Free Mock Test Paper for UPSC Mains General Studies (Test -4)


Free Mock Test Paper for UPSC Mains General Studies (Test -4)


Section A

1. ‘Human values are closely integrated with human life’. Comment. (150 words) 10

2.

(a) What do you understand by the following terms in the context of public service? (250 words) 3x5=15

(i) Social Influence
(ii) Moral and Political Attitudes
(iii) Challenges of Corruption
(iv) Ethical Governance
(v) Ethical Issues in International Relations

(b) Discuss the goal and objectives to strengthen moral values in society by promoting justice, equity and unity. (150 words) 10

3. Morality robustly increases attitude strength — certainty and importance — which in turn, affects political involvement and attitudinal extremity. (150 words) 10

4. Integrity is a personal choice, an uncompromising and predictably consistent commitment to honor moral, ethical, spiritual and artistic values and principles. Analyse (150 words) 10

5.

(a) Social Impact Theory states that there are three factors which will increase people's likelihood to respond to social influence. Explain the sentence. (150 words) 10
(b) Impartiality (also called evenhandedness or fair-mindedness) is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be based on objective criteria, rather than on the basis of bias, prejudice, or preferring the benefit to one person over another for improper reasons. ) (150 words) 10

6. Given below are three quotations of great moral thinkers/philosophers. For each of these quotations, bring out what it means to you in the present context:

(a) “Always do what is right. It will gratify half of mankind and astound the other.” ― Mark Twain (150 words) 10
(b) “Compassion is the basis of morality.” ― Arthur Schopenhauer (150 words) 10
(c) “Whenever governments adopt a moral tone - as opposed to an ethical one - you know something is wrong.” John Ralston Saul, The Unconscious Civilization (150 words) 10

7. "Emotional contagion is when a person (especially an infant or a member of a mob) imitatively "catches" the emotions that others are showing without necessarily recognizing this is happening.” (150 words) 10

8. ‘Sympathy or empathic concern is the feeling of compassion or concern for another, the wish to see them better off or happier’. Discuss (150 words) 10

Section B

9. An important requisite for ensuring probity in governance is absence of corruption. The other requirements are effective laws, rules and regulations governing every aspect of public life and, more important, an effective and fair implementation of those laws, etc. Discuss (250 words) 20

10. Criticisms have centered on whether Emotional Intelligence is a real intelligence and whether it has incremental validity over IQ and the Big Five personality traits. Discuss. (250 words) 20

11. It is sad but true that the civil service in India evokes the metaphors of what Michel Crozier calls ‘bureaucratic behaviour’; the normal association that people have with the ‘vulgar and frequent use of the word "bureaucracy",’ which as Crozier explains, ‘evokes the slowness, the ponderousness, the routine, the complication of procedures, and the maladaptive responses of "bureaucratic" organizations to the needs which they should satisfy, and the frustrations which their members, clients, or subjects consequently endure.’ Give your opinion. (300 words) 25

12. Governance is what the Government does. Basically, good Public Administration can only lead to good governance. Examine. (250 words) 20

13. The contradiction between our thought and practice fetters us. We are able to realise what is ethically wrong and wish to remove it. But our own doings fail it. According to Gandhi, social development must aim at removing as far as possible this contradiction. Discuss with your own experiences. (250 words) 20

14. The more our conduct is in consonance with the inner values, the better composed and integrated our personality is. Comment. (250 words) 20

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