After facing the disappointmet at the Nuclear security council, India has
received a great strategic benefit in the Missile Technology Control regime. The
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) is an informal political understanding
among states that seek to limit the proliferation of missiles and missile
technology. The Missile Technology Control Regime was formed in 1987 by the G-7
industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, and the
United States). There are now 35 members in the regime with India being the
latest one joining in 2016. India's inclusion would help country in many ways
like in buying high end missile technologies from other countries and in buy
Surveillance drones from the other promising parties : India is very keen to
use. The MTCR was initiated by likeminded countries to address theincreasing
proliferation of nuclear weapons by addressing the most destabilizing delivery
system for such weapons. In 1992, the MTCR's original focus on missiles for
nuclear weapons delivery was extended to a focus on MTCR the proliferation of
missiles for the delivery of all types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD),
i.e., nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. Such proliferation has been
identified as a threat to international peace and security.
As with all MTCR decisions, the decision to admit a new partner is taken by
consensus. In making membership decisions, partners tend to consider whether a
prospective new member would strengthen international non proliferation efforts,
demonstrates a sustained and sustainable commitment to non proliferation, has a
legally based effective export control system that puts into effect the MTCR
Guidelines and procedures, and administers and enforces such controls
effectively. The group does not have an observer category. MTCR partners hold an
annual Plenary Meeting chaired on a rotational basis. The Plenary host becomes
the Chair of the MTCR for the period extending to the next Plenary. The MTCR has
no secretariat.Distribution of the Regime's working papers is carried out
through a Point of Contact (POC), the functions of which are performed by the
of Foreign Affairs of France.
The aim of the MTCR is to restrict the proliferation in the following:
- complete rocket systems;
- unmanned air vehicles;
- and related technology for those systems capable of carrying a 500 kilogram
payload at least 300 kilometres;
- as well as systems intended for the delivery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
The Regime's controls are applicable to certain complete rocket systems (to
include ballistic missiles, space launch vehicles (SLVs), and sounding rockets)
and unmanned air vehicle (UAV) systems (to include cruise missiles, drones, UAVs,
and remotely piloted vehicles (RPVs)). The MTCR does not take export licensing
decisions as a group. Rather, individual partners are responsible for
implementing the Guidelines and Annex on the basis of sovereign national
discretion and in accordance with national legislationand practice. A country
can choose to adhere to the MTCR Guidelines without being obligated to join the
group, and a number have done so.
MTCR Partners welcome opportunities to conduct broader dialogue on proliferation
issues with such countries.
While there is no formal linkage, the activities of the MTCR are consistent
with the UN's nonproliferation and export control efforts. The MTCR is not a
treaty and does not impose any legally binding obligations on Partners members.
Rather, it is an informal political understanding among states that seek to
limit the proliferation of missiles and missile technology. The MTCR seeks to
limit the risks of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction WMD by
controlling exports of goods and technologies that could make a contribution to
delivery systems other than manned aircraft for such weapons. In this context,
the Regime places particular focus on rockets and unmanned aerial vehicles
capable of delivering a payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km
and on equipment, software, and technology for such systems.
The MTCR Annex is the Regime's list of controlled items including virtually
all key equipment, materials, software, and technology needed for missile
development, production, and operation - that are controlled by MTCR Partners
and adherents. The Annex is divided into two parts: Category I and Category II
items. In 2003, MTCR Partners amended the Guidelines to require all Partners to
have catch-all export controls. These controls form the basis for controlling
the export of items not included on a control list when they may be intended for
use in connection with delivery systems for WMD other than manned aircraft.
Additionally, consistent with the Guidelines, Partners are to exercise
particular restraint in consideration of any items on the Annex or of any
missiles whether or not on the Annex if the exporting government judges that
they are intended to be used for WMD delivery - and such exports are to be
subject to a strong presumption of denial.
Category I items include complete rocket and unmanned aerial vehicle systems
including ballistic missiles, space launch vehicles, sounding rockets, cruise
missiles, target drones, and reconnaissance drones, capable of delivering a
payload of at least 500 kg to a range of at least 300 km, their major complete
subsystems such as rocket stages, engines, guidance sets, and re-entry vehicles,
and related software and technology, as well as specially designed production
facilities for these items. Category II items include other less-sensitive and
dual-use missile related components, as well as other complete missile systems
capable of a range of at least 300 km, regardless of payload. Their export is
subject to licensing requirements taking into consideration the
non-proliferation factors specified in the MTCR Guidelines. Exports judged by
the exporting country to be intended for
use in WMD delivery are to be subjected to a strong presumption of denial.
There are various benefits which India will get after getting the membership
of MTCR. These benefits include:
- Greater bargaining power to buy and sell High end technology.
- India wants to use drones for various purposes like agriculture, disaster managment etc. Membership provides India better opportunity to get the drones.
- It will be a boost to Make in India as well as to defence export.
- It can help India in getting the Nuclear suppliers group membership.
The MTCR Guidelines do not distinguish between exports to Partners and
exports to non-Partners. The only activity prohibited absolutely by the
Guidelines, to which all 34 Partner countries voluntarily subscribe, is the
export of production facilities for Category I MTCR Annex items. Moreover, the
MTCR Partners have explicitly affirmed that membership in the Regime provides no
entitlement to obtain technology from another Partner and no obligation to
supply it. Partners are expected to exercise appropriate accountability and
restraint in trade among Partners, just as they would in trade between Partners
and non-Partners. Partners are bound by a "no-undercut" policy to consult each
other before considering exporting an item on the list that has been notified as
denied by another Partner pursuant to the MTCR Guidelines.