Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC)
Mains Examination Syllabus - Mechanical Engineering
PAPER - I
1.1 Mechanics of rigid bodies:
Equations of equilibrium in space and its application; first
and second moments of area; simple problems on friction; kinematics of particles
for plane motion; elementary particle dynamics.
1.2 Mechanics of deformable bodies:
Generalized Hooke’s law and its application; design problems
on axial stress, shear stress and bearing stress; material properties for
dynamic loading; bending shear and stresses in beams;. determination of
principle stresses and strains—analytical and graphical; compound and combined
stresses; bi-axial stresses—thin walled pressure vessel; material behaviour and
design factors for dynamic load; design of circular shafts for bending and
torsional load only; deflection of beam for statically determinate problems;
theories of failure.
2. Engineering Materials:
Basic concepts on structure of solids; common ferrous and
non-ferrous materials and their applications; heat-treatment of steels;
non-metals- plastics, ceramics, composite materials and nano-materials.
3. Theory of Machines:
Kinematic and dynamic analysis of plane mechanisms. Cams,
Gears and epicyclic gear trains, flywheels, governors, balancing of rigid
rotors, balancing of single and
multicylinder engines, linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single
degree of freedom), Critical speeds and whirling of shafts.
4. Manufacturing Science:
4.1 Manufacturing Process:
Machine tool engineering—Merchant’s force analysis; Taylor’s
tool life equation; conventional machining; NC and CNC machining process; jigs
and fixtures. Non-conventional machining – EDM, ECM, ultrasonic, water jet
machining etc; application of lasers and plasmas; energy rate calculations.
Forming and welding processes—standard processes.
Metrology—concept of fits and tolerances; tools and gauges;
comparators; inspection of length; position; profile and surface finish.
4.2. Manufacturing Management:
System design: factory location—simple OR models; plant
layout— methods based; applications of engineering economic analysis and break—
even analysis for product selection, process selection and capacity planning;
predetermined time standards. System planning; forecasting methods based on
regression and decomposition, design and balancing of multi model and stochastic
assembly lines; Inventory management— probabilistic inventory models for order
time and order quantity determination; JIT systems; strategic sourcing; managing
inter plant logistics.
System operations and control: Scheduling algorithms for job
shops; applications of statistical methods for product and process quality
control —applications of control charts for mean, range, percent defective,
number of defectives and defects per unit; quality cost systems; management of
resources, organizations and risks in projects. System improvement:
Implementation of systems, such as total quality management, developing and
managing flexible, lean and agile organizations.
PAPER - II
1. Thermodynamics, Gas Dynamics and Turbine:
1.1 Basic concept of First –law and second law of
Thermodynamics; concept of entropy and reversibility; availability and
unavailability and irreversibility.
1.2 Classification and properties of fluids; incompressible
and compressible fluids flows; effect of Mach number and compressibility;
continuity momentum and energy equations; normal and oblique shocks; one
dimensional isentropic flow; flow or fluids in duct with frictions that
1.3 Flow through fans, blowers and compressors; axial and
centrifugal flow configuration; design of fans and compressors; single problems
compresses and turbine cascade; open and closed cycle gas turbines; work done in
the gas turbine; reheat and regenerators.
2. Heat Transfer:
2.1 Conduction heat transfer—general conduction equation—Laplace,
Poisson and Fourier equations; Fourier law of conduction; one dimensional steady
state heat conduction applied to simple wall, solid and hollow cylinder &
2.2 Convection heat transfer—Newton’s law of convection; free
and forces convection; heat transfer during laminar and turbulent flow of an
incompressible fluid over a flat plate; concepts of Nusselt number, hydrodynamic
and thermal boundary layer their thickness; Prandtl number; analogy between heat
and momentum transfer—Reynolds, Colbum, Prandtl analogies; heat transfer during
laminar and turbulent flow through horizontal tubes; free convection from
horizontal and vertical plates.
2.3 Black body radiation—basic radiation laws such as Stefan-Boltzman,
Planck distribution, Wein’s displacement etc.
2.4 Basic heat exchanger analysis; classification of heat
3. I .C. Engines:
3.1 Classification, thermodynamic cycles of operation;
determination of break power, indicated power, mechanical efficiency, heat
balance sheet, interpretation of performance characteristics, petrol, gas and
3.2 Combustion in SI and CI engines, normal and abnormal
combustion; effect of working parameters on knocking, reduction of knocking;
Forms of combustion chamber for SI and CI engines; rating of fuels; additives;
3.3 Different systems of IC engines—fuels; lubricating;
cooling and transmission systems.
Alternate fuels in IC engines.
4. Steam Engineering:
4.1 Steam generation—modified Rankine cycle analysis; Modern
steam boilers; steam at critical and supercritical pressures; draught equipment;
natural and artificial draught; boiler fuels solid, liquid and gaseous fuels.
Steam turbines—principle; types; compounding; impulse and reaction turbines;
4.2 Steam nozzles—flow of steam in convergent and divergent
nozzle; pressure at throat for maximum discharge with different initial steam
conditions such as wet, saturated and superheated, effect of variation of back
pressure; supersaturated flow of steam in nozzles, Wilson line.
4.3 Rankine cycle with internal and external irreversibility;
reheat factor; reheating and regeneration, methods of governing; back pressure
and pass out turbines.
4.4 Steam power plants—combined cycle power generation; heat
recovery steam generators (HRSG) fired and unfired, co-generation plants.
5. Refrigeration and air-conditioning:
5.1 Vapour compression refrigeration cycle—cycle on p-H & T-s
diagrams; eco-friendly refrigerants—R134a,123; Systems like evaporators,
condensers, compressor, expansion devices. Simple vapour absorption systems.
5.2 Psychrometry—properties; processes; charts; sensible
heating and cooling; humidification and dehumidification effective temperature;
air-conditioning load calculation; simple duct design.
Courtesy : ppsc.gov.in