(Current Affairs) Networking India

Networking India

  • A country that started off with just 54.63 million telephones in 2003 and a very poor teledensity of barely 5.N-percent now has the world's second largest telecommunications network. In 1999 the government had set itself a modest target of achieving 4 percent rural teledensity by 2010.
    At a present figure of about 26.4 percent, we have far surpassed the target.

  • The first and the most talked about one is the spectrum. In the electromagnetic spectrum the human voice can travel easily only between 500 megahertz and about 3000 megahertz. Some years ago this seemed a lot of space but as a billion plus people got talking and more, this road too has got talking and so the government has wisely decided to auction the remaining space among the bidding companies.

Wireline and Wireless subscriber numbers

Year Wireline sub-scribers (million) Wireless sub-scribers (milillion)
March 2005 41.42 52.22
March 2006 41.54 90.14
March 2007 40.75 165.11
March 2008 39.42 261.07
March 2009 37.96 391.76
March 2010 36.96 584.32


Mobile Market Shares

Service Provider Market share Dec 2009 (%)
Bharti Airtel 22.6
Reliance 17.9
Vodafone 17.4
TATA 10.9
Others 8.23

E-Government Projects In India


  • This project is being used at the Dairy Co-operative Society, Gujarat. The project uses IT to help rural milk producers by integrating all operations from .procurement of milk to accounting using DISK (Dairy Information -Services Kiosk). Akashganga has facilitated more than 1,000 villages,in 34 districts spread over 8 States covering 2,00,000 rural families in Gujarat and other states


  • This was established by ITC's Agri Business Division in June 2000. It was specifically designed to tackle the challenges posed by the unique: features of Indian agriculture, characterized by fragmented farms, weak infrastructure, and the involvement of intermediaries. In order to protect agriculture farmers from opportunistic practice of intermediaries, it provides farmers with information relating to farming equipments, weather, crop, and the like.

TKS (Tata Kisan Sansars):-

  • The TKSs, or farm centre, provide end-to-end solutions, right from what crops to grow to how to sell .Them for the maximum returns in Maharastra unique concept in the Indian countryside, TKSs are changing the face of Indian agriculture and improving the quality of rural life. TKS provides farmers with services for optimum util1ization of nutrients, plant protection, chemicals, water, and seeds. TKS tracks key parameters such -: as soil, ground water, and weather on a real time basis with the help of Geographic information Systems (GIS) and satellite mapping technologies. Retail outlets at each Kendra are set u to sell products but are not made online.

TNCDW (Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development Of Women Ltd.):-

  • The project IS aimed at social and economic empowerment of women m Tamil Nadu state. TNCDW maintains a database containing the details of citizens, births and deaths, land and revenue records.


  • Drishtee is present in over 12 states including the north eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya,

  • anipur, Arunachal Pradesh, .and Bihar, Orissa. UttarPradesh, Uttarakhand, Harvana, Tamil Nadu. It has also started to work in Africa along with partners. Drishtee is a revenue-generating platform for rural networking and marketing services that enable e-governance', education, and health service. The project provides online buying­ and selling facilities citizens through its e-commerce and agri-business services. It maintains the database of people as It Issues ration cards. The system tries to Jedress the grievances raised by the public and enhances customer relationship.


  • Gyandoot is an Intranet based Government to Citizen (G2C) service delivery portal commissioned in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh in January 2000.Gyandoot aims to create a cost-effective, replicable, economically self-reliant and financially viable model for taking the benefits of Information and Communication 'technology (ICT) to the rural masses. The goal of the project was'

  • to establish community-owned, technologically innovative and sustainable information kiosks in a poverty-stricken, tribal dominated rural area of Madhya Pradesh. Kiosks have been established in the village Panchayat buildings.

Jagriti E-Sewa:-

  • Jagriti E-Sewa was inaugurated in March 2003. It touches the rural life with activities from agriculture, financial, travel, and e-Government to communication services. The whole system can be adopted to any language in the least possible time. Jagriti is a platform for application of Information technology for the masses, with special focus on the needs of rural areas. Its activities, named as d-commerce (desi commerce), include both physical and electronic mode involvement.



  • Developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) in Himachal Pradesh State, in order to make people aware of government policies an programmers, and also providing an interface to interact with various government functionaries and solicit their active and direct contribution in the process governance. Lokmitra maintains a database with details on public, such as address, contact number, age, driver license, etc.


  • Develop by COMPUSOL, it is the India's first ICT enabled Gram Panchayat e-Government solution. Bellandur is situated about 20 km from Bangalore. All district offices, taluka offices, and gram panchayats are connected. Committee meetings

  • are aired on cable television. The software handles records of property, tax collection, birth and 'death certificates, and other financial..


  • Janmitra was launched in March 2Q.Q2_It is an Integrated e-platform that was implemented ill the Jhalawar district rajasthan and is replicated in the state of Uttaranchal. All sections and departments of collect orate are connected through Local Area Network (LAN) The main objective of the Jan Mitra project is to provide a single- window facility

  • to citizens to access government work, various government procedures through computerization and use information and communication direct communication between the administration and the people to ensure transparent, accountable and responsive governance and make the right to information an effective tool in the hands of the rural masses.


  • The project is aimed at bringing people of Uttarakhand state closer; with the purpose of enabling native’s to share their culture, tradition, news, and other thoughts from generation to generation. The Web site allows meetings and sessions in big cities' to small villages, with "general awareness meetings" in remote villages.


  • Apollo Hospitals provide super specialty healthcare to millions of rural Indians through this project. Telemedicine is the use of ICT to facilitate healthcare when patients and doctors are separated by distance. Using the software Med- Integra, patients and specialists can interact visually. It presently operates more then telemedicine centers in several states.


  • Lokvani was conceptualized by District Magistrate Sitapur in September 2004. The project is a public­12rivate partnership program that was implemented within the Sitapur district (88% rural population a1d 39% literacy rate) of Uttar Pradesh state.

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