoint, movement of troops has become a much quicker, efficient and
- The road beyond Dibrugarh leads to the frontier parts of Arunachal
Pradesh, with a fully functional advanced landing ground of Air Force at
Walong, barely 100 km from the Chinese border.
- This was a theatre of armed incursion in 1962. Now access to one
of the remotest border outposts in Anjaw has been made much easier.
- Bogibeel is poised to usher winds of change in this part of the
- However, the advantage of connectivity must be accompanied by an
imaginative blueprint of economic development, drawing upon the region’s
- The symbolism of Bogibeel goes well beyond the Brahmaputra.
Q.1) Shale gas is primarily found in which of the following rock systems?
1. Sedimentary rocks
2. Metamorphic rocks
3. Igneous rocks
Select the correct answer using the code given below
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Q.1) Why Bogibeel bridge is so important to upgrading infrastructure as well as
improving geo-political relations with neighboring countries?