Analysis of IAS Mains 2015: General Studies Question Paper - I

Analysis of IAS Mains 2015: General Studies Question Paper - I

Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×20 = 200 Marks )

GS Paper-I deals with Indian and World History, Art & Culture, Social Issues and Geography.

GS Mains Paper-1 2015
Art  and Culture 25
Freedom struggle 25
World History 25
Religion and Empowerment 37.5
Diversity, Globalization & Poverty 25
Gender 25
Geographical Features 50
Urbanization and its Impact 25
Total 250

Art & Culture from Ancient to Modern Times

  • The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without a breakdown to the present day. Comment.
  • Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a tine aesthetic sense comparable to modem painting. Critically evaluate this comment.

History: Freedom Struggle

  • How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.
  • It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss.

World History

  • Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present?
  • To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically

Social Issues : Religion and Empowerment

  • Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate.
  • Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity.
  • Debate the issue of whether and how contemporary movements for assertion of Dalit identity work towards annihilation of caste.

Social Issues : Diversity, Globalisation and Poverty

  • Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the main cause of population increase in India.
  • Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades.

Social Issues : Gender

  • Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India.
  • How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes?

Geographical Features

  • Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation?
  • India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.
  • The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand arc reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate.
  • How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss.

Geography: Natural Resources

  • What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?

Geography: Urbanization and its impact

  • Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?
  • Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration.


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