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(E-Admit Card) UPSC CAPF-AC Exam, 2022

(E- Admit Card) UPSC Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination, 2022

केन्द्रीय सशस्‍त्र पुलिस बल (सहायक कमांडेंट) परीक्षा, 2022

Exam Name: Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination (केन्द्रीय सशस्‍त्र पुलिस बल (सहायक कमांडेंट) परीक्षा)

Year: 2022

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(E-Book) UPSC CAPF (AC) Papers Download

केन्द्रीय सशस्त्र पुलिस बल (सहायक कमांडेंट) के लिये स्टडी किट

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(Book) India Yearbook 2021 By McGraw Hill Education

India Yearbook TMH 2021

Key Highlights

  • MUST-READ yearbook for all the three phases of the examination — Prelims, Main and Interview.
  • Current affairs from November 2019 onwards covered month-wise in a separate section.
  • Comprehensive information about Indian History, Geography, Polity, Constitution, States, International Relations, Foreign Policy, Environment, Geography, Media and Communication, Disaster Management etc.
  • Special focus on chapters related to Economic Survey, J&K and Ladakh Reorganisation, NRC, CAA, and pandemic times.
  • Pluck-out chart on Indian states at the back with latest updates.

Book Details:

  • Medium: English
  • Price : 338/-
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill; First edition (10 January 2021)
  • Paperback : 632 pages
  • ISBN-10 : 9390491290
  • ISBN-13 : 978-9390491292


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Printed Study Material for IAS (UPSC) 2021-22

Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (SEP 2017)


THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

Medium: English

Price: Rs. Free

Cover Month: SEPTEMBER 2017


Click Here to Download Soft Copy of This Gist




Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)


Gist of The Yojana Magazine

(IAS PLANNER) Importance of General Studies

Importance of General Studies

General Studies is one of the subjects which have major contribution in the whole examination, in the Prelims there is one whole Paper of General Studies and in the Mains it has its contribution. In this way general studies can’t be underestimate it leads you to the final selection. Though Optional subject also has its importance but at the same time General Studies has its own contribution. In the Essay & Interview stage this helps a lot. So General Studies should be prepared in well.

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MODERNISING POLICE FORCE : Civil Services Mentor Magazine: NOVEMBER - 2017


Under the Constitution, police is a subject governed by states. The centre is also allowed to maintain its own police forces to assist the states with ensuring law and order. Therefore, it maintains seven central police forces and some other police organisations for specialised tasks such as intelligence gathering, investigation, research and recordkeeping, and training.

The primary role of police forces is to uphold and enforce laws, investigate crimes and ensure security for people in the country. In a large and populous country like India, police forces need to be wellequipped, in terms of personnel, weaponry, forensic, communication and transport support, to perform their role well. There has been a rise of public demand for an efficient, accountable and people-centric police that steadfastly upholds the Rule of Law in all situations. Since independence, the National Police Commission as well as multiple expert committees have submitted successive reports recommending extensive reforms in the Police. These recommendations have mostly remained unimplemented.

In September 2006, the Supreme Court of India, in Prakash Singh Vs Union of India passed a historic judgment directing the Central and State Governments towards operational reform and functional autonomy of the police. The Indian Police Foundation was inaugurated in 2015 to mount pressure on State governments to implement the directions of the Supreme Court on police reforms (Prakash Singh v. Union of India).

The seven directives provide practical mechanisms to kick-start reform. They make up a scheme which if implemented holistically will correct the common ills that create poor police performance and unaccountable law enforcement today. The scheme puts in place mechanisms to better ensure that: the police have functional responsibility while remaining under the supervision of the political executive; political control of police by the political executive is conditioned and kept within its legitimate bounds; internal management systems are fair and transparent; policing efficiencies are increased in terms of their core functions and most importantly public complaints are addressed and police accountability enhanced.


