(Exam Paper) UPSC IAS Mains 2012: General Studies
Paper - I
1. Answer any five of the following in about 250 words each: 25 × 5 = 125
(a) What do you understand by the term “Innovation”? Discuss the need for
launching a national innovation in India?
(b) Keeping in view the informal sector’s share in the total workforce in the
country, critically examine the relevant inclusive measures initiated by the
Government of India and their effectiveness.
(c) Examine the cause and the extent of ‘desertification’ in India and suggest
(d) In the context of the growing demands for the ban of Endosutian in the
country, critically examine the issues involved. What, in your view, should be
done in the matter?
(e) “The Indian independence movement was a mass-based movement the encompassed
various sections of society. It also underwent the process of constant
ideological evolution.” Critically examine.
(f) ‘The issues of tourism in core areas of tiger reserve forests in the country
is a subject matter of debate. Critically examine various aspects of this issue,
keeping in view relevant recent judicial pronouncements.
2. Answer any seven of the following in about 150 words each: 15 × 7 = 105
(a) “There is an urgent need for the Planning Commission to revise the
chapter on health in the 12th Plan document” Comment.
(b) The Union Cabinet recently cleared the proposal to rename and amend the
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. What are the salient
features of the proposed amendments?
(c) “Domestic resource mobilization, though central to the process of Indian
economic growth, is characterized by several constraints.” Explain.
(d) The ‘flute-playing Krishna’ theme is very popular in Indian art. Discuss
(e) What are the salient features of the Consumer Protections (Amendment) Bill,
2011 introduced in the Lok Sabha in December 2011?
(f) What do you understand by the term “Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis” (MDR-TB)?
What measures would you advocate for its containment and what are the
implications of its spread in the community?
(g) Given the accelerated pace development and demand for energy, would you
consider renewable energy as a viable option for India’s future?
(h) Many food items contain ‘trance fate’. What do you understand by this term?
Which Indian food items contain Trans fats? What are the implications of trans
fats on human health?
3. Answer the following in about 50 words each: 5 × 11 = 55
(a) What is the ‘Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat’?
(b) List the main objective of the National Manufacturing Policy (NMP), 2011.
(c) Comment on the significance of Rasaranava in studying the history of Indian
(d) What are the Rights within the ambit of Article 21 of the Indian
(e) Comment on the significance of the Preamble contained in the Right to
(f) To implement one key recommendation of the Mohini Giri Committee, the
Government has recently announced the constitution of a National Council.
Highlight the composition and the mandate of the National Council.
(g) Comment on the recent launching of the National Mission on Libraries (NML).
(h) What are the groups into which musical instruments in India have
traditionally been classified?
(i) Comment on the significant of fire in Zorozstrianism.
(j) Why is Lauric Baker called ‘the conscience keeper of Indian architecture’?
(k) You are stationed in a small district town in the plains of Northern India.
The summer has been severe. Suddenly, a colleague, who had been out since
morning, returns to the office
complaining of headache, restlessness and confusion. Shortly, he becomes
unconscious. His body temperature is 40°C. What first aid steps would you take
to revive him?
4. Comment on each of the following in about 20 words each: 2 × 5 = 10
(a) The significance of Patharughat in the Indian freedom struggle.
(b) Bangurumba folk dance
(c) Determining the ‘value’ assigned to the vote of a Member of a State
Legislative Assembly and of a Member of Parliament in the Indian Presidential
(d) Significance of the SPOT-6 rocket launch for ISRO
(e) Issues highlighted through the work of Palagummi Sainath
5. Why have the following been in the news recently? (Answer to be in one
sentence only) 1 × 5 = 5
(a) P.V. Sindhu
(b) Aditya Kumar Mandi
(c) Cyrus Mistry
(d) Ashoke Sen
(e) Mario de Miranda