India & The World
INDIA AND CHINA
The Ministry of Power of the Government of India and the
National Energy Administration of the Government of China on 23 October 2013
signed the deal to further strengthen and deepen cooperation in the energy
sector under the India- China Strategic Economic Dialogue. The energy
cooperation and the proposal for setting up Chinese Power Equipment Service
Centres (PESCs) in India was discussed at the SED Working Group Meeting on
Energy that took place in Beijing on 26 September 2013. India has become a
strategic market for Chinese power equipment manufacturers and that 18 GW of
thermal power projects were commissioned under India’s 11th Five Year plan using
Chinesemanufactured equipment and about 40GW of power projects are currently
under construction using Chinesemade equipment.
Important Provisions of Cooperation Programme
1. The service centres would be adequately provided with equipment,
personnel, spares and other facilities so as to enable them to provide all
requisite spars and services support within India.
2. The PESCs will be set up in India on market principles. The costs and
terms of servicing power equipment will be decided between the PESCs and the end
3. The companies will make themselves fully conversant with the relevant
rules/ regulations/statutes/approvals and processes being applicable for setting
up of such PESCs in India.
4. The PESCs would be directly responsible for provision of
requisite services to the Indian power generating companies on mutually
acceptable terms and conditions (between the PESCs and the Indian power
generating companies) and in accordance with applicable Indian
laws/rules/statutes and this MoU shall not in any-way confer any special or
preferential status/treatment to the PESCs.
India and China Signed Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA)
India and China signed nine agreements/Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
including the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) on 23 October 2013.
The main objective of the Border Defence Cooperation
Agreement is to avoid border tensions and army face-offs along the Line of
Actual Control (LAC) by deciding that neither side will use military capability
to attack the other side nor tail patrols along the border.
The other agreements/ Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) were
Management of Trans- Border Rivers, MoU on Nalanda University, Cultural Exchange
Programme 2013-15, MoU on Cooperation in Road Transport and Highways, MoU on
Power Equipment Service Centres in India, Agreement between Delhi-Beijing on
Establishment of Sister City Relationship, Agreement between Kolkata – Kunming
on Establishment of Sister City Relationship.
Highlights of the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA)
- India and China shall carry out border defense cooperation on the basis
of their respective laws and relevant bilateral agreements.
- Both countries agreed to exchange of information including information
about military exercises, aircrafts, demolition operations and unmarked
mines-and take consequent measures conducive to the maintenance of peace,
stability and tranquility along the line of actual control in the
India-China border areas.
- Both countries agreed to work jointly to combat smuggling of arms,
wildlife, wildlife articles and other contrabands.
- Both countries agreed that they shall not follow or tail patrols of the
other side in areas where there is no common understanding of the line of
actual control in the India-China border areas.
In case a doubtful situation arises with reference to any
activity by either side in border areas where there is no common
understanding of the line of actual control, either side has the right to
seek a clarification from the other side. In such cases, the clarification
shall be sought and replies to them shall be conveyed through any of the
mechanisms established under this Agreement.
- Both countries agreed that if the border defense forces of the two sides
come to a faceto- face situation in areas where there is no common
understanding of the line of actual control, both sides shall exercise
maximum selfrestraint, refrain from any provocative actions, not use force
or threaten to use force against the other side, treat each other with
courtesy and prevent exchange of fire or armed conflict.
Both countries shall implement this Agreement without
prejudice to their respective positions on the alignment of the line of
actual control as well as on the boundary question.
India and China Signed 9 MoUs Including the Border Defense Cooperation
India and China signed 9 MoUs/agreements including the Border
Defense Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) to maintain peace and tranquility on the
Line of Actual Control, on 23 October 2013 during the official visit of Indian
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to China. List of Agreements/MoUs signed between
India and China during PM’s Official Visit to China