(Download) UPSC IAS Mains 2013 : Public Administration
Paper - I
:: Section A ::
Q.1 Answer the following, questions in not more than 150 words each.
5 questions x 10 marks each.
How did the traditional Public Administration resolve the
fundamentally irresolvable problem- creating an administration strong enough
to be effect but not strong enough to endanger accountability?
The theory of organizational incompetence has two separate and
distinct faces. Examine Chris Argyris’ views on this
In the globalized Public Administration, hierarchy creates more
ethical problems than it solves. Comment
Public Administration in the neo-liberal era is government less
by the instruments of accountability and more by those of external
Discuss the views that “tribunals should have the same degree of
independence from the Executive as that enjoyed by the supreme court and high
courts, especially for those tribunals that look over the functions of high
New Public Administration may have neither been the savior
its enthusiasts promised, nor the devil its critics worried it would be.
“The design of physical structures, the anatomy of the
organization came first, and was indeed the principle consideration.” “An
organization is a system of interrelated social behaviors of participants”
Analyses these statements and evaluate the contribution of the respective
approach to Administrative theory.
Decisions are not made by organizations, but by human beings
behaving as the members of organizations. How do Bernard and Herbert A.
Simon conceptualize the relation between decision of the individual employee
and the organizational authority?
A variety of different organizational arrangement can be used to
provide different public goods and services. Example the theory underlying this
proposition and its potential contribution.
What is the nature of psychological contract persued by
organizational management through authority and employees through exertion of
Structure theory is by and large, grounded in classical
principles of efficiency, effectiveness and productivity.
Public interest is still inadequate as a ground concept to
evaluate public policy.
:: Section B ::
Answer all five, in not more than 150 words each. 10 marks x 5 =
Comparative Public Administration both resembles and differs
from modern organization theory. elaborate
In organizational analysis, there is always gender around (Gouldner).
What is Administrative elitism? How does it evolve in Public
Administration? elaborate your response with reference to historical examples
The success of e-government projects in most developing
countries s is state to be rather low. Assess the reason.
What new models of budgetary capacity and incapacity have
emerged after the decline of planning programming budgeting and zero based
“For those who use the euphemism of ‘shared power’ for
participation, the appropriate literature for guidance is practical politics
and not organization and Management.” “Stronger state and strong civil
society are the need to develop both participatory democracy and responsive
government as mutually reinforcing and supportive.” Bring out the myths and
realities associate with public participation.
“….in most cases….newly independent states, of the nations of
Africa, Asia and Latin America, despite their differences…are in transition.” (Ferrel
Heady). What common features are indicative of characteristics of their
Administrative patterns (cultures)?
“To talk about the regulatory framework is to talk about short
governance.” Analyze the statement in the context of public private partnership
and identify the elements of regulation.
Economic reforms are a work in progress, with the state
reluctant to fully relinquish its reins. Discussion the statement with
regard to implementation of economic reforms in India .
“the policy process was not structured in the way required by
bureaucratic planning.” ”Arguably, instrumentalism now stands most in contrast
to neo liberal nationality that impose market against both gradual change and
democratic liberalism.” analyses these two statements. 20 marks.
Budget allocations involves series of tensions between actors
with different backgrounds, orientations and interests and between the short
term goals and long term institutional requirements. Discuss. 15 marks
(a) Read following instances carefully and suggest what
specific perspectives on organizational psychology of motivation would help the
concerned organization to reconcile the needs of the following four persons with
the needs of organization: 30m
Mr.A comes to his office with clocklike punctuality; does
his work with impeccable honesty and integrity; takes orders from above
gladly; responds well to overtures by peers; but neither mixes with anyone
himself nor seeks anyone’s company. what is more, he seem quite happy in his
Mr.B is an efficient charge hand at the welding shop. He is very
outgoing and makes friends fast, but falls out with them very fast too. He is,
however, easily pacified when anyone asks him to calm down in the name of the
Mr.C is completely happy and absorbed when he is teaching in the
classes, and doesn’t at all mind when is workload gets heavier and covers new
areas. But he gets angry when the finance section raises objection about his
medical bills; and is furious that the higher administration is yet to give him
Mr.D is a metallurgist in the forge shop of the steel plan, and
has received honors for his innovativeness in modifying conventional alloys. He
also paints well and values his painting skills far more than his metallurgy and
is extremely unhappy that company house journal did not finally carry his water
sketch on its front cover.
(b). Suppose the government of India is thinking of
constructing a dam in a mountain valley girded by forests and inhibited by
ethnic communities. What rational techniques of policy analysis should it
resorts to for coping with likely uncertainties and unforeseen contingencies.