Directive One

Constitute a State Security Commission (SSC) to:

(i) Ensure that the state government does not exercise unwarranted influence or pressure on the police
(ii) Lay down broad policy guideline and
(iii) Evaluate the performance of the state police

Directive Two

Ensure that the DGP is appointed through merit based Modernising Police Force transparent process and secure a minimum tenure of two years

Directive Three

Ensure that other police officers on operational duties (including Superintendents of Police in-charge of a district and Station House Officers in-charge of a police station) are also provided a minimum tenure of two years

Directive Four

Separate the investigation and law and order functions of the police

Directive Five

Set up a Police Establishment Board (PEB) to decide transfers, postings, promotions and other service related matters of police officers of and below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police and make recommendations on postings and transfers above the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police

Directive Six

Set up a Police Complaints Authority (PCA) at state level to inquire into public complaints against police officers of and above the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police in cases of serious misconduct, including custodial death, grievous hurt, or rape in police custody and at district levels to inquire into public complaints against the police personnel below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police in cases of serious misconduct

Directive Seven

Set up a National Security Commission (NSC) at the union level to prepare a panel for selection and placement of Chiefs of the Central Police Organisations (CPO) with a minimum tenure of two years. The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for implementation of umbrella scheme of "Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF)" for years 2017-18 to 2019- 20. The financial outlay for the
scheme over the three year's period is Rs.25,060 crore, out of which the Central Government share will be Rs.18,636 crore and the States' share will be Rs.6,424 crore.

Salient Features

(IAS PLANNER) Taking Your First Attempt

Taking Your First Attempt

It is seen among aspirants that they are in hurray to take their first attempt. But it’s not good strategy at all do not hurry in taking your first attempt. Take your first attempt as your first and last attempt and only when then you feel that you are ready to come into the battlefield of exam because once you are trapped in virulent circle of examinations, little time remains available for improvisation.

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FIFTH GENERATION (5G) : Civil Services Mentor Magazine: NOVEMBER - 2017


India has seen good growth in last two decades. This growth has largely been good for the country but it has also formed a digital divide in the country. There are people who connected with the digital world, this group mostly covers urban India, and then there is still very large population which is unconnected with the digital world. If India's growth of last few decades is to be sustained this digital divide should be bridged soon. The Global Information Technology report for the World Economic Forum places India 68th in its 'networked readiness index' that ranks 140 countries. Digitalisation also has an important role in governance, it helps in reducing the leakages, involves citizen more in governance process and it is also helpful in making the government accountable.

In order to obtain all the benefits given above Government of India has started Digital India programme. Digital India has been FIFTH GENERATION envisioned as an ambitious umbrella programme to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. This programmed has been envisaged and coordinated by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY). There is also a collaboration with various Central Ministries and State Governments. The Prime Minister of India is the chairman of the monitoring committee of Digital India programme. All the existing and ongoing e-Governance initiatives have been revamped to align them with the principles of Digital India. It takes together a large number of ideas into a single comprehensive plan so that each of them remain a part of larger goal.

Great role in above mentioned developments is being played by the mobile industry. Mobile industry regularly updates its functioning like providing higher speed of internet, higher working capacity etc. The mobile industries transition from 4G to 5G, which could take a decade or longer, will see network operators, infrastructure vendors and device manufacturer's progressively implement next generation technologies. It is one of the fastest growing and most dynamic sectors in the world.. The development of wireless technologies has greatly improved people's ability to communicate and live in both business operations and social functions.

From the second generation (2G) mobile communication system debuted in 1991 to the 3G system first launched in 2001, the wireless mobile network has transformed from a pure telephony system to a network that can transport rich multimedia contents. The 4G wireless systems were designed to fulfill the requirements of International Mobile Telecommunications Advanced (IMT-A) using IP for all services. In 4G systems, an advanced radio interface is used with orthogonal Fifth Generation frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), multiple-input multipleoutput (MIMO), and link adaptation technologies. 4G wireless networks can support data rates of up to 1 GBps for low mobility, such as nomadic/local wireless access, and up to 100 MBps for high mobility, such as mobile access. More powerful smart phones and laptops are becoming more popular now a days, demanding advanced multimedia capabilities. This has resulted in an explosion of wireless mobile devices and services. The EMO pointed out that there has been a 92 percent growth in mobile broadband per year since 2006. It has been predicted by the Wireless World Research Forum (WWRF) that 7 trillion wireless devices will serve 7 billion people by 2017; that is, the number of network connected wireless devices will reach 1000 times the world's population.

