(Exam Paper) UPSC IAS Mains 2010: General Studies
Paper - I
1. Answer the following (in about 250 words for each answer): 20 × 2 = 40
(a) “Disputes between the- riparian states on sharing of river waters in
post- Independence India are becoming increasingly complex.” Objectively analyse
the major disputes in this connection, with special reference to the Southern
(b) Critically examine the differing estimates for (i) poverty figures, and
(ii) GDP growth data for April-June 2010, that have been in the news recently.
In your view, what estimates are more reflective of the ground reality, and why
2. Answer any TWO of the following in about 150 words each: 12 × 2 = 24
(a) “Dalhousie’s predecessors had acted on the general principles of avoiding
annexations, if these could be avoided. Dalhousie acted on the principles of
annexation, if lie could do so legitimately. His annexations were both of war
and peace.” Analyse.
(b) With respect to Cooperative Societies what are the salient features of
the 106th and 111th Constitutional Amendment Bills as at present?
(c) “Small-holder farms need to be strengthened to achieve national food
security.” Do you agree with this assessment? Substantiate.
3. Answer any TWO of the following in about 150 words each: 12 × 2 = 24
(a) Comment on the spatial components in urban solid waste management in the
(b) Assess the contributions made by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research
(ICAR) in agricultural development.
(c) List the significant local storms of the hot-weather season .F in the
country and bring out their socio-economic impact.
4. Answer any TWO of the following in about 150 words each: 12 × 2 = 24
(a) What are the grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament from
either House? Quote relevant provisions in your answer.
(b) Distinguish between the objectives, structure and functioning of the
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan’ and the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti
(c) Bring out the salient features of the evolution and the current status of
the ‘Bharat Stage’ vehicle emission norms in the country.
5. Write brief but precise notes on any SIX of the following. Your answer
should not exceed 50 words in each case. 5 × 6 = 30
(a) Transhumance in India
(b) Frontogenesis and Frontolysis
(c) Golden Revolution
(d) Sea-floor spreading
(e) Legislative powers assigned to the Rajya Sabha under Art. 249 and Art. 312
of the Constitution
(f) Causes for dominant dendritic pattern of drainage in the Gangetic plains
(g) ‘Break-of-bulk” towns
6. Answer any THREE of the following in about 150 words each: 12 × 3 = 36
(a) While bringing out their salient features, distinguish between either
‘Madhubani’ Art and ‘Manjusha’ Art or ‘Rajasthani’ schools of painting and the
‘Pahari’ school of Painting.
(b) Bring out the powers and responsibilities attached to the office of the
Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
(c) Distinguish between the following four literary awards:
(i) Jnanpith Award
(ii) Sahitya Akademi Award
(iii) Vyas Samman
(iv) Saraswati Summan
(d) After the September Ist changes, do you think that Unit Linked Insurance
Plans (ULIPs) and Mutual Funds (MFs) are on a level playing field ? Substantiate
your answer from the perspective of an ordinary investor.
7. Answer any FIVE of the following in about 150 words each: 12 x 5 = 60
(a) What do you understand by ‘repo rate’ and ‘reverse repo rate? What are
the implications in raising these rates?
(b) “Cost-benefit analysis should not be the sole consideration, while deciding
to host events like the Commonwealth Games.” Critically comment on this
(c) List any eight ‘Ramsar’ wetland sites located in India. What is the ‘Montreux
Record’ and what Indian sites are included in this Record?
(d) Are the ‘Dedicated Freight Corridor’ railway project and the ‘Golden
Quadrilateral’ road project mutually complementary or competitive ? Assess.
(e) “Upliftment of the neglected sections of society will be best served with
many more centers of the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University:” Expand on
the assertion made.
(f) Comment on the salient features of the recent (-aft Model Real Estate
(Regulation of Development) Ac of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty
Alleviation of the Central Government.
8. Answer each of the following, briefly but precisely. Each answer should
be less than 50 words. 5 × 6 = 30
(a) How is disagreement between the Legislative Council and the Legislative
Assembly of a State in passing of an ordinary Bill, resolved?
(b) Comment on the recent HFC-23 emissions controversy that includes in its
ambit some Indian companies.
(c) Comment on the recommendations of the Wadhwa Commission on the Public
(d) What are the salient features of The National Oil Soil Disaster Contingency
(e) You arrive first at, the scene where a bus accident as just occurred. What
emergency measures should immediately and safely adopt?
(f) Bring out the sectoral and state-wise distribution patterns of Foreign
Direct Investment (FDI) inflows into the country.
9. Write brief notes on each of the following, in about 20 words each: 2 ×
8 = 1
(a) Contributions of Latika Ghosh to the freedom struggle
(b) Bhai Maharaj Singh as a freedom fighter
(e) Babli Project
(f) ‘SwavaJamban’ Scheme
(g) National Investment Fund
(h) ‘Aerostat’ balloon
10. Who are the following and why have been in the news recently? (Each
answer should not exceed 20 words) : 2 × 8 = 16
(a) Divya Ajithkumar
(b) N.C. Saxena
(c) Islam A. Siddiqui
(d) Swarnalatha Cherukutty
(e) Nitin Nohria
(f) Deepak Mondal
(g) Gaurav Singh Saini
(h) Upendra Limaye
Paper - II
1. Answer the following in not more than 250 words each: 20 × 2 = 40
(a) Critically examine the implications of the disintegration of the Soviet
Union on India’s security and strategic perspectives. What further responses
would you suggest in India’s foreign policy to accommodate these implications?
