Endosulfan: Environment for UPSC Exams

Environment for UPSC Exams

Endosulfan: Environment for UPSC Exams


  • It is a widely-banned pesticide with hazardous effects on human genetic and endocrine systems.
  • Endosulfan became a highly controversial agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, potential for bioaccumulation, and role as an endocrine disruptor. 
  • Because of its threats to human health and the environment, a global ban on the manufacture and use of endosulfan was negotiated under the Stockholm Convention in April 2011. 
  • The ban has taken effect in mid-2012, with certain uses exempted for five additional years.
  • More than 80 countries, including the European Union, Australia, New Zealand, and several West African nations, the United States, Brazil, and Canada had already banned it or announced phase-outs by the time the Stockholm Convention ban was agreed upon.
  • It is still used extensively in India, China, and few other countries. 
  • Although classified as a yellow label (highly toxic) pesticide by the Central Insecticides Board, India is one of the largest producers and the largest consumer of endosulfan in the world.
  • India will phase out all endosulfan use by 2017.

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