One of the most crucial challenges is the physical scarcity of radio frequency (RF) spectra allocated for cellular communications. Cellular frequencies use ultra-highfrequency bands for cellular phones, normally ranging from several hundred megahertz to several gigahertz. These frequency spectra have been used heavily, making it difficult for operators to acquire more. Another challenge is that the deployment of advanced wireless
technologies comes at the cost of high energy consumption. The increase of energy consumption in wireless communication systems causes an increase of CO2 emission indirectly, which currently is considered as a major threat for the environment. Moreover, it has been reported by cellular operators that the energy consumption of base stations (BSs) contributes to over 70 percent of their electricity bill. In fact, energy-efficient communication was not one of the initial requirements in 4G wireless systems, but it came up as an issue at a later stage. Other challenges are, for example, average spectral efficiency, high data rate and high mobility, seamless coverage, diverse quality of service (QoS) requirements, and fragmented user experience (incompatibility of different wireless devices/interfaces and heterogeneous networks).

India is at the cusp of a next generation of wireless technology 5G. 5G has been conceived as a foundation for expanding the potential of the Networked Society. A digital transformation brought about through the power of connectivity is taking place in almost every industry. The landscape is expanding to include massive scale of "smart things" to be interconnected. Therefore, the manner in which future networks will cope with massively varied demands and a business landscape will be significantly different from today.

The economic benefits from the 5G technology are also quite immense. As per the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Committee on Digital Economic Policy, it has been stated that 5G technologies rollout will help in,

(IAS PLANNER) Taking Your Further Attempts

Taking Your Further Attempts

Prepare yourself as there is no need for any further attempt. Even then somehow you could not get selected then think before taking your further attempt. Assess yourself well before taking your further attempt ff you has done well in the previous attempt its good, you only need to maintain your tempo. But, if you have not performed well then it is better to quit one or two attempts and don’t take your further attempt unless you are ready for the attempt.

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PENCIL PORTAL : Civil Services Mentor Magazine: NOVEMBER - 2017


"India is the largest child labour force market in the world. The problem of child labour is its roots of colossal proportions. The notion that children are being exploited and forced into labour, while not receiving education crucial to development, concerns many people. India is the largest example plagued by the problem of child labour".

Current figures of the number of children engaged in child labour in India are not available. This difficulty is attributed to the fact that the Indian Government "has been negligent in its refusal to collect and analyze current and relevant data regarding the brutal incidence of child labour. As of 1996, official figures continue to be based on 1981 census figures". The 1981 Indian census reports that there were 13.6 million child labourers in India Indian government extrapolations of 1981 data place the current number of child labourers at between seventeen and twenty million (Human Rights Watch 1996). This extrapolation seems highly unlikely as "The Official National Sample Survey of 1983 reports 17.4 million child labourers, while a study sponsored by the Labour Ministry, concluded that the child-labour force was 44 million". UNICEF "cites figures ranging from seventy-five to ninety million child labourers under the age of fourteen". A universal difficulty in obtaining accurate data maybe that individuals fail to report child labour participation during surveys for fear of persecution.

The figure for the number of child labourers varies a lot, they are all significantly high when considering that the Child Economic Activity rate for 1980-1991 was 13.5% for males and 10.3% for females. In comparison, other developing countries such as Sri Lanka and Malaysia, have lower activity rates: 5.2% for males and 4.7% for females in Sri Lanka, and 8.9% for males and 6.6% for females in Malaysia. Historical census data shows an overall child work participation rate of 12.69% in 1961 and 7.13% in 1971 . This data is misleading because the definitions of child labour are different in the two censuses , thus a comparison cannot be completely valid The data shows that in a span of twenty years (1961-1981), the proportion of children has not changed significantly.