(b) Evaluate India’s approach towards meeting the country’s growing energy
demands. Compare the success of this approach with that of another Asian giant
which has perhaps the fastest growing energy demands.
2. Answer any FOUR of the following in not more than 150 words each : 12 ×
4 = 48
(a) How far have Japan’s principles of Hikaku San Gensoku impacted bilateral
ties with India?
(b) Assess the contributions of Indian Diaspora in the Caribbean.
(c) Do you agree with the view that Israel is a ‘natural ally’ ; of India?
(d) Bring out the FDI and employment implications of China being a manufacturing
hub and India a services hub?
e) Have the Uruguay Round negotiations and the resultant Trade Related
Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement helped in resolving trade
conflicts arising out of variations in different nations’ IPR regimes? Also list
the steps taken by India to conform to TRIPS.
(f) Examine the recent developments towards the solution of the Bangladesh-
Myanmar maritime boundary dispute. What implications do these have for India?
3. Answer any EIGHT of the following in not more than 50 words each : 5 ×
8 = 40
(a) Compare and contrast the role of the IMF with that of the World Bank.
(b) What are the major capacity-building and reconstruction projects being
undertaken by India in Afghanistan?
(c) Bring out the significance of GDI and GEM as components of the UN’s Human
Development Report (HDR). Comment on India’s relative rankings with regard to
HDI and GDI.
(d) What is ‘Round Tripping’ in the context of FDI inflow, and why has it been
in the news recently in the case of India?
(e) Comment on the reason for the recent hike in visa processing fees for
certain categories of US visas. What is the likely impact of this hike on India?
(f) In the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC), distinguish between ‘Annex I’ and ‘Annex II’ countries.
(g) Highlight the role of the Indian peacekeeping contingent as part of MONUSCO.
(h) List the salient features of the Riyadh declaration and the bilateral
agreements between India and Saudi Arabia signed earlier this year.
(i) Comment on the reasons for the recent economic crisis in the so-called
‘PIGS’ countries of Europe.
4. Answer any TWO of the following in not more than 150 words each : 12 ×
2 = 24
(a) Examine the opportunities for a lasting West Asia peace solution in the
context of the ‘historic’ talks started in September 2010.
(b) Has the February agreement between the Sudanese government and the Justice
and Equality Movement (JEM) been more successful in ending the strife in Darfur
than the Abuja peace agreement of 2006 “? Evaluate.
(c) Comment on the present status of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).
What important issues, do you think, need to be taken up at the seventh review
conference of the BWC scheduled for 2011?
5. Answer any FOUR of the following in not more than 150 words each : 12 ×
4 = 48
(a) Bring out the applications of computer models in studying climate
changes, with special reference to the Community Earth System Model (CESM).
(b) What is phytoremediation ? Discuss its applications.
(c) Explain and differentiate among ‘Plasma’, ‘LCD’ and ‘LED’ television
(d) What is ‘cloud computing’? Bring out its essential features and list its
advantages and limitations.
(e) Discuss the applications of nanotechnology in the health care sector.
6. Comment on any THREE of the following in not more than 50 words each: 5
× 3 = 15
(a) Rotterdam Convention
(b) The Mavi Marmara incident
(c) Significance of the Kampala declaration of the International Criminal Court
(d) Trial chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC)
and its recent verdict.
7. Comment on any SIX of the following in not more than 50 words each : 5
× 6 = 30
(a) MRSA infection
(b) HRP-2M Choromet
(c) Maglev vehicles
(d) Super absorbent polymers (SAP)
(e) Ginkgo biloba
(g) Various generations of mobile phone technology
8. Who/What are the following and why have they been in the news recently?
(Your answers should be in a sentence or two only): 3 × 8 = 24
(a) Craig Venter
(b) Shahran Amid
(c) Wolfram Alpha
(d) ‘Dreamliner’ aircraft
(e) Blue gene project
(f) ‘Predator’ drones
(g) ‘Deepwater Horizon’ incident
(h) ACTN 3 gene
(a) The distribution of rent of 150 residential houses surveyed in a locality
is as follows
Rent in Rs. Number of Houses
Find : (i) The percentage of houses having rent higher than ‘ 300.
(ii) The percentage of houses having rent more than 1 250 but less than Z 401. 5
(b) Workout the trend values by any suitable method from the following data
showing the number of murders (in thousand) in a country for the years
If the total proposed outlay on different heads is rs. 4,34,100 crores at
1991-92 prices, obtain separately the proposed outlay on each of the heads and
make an overall comment. 4
(d) Represent the following data through a suitable diagram:
(a) Data on flight arrivals from several cities for two airlines are shown
below for the last six months. 5
Table : Citywise “ontime and delayed flights” for airlines A and B
It is known that City II was mostly sunny and City V was mostly foggy during
the six month period of data collection. Compare the performance of the two
airlines A and B over the cities, in terms of percentage of delayed flights.
What is your conclusion when the data on all the cities are combined.
(b) The arithmetic mean of two observations is 127.5 and their geometric mean
is 60. Find (i) the two observations and (ii) their harmonic— mean. 3
(c) The following table shows the number of bushels of wheat and corn
produced in a farm during the years 1950-1960.Express the yearly number of
bushels of wheat and corn as percentages of total annual production. Graph the
percentages by suitable bar charts and comment. 4
(d) Following are the maximum daily temperature (°C) recorded in a week in a
particular city :
38, 40, 36, 35, 30, 32, 34
During that week the average maximum daily temperature in another city was
92°F Determine which city on the average, has higher maximum daily temperature
during that week.