Sources of IAS Mains GS (Paper - II) - 2015
Ques 1: Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for
its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of
Ques 2: The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly
emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure
and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.
Ques 3: In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government
system, `Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions
and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss.
Ques 4: Khap Panchayats have been in the news for functioning as
extra-constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to
human rights violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by the
legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard.
Ques 5: Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of
the spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While noting the rationales
justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyze whether the decisions of
the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power.
Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed?
Ques 6: What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and
Conciliation Act, 1996 through the recent Ordinance promulgated by the
President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism?
Ques 7: Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on
burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian
Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex Court in this regard.
Ques 8: Examine critically the recent changes in the rules governing
foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA),
Ques 9: The Self-Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP), which is
India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty
alleviation and women empowerment programmes. Elucidate.
Ques 10: How can the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development
works relating to protection of the environment? Discuss throwing light on the
Ques 11: The quality of higher education in India requires major
improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry
of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and
technical education in the country? Discuss.
Ques 12: Public health system has limitations in providing universal
health coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the
gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest?
Ques 13: Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in
India, all indicate reduction in poverty levels over time. Do you agree?
Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.
Ques 14: In the light of the Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes
brought in corporate governance to ensure transparency, accountability.
Ques 15: "If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act, 2011 tabled in the
Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate.
Ques 16: “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure
that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous.” Discuss in
the light of the experiences in recent past.
Ques 17: Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons.
Ques 18: Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a
permanent seat in UN Security Council.
Ques 19: Project `Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative
of the Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the
project have a strategic dimension? Discuss.
Ques 20: Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded
India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and
cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries?
Discuss with suitable examples.
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