Child labour support the source of income of the poor. A study conducted by the ILO Bureau of Statistics found that "Children's work was considered essential in maintaining the economic level of households, either in the form of work for wages, of help in house hold enter prises or of house hold chores in order to free adult household members for economic activity elsewhere". In some cases, the study found that a child's income accounted for between 34 and 37 percent of the total household income. This study concludes that a child labourer's income is important to the livelihood of a poor family. The fact that child labourers are being exploited for the same type of work, studies show they are paid less than their adult counterparts. Although 39.5% of employers said that child workers earn wages equal to adults, if the percentage of employers admitting that wages are lower for children are added up, a figure of 35.9% is found. The percentage of the population of India living in poverty is quite high. Poverty has an obvious relationship with child labour, and studies have revealed a positive correlation as such. Poor families need money to survive, and children are a source of additional income.

National Child Labour Project Scheme (NCLPS) started in 1988 to rehabilitate child labour. Under the Scheme, a survey is conducted to identify target group ( child worker and adolescent working in hazardous occupations and processes in a district or a specified area); then children in the age group of 9-14 years are withdrawn from work, and put into NCLP Special Training Centres where they are provided bridge education,
vocational training, mid-day meal, stipend, health care and recreation etc. with the ultimate objective of preparing them to be mainstreamed into the formal system of education. Adolescents are withdrawn from hazardous occupations / processes to have benefited from skills training wherever required and are linked to legally permissible occupations.

The NCLP Scheme seeks:

A. To eliminate all forms of child labour through

i. Identification and withdrawal of all children in the Project Area from child labour,
ii. Preparing children withdrawn from work for mainstream education alongwith vocational training;
iii. Ensuringconvergence of servicesprovidedby different government departments/ agencies for the benefit of child and their family;

B. To contribute to the withdrawal of all adolescent workers from Hazardous Occupations / Processes and their skilling and integration in appropriate occupations through

i. Identificationandwithdrawal of all adolescentw o r k e r s from hazardous occupations / processes,
ii. Facilitating vocational training opportunities for such adolescents through existing scheme of skill developments1;

C. Raising awareness amongst stakeholders and target communities, and orientation of NCLP and other functionaries on the issues of 'child labour' and 'employment of adolescent workers in hazardous occupations/ processes'; and

D. Creation of a Child Labour Monitoring, Tracking and Reporting System.

The scheme focuses on:

i. All child workers below the age of 14 years in the identified target area.
ii. Adolescent workers below the age of 18 years in the target area engaged in hazardous occupations / processes2
iii. Families of Child workers in the identified target area The overall approach of the project is to create an enabling environment in the target area, where children are motivated and empowered through various measures to enroll in schools and refrain from working, and households are provided with alternatives to improve their income levels.

NCLPS will be implemented in close coordination with State, District administration and Civil society. Elimination of Child Labour is joint responsibility of the Ministry of Labour and Employment and the State Governments. Other stakeholders such as District Administrations, local communities, civil society groups, NGO?s, academicians and enforcement agencies have an important role to play. The scheme seeks to not only set up the implementation structure but also institutionalize monitoring and supervision for effective functioning of the scheme.

NCLPS is a central sector scheme where 100% of the funding is provided by the Government of India through the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Funds under the existing NCLP scheme are released by the Central Government directly to the registered NCLP District Project Society under the chairpersonship of the administrative head of the district namely District Magistrate/District Collector (DM/DC)/Deputy Commissioner of the district who is under administrative control of the State Govt.

The legislative changes have been accompanied by creation of additional institutional mechanisms at the district, state and national level for identification and rescue, along with revamping the rehabilitation scheme and a centralized database for case to case monitoring and accountability. The Standard Operating Procedure (SoP) is aimed Pencil Portal at creating a ready reckoner for trainers, practitioners and monitoring agencies to ensure complete prohibition of child labour and protection of adolescents from hazardous labour ultimately leading to Child Labour Free India.

