(Paper) UPSC IAS Mains General Studies Paper - IV
Categorized Exam Paper - 2016
a) Explain how ethics contributes to social and human well-being. (150 words)
10 (Ethics and Human Interface)
b) Why should impartiality and non-pertisanship be considered
as foundational values in public services, especially in the present day
socio-political context? Illustrate your answer with examples. (150 words) 10
(Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service)
a) What do you understand by the terms ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and
‘ethical governance’? (150 words) 10 (Public/Civil service values and Ethics
in Public administration)
b) Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concept of seven sins. (150 words)
(Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world)
a) Analyse John rawls’s concept of social justice in the Indian Context. (150
word) 10 (Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and
b) Discuss the Public Services Code as recommended by the 2ndAdministrative
Refroms Commission. (150 words) 10 (Codes of Ethics)
a) “Corruption causes misuse of government treasury,
administrative inefficiency and obstruction in the path of national
development.” Discuss Kautilya’s views.. (150 words). 10 (Contributions of
moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world)
b) How could social influence and persuasion contribute to the success of
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan? (150 word). 10 ( social influence and persuasion)
Q.5) Law and ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling
human conduct so as to make it conducive to civilized social existence.
a) Discuss how they achieve this objective.
b) Giving examples, show how the two differ in their approaches. (150 words)
10 (Ethics and Human Interface)
Q.6) Our attitudes towards life, work, other people
and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the family and the social
surroundings in which we grow up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes
and values are often undesirable in the citizens of a modern democratic and
a) Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in Today’s educated Indians.
b) How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socio-ethical values
considered necessary in public services be cultivated in the aspiring and
serving civil servants? (150 words) 10 (Ethics and Human Interface)
Q.7) Anger is a harmful negative emotion. It is injurious to both
personal life and work life.
a) Discuss how it leads to negative emotions and undesirable behaviors.
b) How can hit be managed and controlled? (150 Words) 10 (Emotional
Q.8) “Max Webar said that it is not wise to apply to
public administration the sort of moral and ethical norms we apply to matters of
personal conscience. It is important to realize that the state bureaucracy might
possess its own independent bureaucratic morality.” Critically analyse this
statement. (150 words) 10 (Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers
from India and world)
Case Study I :
Q.9) A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a
prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good.
However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste
is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health
problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water
needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been
with the company for longer periods. They advise her tokeep quite as anyone who
mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk losingher job as she
is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents
and siblings. At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why
should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to
save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the
advice of silence given by her frinds is not correct though she cannot give
reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.
a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not
b) What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why? (250 words) 20
Case Study II :
Q.10) Land needed for mining, dams and other
large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural
communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the
legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, hit cannot
sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess marketable
skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant
laborers. Moreover, their development go to industries, industrialists and urban
communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This
unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical. Suppose you have been
entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation
policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what
would be the main elements of your suggested policy? (250 words) 20
Case Study III :
Q.11) Suppose you are an officer in-charge of
implementing a social service scheme to provide support to old and destitute
women. An old and illiterate woman comes to you to avail the benefits of the
scheme. However, she has no documents to show that she fulfils the eligibility
criteria. But after meeting her and listening to her you feel that she certainly
needs support. Your enquiries also show that she is really destitute and living
in a pitiable condition. You are in a dilemma as to what to do. Putting her
under the scheme without necessary documents would clearly be violation of
rules. But denying her the support would be cruel and inhuman.
a) Can you think of a rational way to resolve this dilemma?
b) Give your reasons for it. (250 words) 20
Case Study IV:
Q.12) You are a young, aspiring and sincere employee
in a Government office working as an assistant to the director of your
department. Since you have joined recently, you need to lean and progress.
Luckily your superior is very kind and ready to train you for your job. He is a
very intelligent and well-informed person having knowledge of various
departments. In short, you respect your boss and are looking forward to lean a
lot from him.
Since you have good tuning with the boss, he started depending on you. One
day due to ill health he invited you at his place for finishing some urgent
You reached his house and before you could ring the bell you
heard shouting noises. You waited for a while. After entering the house the boss
greeted you and explained the work. But you were constantly disturbed by the
crying of a woman. At last, you inquired with the boss but his answer did not
Next day, you were compelled to inquire further in the office
and found out that his behavior is very bad at home with his wife. He also beats
up bit wife. His wife is not well educated and is a simple woman in comparison
to her husband. you see that though your boss is a nice person in the office, he
is engaged in domestic violence at home.
In such a situation, you are left with the following options. Analyse each
option with its consequences.
a) just ignore thinking about it because it is their personal matter.
b) Repost the case to the appropriate authority.
c) Your own innovative approach towards the situation. (250 words) 20
Case Study V :
Q.13) ABC Ltd. Is a large transnational company having
diversified business activities with a huge shareholder base. The company is
continuously expanding the generating employment. The company, in its expansion
and diversification programme, decides to establish a new plant at Vikaspuri, an
area which is underdeveloped. The new plant is designed to use energy efficient
technology that will help the company to save production cost by 20%. The
company’s decision goes well with the Government policy of attracting investment
to develop such underdeveloped regions. The government has also announced tax
holiday for five years for the companies that invest in underdeveloped areas.
However, the new plant may bring chaos for the inhabitants of Vikaspuri region,
which is otherwise tranquil. The new plant may result in increased cost of
living, aliens migrating to the region, disturbing the social and economic
order. The company sensing the possible protest tried to educate the people of
Vikaspuri region and public in general that how its Corporate Social
Responsibility (CSR) policy would help overcome the likely difficulties of the
residents of Vikaspuri region. In spite of this the protests begin and some of
the residents decided to approach the judiciary as their plea before the
Government did not yield any result.
a) Identify the issues involved in the case
b) What can be suggested to satisfy the company’s goal and to address the
residents’ concern? (300 words) 25
Case Study VI :
Q.14) Saraswati was a successful IT professional in
USA. Moved by the patriotic sense of doing something for the country she
returned to India. Together with some other like-minded friends, she formed an
NGO to build a school for a poor rural community.
The objective of the school was to provide the best quality
modern education at a nominal cost. She soon discovered that she has to seek
permission from a number of Government agencies. The rules and procedures were
quite confusing and cumbersome. What frustrated her most was delays, callous
attitude of officials and constant demand for bribes. Her experience and the
experience of many others like her has deterred people from taking up social
A measure of Government control over voluntary social work is
necessary. But it should not be exercised in a coercive a corrupt manner. What
measures can you suggest to ensure that due control is exercised but well
meaning, honest NGO efforts are not thwarted? (300 words). 25