Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and
(Public Administration Paper I / Chapter: Administrative Behaviour)
(Important) Question :
What are the differences between a Leader and a Manager ? (30 Marks/350 Words)
Model Answer :
A Manager is a person who is responsible for managing an organization and a
leader is someone who control or influence people. Managers and leaders are
different in their goals, approaches, target group and ideas. Generally a
manager manages a section of skilled worker and resource to accomplish a common
goal which is mostly profit oriented in an organization. A manager worked on a
set of rules defined in an organization and responsible to his superior. A
manager generally works for a business oriented organization. Manager inspires
the employee to do the things rightly. Managers are authoritative and more
focuses on work to be done.
A leader influence people by his ideology and vision. Leader works for an
idea and uses his skills and knowledge to adapt the ideas into reality. A leader
is responsible to their followers and peoples. Leader generally does the work
which empowers the people and brings a dynamic change which is favourable for
the society. Leader motivates the people to do the right things. A leader has
the ability to persuade other to seek defined goal enthusiastically.
A popular saying “All leaders are good manager but not all managers are good
leaders” because a leader works for the goals but manager works on the goals.
Zaleznik explains the following differences between managers and leaders:
• Managers tend to adopt impersonal and passive attitude towards goals while
leaders adopt a more personal and active attitude towards their goals.
• Managers coordinate in order to compromise conflicting values .Leaders develop
choices that give substance to people’s imagination.
• Managers visualize themselves as conservators and regulators. Leaders search
out for opportunities for change
• Management is more about planning , organizing, directing and controlling the
activities of subordinate staff. Leadership is concerned with motivating and
According to Henry S R Kao the concept of leadership is very broad and
applies to formal organisations as well as informal groups. Despite the
differences , there is a close relationship between leadership and management in
work organisations. To be an effective manager it is necessary to exercise the
role of leadership. (Total Words- 350)
(Linkages : Leader and Manager, Influence and Management, Motivation and