The genesis of the portal is in the felt need to create a robust implementing and monitoring mechanism for both enforcement of the legislative provisions and effective implementation of the NCLP especially in the backdrop
that the subject of Labour is in the concurrent list and enforcement to a large extent depends of respective State Governments. It was felt that an online portal which connects Central Government to State Government, District and to all Project Societies would provide a mechanism for implementation. In this backdrop the online portal PENCIL was conceptualized.
PENCIL Portal has following components:

a. Child Tracking System
b. Complaint Corner
c. State Government
d. National Child Labour Project
e. Convergence

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Union Public Services Commission

Hard Work:

It is proved fact that there is no shortcut in life and it is hard work that works for us. Sometimes at the initial stage it won’t work but at the end of day it will led you to the success. We should always keep in mind that hard work never goes unrewarded. Hard work has no any substitute. It’s you who could finish the whole work by yourself, nobody is coming with you. Entire course of action have to complete by you. Civil service competition is the best example of hard work. If you work hard you will get through if not you won’t make it the first huddle i.e. Prelims exam. The examination that you are preparing for is like a marathon race. You have to pass in this exam of marathon, definitely you have to start you journey from square one at several time. The candidates who are taking civil services exam are well educated and have talent to lead the country but over the years it has been revealed that only 50 percent of the total candidate are the serious ones. Here we should keep in mind that those aspirants who has the confidence that he can compete in this examination and succeed, only they are going to finally crack it.

(IAS PLANNER) UPSC : Dedication

Union Public Services Commission


For me Dedication is sometimes doing things even if I didn't have to and doing it with passion. Understand to achieve anything requires faith and belief in yourself, vision, hard work, determination, and dedication. Remember dedication towards our own duty always pays in life. One has to be totally dedicated even for the minutest things in the life, finally its it which finally get you all along the long way. Yes dedication always bundled with sacrifice. During you course of your preparation you have to sacrifice many of your favorites like movies, parties, and entertainments etc. Without dedication it is impossible to achieve what you want to be.

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Baswan Committee : Likely Changes in UPSC, Civil Services Examination

Baswan Committee : Likely Changes in IAS, Civil Services Examination 2019

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) had constituted an expert committee in August 2015 under the Chairmanship of B.S. Baswan to review the scheme of civil service examination. The committee had submitted its report to UPSC on 9th August 2016. The Baswan Committee’s report along with UPSC’s recommendations on it has been forwarded to department of personnel and training (DoPT) on 20th March 2017 for final consideration and further implementation.

Baswan Committee : (Chairman) B.S. Baswan (Former human resource development secretary and retired IAS officer)

Members- R.K. Barik (Professor, IIPA), Akber Ali (research Officer, IIPA), and Pankaj Kumar Singh (Research Officer, IIPA).

Baswan Committee recommendation of :

  • (A) Reduction of upper age limit form 32 years (General Candidates)
  • (B) Removal of optional paper in the UPSC mains examination to provide a level playing field to all aspirants.


Union Public Services Commission


One famous quote is that "Good things come to those who wait." This quote applies everywhere. If one needs favorable result it has to come with the patience. Take civil service exam it spans a year Preliminary exam in the month of may-june to the interview in the month of march next year. The whole process of exam requires patience. During your preparation at many times you may feel tired and jaded but it is the time when you have to keep you going. Once you stop there are many others who are waiting to take you place. The Civil service exam in one way is the psychometric test for the aspirants it is test for their patience also. In all to keep going when the going is hard and slow - that is patience.

(IAS PLANNER) UPSC : Self-Confidence

Union Public Services Commission


“The secret of making dreams come true can be summarized in four C’s. They are Curiosity, Confidence, Courage, and Constancy; and the greatest of these is Confidence.”WaltDisney Self-confidence is the first requisite to great undertakings. It is self confidence that makes the difference. It doesn’t matter how hard you try and work hard unless you don't believe in yourself and your ability to succeed. One should always keep one’s self confidence at the high level, yes everyone agrees that one can never be always self motivated and could lose temper, at this time you need to keep motivated it dosen’t matter by which means.

