::FIFTH GENERATION (5G)::
India has seen good growth in last two decades. This growth has largely been
good for the country but it has also formed a digital divide in the country.
There are people who connected with the digital world, this group mostly covers
urban India, and then there is still very large population which is unconnected
with the digital world. If India's growth of last few decades is to be sustained
this digital divide should be bridged soon. The Global Information Technology
report for the World Economic Forum places India 68th in its 'networked
readiness index' that ranks 140 countries. Digitalisation also has an important
role in governance, it helps in reducing the leakages, involves citizen more in
governance process and it is also helpful in making the government accountable.
In order to obtain all the benefits given above Government of India has
started Digital India programme. Digital India has been FIFTH GENERATION
envisioned as an ambitious umbrella programme to transform India into a
digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. This programmed has been
envisaged and coordinated by the Department of Electronics and Information
Technology (DeitY). There is also a collaboration with various Central
Ministries and State Governments. The Prime Minister of India is the chairman of
the monitoring committee of Digital India programme. All the existing and
ongoing e-Governance initiatives have been revamped to align them with the
principles of Digital India. It takes together a large number of ideas into a
single comprehensive plan so that each of them remain a part of larger goal.
Great role in above mentioned developments is being played by the mobile
industry. Mobile industry regularly updates its functioning like providing
higher speed of internet, higher working capacity etc. The mobile industries
transition from 4G to 5G, which could take a decade or longer, will see network
operators, infrastructure vendors and device manufacturer's progressively
implement next generation technologies. It is one of the fastest growing and
most dynamic sectors in the world.. The development of wireless technologies has
greatly improved people's ability to communicate and live in both business
operations and social functions.
From the second generation (2G) mobile communication system debuted in 1991
to the 3G system first launched in 2001, the wireless mobile network has
transformed from a pure telephony system to a network that can transport rich
multimedia contents. The 4G wireless systems were designed to fulfill the
requirements of International Mobile Telecommunications Advanced (IMT-A) using
IP for all services. In 4G systems, an advanced radio interface is used with
orthogonal Fifth Generation frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM),
multiple-input multipleoutput (MIMO), and link adaptation technologies. 4G
wireless networks can support data rates of up to 1 GBps for low mobility, such
as nomadic/local wireless access, and up to 100 MBps for high mobility, such as
mobile access. More powerful smart phones and laptops are becoming more popular
now a days, demanding advanced multimedia capabilities. This has resulted in an
explosion of wireless mobile devices and services. The EMO pointed out that
there has been a 92 percent growth in mobile broadband per year since 2006. It
has been predicted by the Wireless World Research Forum (WWRF) that 7 trillion
wireless devices will serve 7 billion people by 2017; that is, the number of
network connected wireless devices will reach 1000 times the world's population.
One of the most crucial challenges is the physical scarcity of radio
frequency (RF) spectra allocated for cellular communications. Cellular
frequencies use ultra-highfrequency bands for cellular phones, normally ranging
from several hundred megahertz to several gigahertz. These frequency spectra
have been used heavily, making it difficult for operators to acquire more.
Another challenge is that the deployment of advanced wireless
technologies comes at the cost of high energy consumption. The increase of
energy consumption in wireless communication systems causes an increase of CO2
emission indirectly, which currently is considered as a major threat for the
environment. Moreover, it has been reported by cellular operators that the
energy consumption of base stations (BSs) contributes to over 70 percent of
their electricity bill. In fact, energy-efficient communication was not one of
the initial requirements in 4G wireless systems, but it came up as an issue at a
later stage. Other challenges are, for example, average spectral efficiency,
high data rate and high mobility, seamless coverage, diverse quality of service
(QoS) requirements, and fragmented user experience (incompatibility of different
wireless devices/interfaces and heterogeneous networks).
India is at the cusp of a next generation of wireless technology 5G. 5G has
been conceived as a foundation for expanding the potential of the Networked
Society. A digital transformation brought about through the power of
connectivity is taking place in almost every industry. The landscape is
expanding to include massive scale of "smart things" to be interconnected.
Therefore, the manner in which future networks will cope with massively varied
demands and a business landscape will be significantly different from today.
The economic benefits from the 5G technology are also quite immense. As per
the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Committee on
Digital Economic Policy, it has been stated that 5G technologies rollout will
a) Increasing GDP
b) Creating Employment
c) Digitizing the economy.
For India, 5G provides an opportunity for industry to reach out to global
markets, and consumers to gain with the economies of scale. Worldwide countries
have launched similar Forums and thus, India has joined the race in 5G
technologies. We are open for collaboration with them.
The Term of Reference of the High Level Forum for 5G India 2020 shall be: -
a) Vision Mission and Goals for the 5G India 2020, and
b) Evaluate, approve roadmaps & action plans for 5G India 2020.
The primary goals of the forum are to achieve:
- early deployment of 5G in India
- a globally competitive product development and manufacturing ecosystem
targeting 50% of India market and 10% of global market over next 5 to 7
- The forum will complement the eco-system by focused actions in the
- Research Ecosystem - for IPR development, standards development and
proof of concepts through research projects, PPP projects, testbeds and
- Regulatory Framework - including spectrum assignments and a start-up
friendly regulatory environment to enable leapfrog and embracing of
- Inclusive Business environment - with special focus on investment
incentives favourable to start-ups and innovators and enablement of Venture
Forum will constitute a number of Steering Committees in different domains.