(Exam Paper) UPSC IAS Mains 2001: Sociology
1. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should not
exceed 200 words):
(a) Sociology as an interpretative discipline
(b) Manifest and latent functions
(c) Sources of legitimacy of power
(d) Emerging pattern of sex-roles in modern society
2. Explain Karl Marx’s conception of class-antagonism. How have the
functionalists reacted to his views?
3. What is the focus of sociological analysis in the contributions of Emile
Durkheim? Give your answer with the help of any one of his contributions.
4. State the meaning and characteristics of an ideal type. What, according to
Max Weber, is the use and significance of the ‘ideal type’ in social science
5. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should not
exceed 200 words):
(a) Types of Exchange
(b) Incest taboo
(c) Informal structure of Bureaucracy
(d) Religion and Science
6. Distinguish between the process of formal education and socialization.
Examine effectivity in-formal education as an instrument of social change.
7. What social conditions cause a social movement? Explain, with
illustrations, the career of a social movement.
8. Define ‘social policy’. Evaluate the performance of social policy in
modernization of developing societies.
1. Write short notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words
(a) Caste and Indian polity
(b) Poverty alleviation programmes
(c) Impact of West on Indian society
(d) Agrarian class structure in India
2. Examine the role of Arya Samaj and Ramakrishna Mission of reform movements
3. What factors are responsible for the instability of the Indian family?
Will the family survive the present crisis in modern society?
4. What is meant by democratic decentralization? Assess the working of
Panchayati Raj in India.
5. Write short notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words
(a) Education and social mobility
(b) Satya Sadhak Samaj
(c) Privatization and globalisation
(d) Social consequences of alcoholism and drug addiction
6. Critically evaluate the existing welfare programmes for women in India.
Have they benefited all sections of women in India?
7. Explain the concept of secular state and discuss the problems of India as
a secular state.
8. Elaborate the concept of political elite. Explain how social structural
origins of political elites influence their political orientations.