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(IAS PLANNER) UPSC : Faith in God/Luck

Union Public Services Commission


Everyone of us holds a different image of God.  But at one instance we all belive that there is almighty who is above us. There is nothing bad in it to have faith in such almighty. It is seen by the result of many exams that most of the aspirants who have cleared the Civil Services examination add faith in God as a major key to their success. Still, we should remember that there is no substitute to hard work. Faith in God will keep you going.

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(IAS PLANNER) Time Management

Time Management

Time management is the act or process of planning and exercising conscious control over the amount of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity. Time management may be aided by a range of skills, tools, and techniques used to manage time when accomplishing specific tasks, projects and goals complying with a due date. This set encompasses a wide scope of activities, and these include planning , setting goals , analysis of time spent. In the Civil Services exam it is a tool to success. Time management is essential and one of the important tool in the Civil Services Examination. In the first stage of examination that is called preliminaries, real-time testing is very important. When it comes to Mains time management has become more important one has to solve the whole paper in merely three hours. Here aspirants should allocate the time as according to the requirement of the question paper. As the nature of Mains exam paper is that one need to stick to the word limits in all questions and here need proper time management, aspirants should keep in mind that if one is devoting too much time to one particular question will surely means that one miss out on others questions. The UPSC exams among many other things, it also tests aspirants skill in time management, and how to organize  the work in a systematic and efficient manner.

(IAS PLANNER) UPSC : Writing Skills

Union Public Services Commission

Writing Skills

Writing skills are perhaps the most essential requirement in the main examination sections of the UPSC exam. As the exam is also a test of an individual's analytical and interpretative ability, clear, coherent and well-written answers in simple, effective English (or Hindi) are essential. Most students who clear the preliminaries are extremely comfortable with their material, and are unlikely to add particularly unique or new information. The difference lies in the method of presentation - or the writing. (the hindu)

Courtesy: The Hindu

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(Free E-book) Weekly Current Affairs Update for IAS Exam VOL-200

Weekly Current Affairs Update for IAS Exams Free Sample

VOL. - 200 (1 October 2017 to 7 October 2017)

Covered Topics:

  • National

  • International

  • Economy, India and The World

  • Sport, Environment, In The News

  • Science and Technology

  • Newspaper Editorials

  • MkCQ's

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2017 - ANTHROPOLOGY (Paper-2)

(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2017


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Anthropology (Paper-2)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours


Q1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 each.

(a) Neolithic cultures of South India.
(b) Austro-Asiatic linguistic groups in India.
(c) Varnashram and the concept of Rina.
(d) Ethno-archaeology.
(e) Nature-man-spirit complex


(a) Discuss the contribution of Nirmal kumar Bose to the understanding of Indian society.
(b) Describe the salient features of chalcolthic cultures of the Deccan.
(c) Critically discuss the constitutional safeguards for the Schedule Castes.


(a) Discuss the impact of market economy on the Jajmani system.
(b) Discuss the salient features of Ramapithecus.
(c) Discuss the social, political and economic status of Muslims in India.


(a) Explain how Buddhism influenced the economic and cultural transformations of Indian society.
(b) Describe various aspect of trade and religion of Harappa civilization.
(c) Discuss the impact of media as an instrument of social change.

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(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2017 - ANTHROPOLOGY (Paper-1)

(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2017


Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Anthropology (Paper-1)

Marks: 250

Time Allowed: 3 Hours


Q1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each.

(a) Bilincal and bilateral descents.
(b) Difference between religion and magic.
(c) Basic tenets of structural-functionalism.
(d) Non-verbal communication.
(e) Questionnaire.


(a) Discuss the development of the concept of cultural in Anthropology.
(b) Elucidate the determinants of kinship terminology.
(c) Discuss the Different forms of preferential marriage with suitable examples from tribal societies in India.


(a) Discuss the different traditional forms of religion in tribal societies.
(b) Mention the characteristics features of band with suitable examples.
(c) With the help of appropriate example, explain the various forms of exchange system.


(a) Explain Ruth Benedict’s patterns of culture.
(b) Elucidate the basic characteristics of anthropological fieldwork methods.
(c) Critically examine the Stewardian view of neo-evolutionism.

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