Government Plan Programme Policies for UPSC Exam
:: Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana ::
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, SAGY, under which each Member of
Parliament will take the responsibility of developing physical and institutional
infrastructure in three villages by 2019. The goal is to develop three Adarsh
Grams or model villages by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016.
Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will be selected and developed
by 2024. The Project to be launched on the occasion of birth anniversary of Lok
Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan aims to keep the soul of rural India alive while
providing its people with quality access to basic amenities and opportunities to
enable them to shape their own destiny. Inspired by the principles and values of
Mahatma Gandhi, the Scheme places equal stress on nurturing values of national
pride, patriotism, community spirit, self-confidence and on developing
infrastructure. The Scheme is unique and transformative as it has a
holistic approach towards development. It envisages integrated development of
the selected village across multiple areas such as agriculture, health,
education, sanitation, environment, livelihoods etc. Far beyond mere
infrastructure development, SAGY aims at instilling certain values, such as
people’s participation, Antyodaya, gender equality, dignity of women, social
justice, spirit of community service, cleanliness, eco-friendliness, maintaining
ecological balance, peace and harmony, mutual cooperation, self-reliance, local
self-government, transparency and accountability in public life, etc., in the
villages and their people so that they get transformed into models for others.
The Members of Parliament (MPs) are the pivots this Scheme
will run on. Gram Panchayat would be the basic unit for development. It will
have a population of 3000-5000 in plain areas and 1000-3000 in hilly, tribal and
difficult areas. In districts where this unit size is not available, Gram
Panchayats approximating the desirable population size may be chosen. If each MP
adopts three villages, the scheme will be able to develop 2,379 'gram panchayats'
over the next five years. The Lok Sabha has 543 MPs and the Rajya Sabha 250, 12
of which are nominated. The MP would be free to identify a suitable gram
panchayat for being developed as Adarsh Gram, other than his/her own village or
that of his/her spouse. There are 2,65,000 gram panchayats in India.
The scheme will be implemented through a village development
plan that would be prepared for every identified gram panchayat with special
focus on enabling every poor household to come out of poverty. The constituency
fund, MPLADS, would be available to fill critical financing gaps. The planning
process in each village will be a participatory exercise coordinated by the
District Collector. The MP will play an active facilitating role in this
SAGY gives focus to community participation. Social
mobilization of village community can trigger a chain of other development
activities in the village. For instance, reducing risk behaviours like
alcoholism, smoking, substance abuse (drugs/tobacco/gutkha etc) among all age
groups of population.
Strengthening of local democracy through strong and
transparent Gram Panchayats and active Gram Sabhas and facilitating good
governance is also an important objective of SAGY. Women participation in the
decision-making process will be encouraged. In fact the Scheme envisages holding
Mahila Sabhas and Bal Sabhas to discuss women and children specific issues and
concerns. E-governance will also be given a push.
Ensuring universal access to education facilities, adult
literacy, e-literacy are also important goals of SAGY. Apart from education,
these villages will have quality health care. The outcomes will include 100%
immunization, 100% institutional delivery, reduced IMR, MMR, reduction in
malnutrition among children etc.
Adoption and adaptation of technology and introduction of
innovations are critical to this programme. This will include use of space
application and remote sensing for planning, mobile based technology for
monitoring, agriculture technology for increasing productivity etc.
At the national level, a separate, real time web based
monitoring system will be put in place for the scheme covering all aspects and
components. The Ministry will put in place a specially designed capacity
building programme for Government functionaries at different levels including
Gram Panchayats. At the state level there will be an Empowered Committee headed
by the Chief Secretary consisting of the relevant Departments and including
experts, as required with at least two Civil Society representatives. The
district Collector will be the nodal officer for implementing the SAGY.