Premium Gist of Yojana: October 2012
- Q 1. Electronics System Design Manufacture 6 Point. ()
- Q 2. National Policy on Electronics ()
- Q 3. Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme ()
- Q 4. Future of Manufacturing ()
- Q 5. National E—Governance Plan ()
- Q 6. Integrated Approach to Implementation ()
- Q 7. Governance structure under ()
- Q 8. Components under NeGP ()
- Q 9. Mission Mode projects under ()
- Q 10. National Land Records Modernization program me ( NLRMP)
- Q 11. 7 Integrated MMPs are as follows:
- Q 12. 6 Mobile Phone and Component Manufacturing
Q. Electronics System Design Manufacture 6 Point.
1. The demand for electronics hardware in the country is
projected to increase from USD 45 billion in 2009 to USD 400 billion by 2020.
Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) hub to meet the domestic as
well as the global requirements. Most of India’s domestic demand is presently
being met through imports.
2. India produces just about 45 percent of the demands.
3. The domestic production growth rate stands at 16 percent and holding on to
this growth rate would give India a total production of USD 104 billion creating
a trade imbalance of USD 296 billion in the year 2020.
4. The electronics manufacturing sector is one of the very few sectors that
can provide high employments across all education levels.
Sector of National import once
- Major investments are expected in 3 major areas of strategic importance
to India; Defense. Avionics and Nuclear sector. Estimates state that India
is going to the 3rd largest market for defense equipment by the year 2015.
- India’s nuclear power is expected to contribute 25 percent to 50 percent
of power generated by 2050, a massive leap from the current 3 percent.
Q. National Policy on Electronics
- The draft National Policy on Electronics was released in October 2011.
Parts of the policies such EMC (Electronics Manufacturing Cultures) and
M-SIPS (Modified Special Incentive Package) has already been approved in
- The Policy will provide a clear road map for the development of
electronics sector in the country for the coming decade.
- The draft National Policy on Electronics (NPE) proposes to achieve a
domestic production of about USD 400 Billion by 2020 in the ESDM sector by
creating an industry friendly policy framework and ecosystem which provides
a level playing field for the domestic industry.
- This will involve investment of about USD 100 billion and provide
employment to around 28 million by 2020.
- This inter-alia includes achieving a turnover of USD 55 Billion of chip
design and embedded software industry and USD 80 Billion of exports in the
- Moreover, the policy also proposes setting up of over 200 Electronics
- The draft NPE also proposes to set up two semiconductor wafer
manufacturing facilities and to create and sustain a vibrant research and
development and innovation eco-system in the ESDM sector.
- Another important objective of the policy is to significantly upscale
high-end human resource creation to 2500 PhDs annually by 2020 in the
- Vide Gazette Notification dates 1-th February, 2012, the Government has
laid down the policy for providing preference to domestically manufactured
electronics products, in procurement of those electronics products which
have security implication for the country and in Governments procurement not
with a view to commercial resale or with a view to use in the production of
goods for commercial sale.
- The policy is expected to strengthen the cyber security ecosystem in the
country as well as provide a boost to the domestic manufacturing.
Q. Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme
The Union Cabinet on 12th July, 2012 approved the proposal to
provide a special incentive package to promote large-scale manufacturing in the
ESDM sector. The scheme is called the Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme
(M-SIPS). The main features of M-SIPS are as follow:
1. The scheme provides subsidy for investments in capital
expenditure – 20 percent for investments in SEZs. It also provides for
reimbursement of CVD/excise for capital equipment for the non-SEZ units. For
high technology and high capital investments units, like fabs, reimbursement of
central taxes and duties is also provided.
2. The incentives are available for investments made in a project within a
period of 10 years from the date of approval.
3. The incentive are available for 29 categories of
electronic products and product components including semiconductor chips and
chip components. The scheme also provides incentive for relocation of units from
The scheme is open for three years from notification. Approvals for incentives
not exceeding Rs. 10,000 crores will be granted during the XII Plan period. The
projects with incentives of Rs. 10,000 crores have potential to create
employment for nearly 0.5 million persons.
- The policy is expected to create an indigenous manufacturing eco-system
for electronics in the country.
- The projected requirement to reach to the target of USD 400 billion is
28 million people.
- The Department is also strengthening capacities in NIELIT (formerly
known as DOEACC) and CDAC to t rain large number of students in electronics
design and production technology.
Q. Future of Manufacturing
- The share of ICT & electronics hardware manufacturing has been
stagnating at a low 17 percent of GDP for over tow decades now. With an aim
of taking this to around 25 percent by 2025,
- By 2014 the import of electronics products will reach $ 125 bn.
- By 2015, India,s consumer market is bound to emerge as world,s 8th
largest and eventually escalate to the 5th position in 2025.
- With a target of issuing Aadhar numbers to 600 mallion by 2014, the UID
programme hould huge
- Establishing a , Natinal Electronhics Misson –a ndal agency for the
electronics industry within DIT and with direct interface to the prime
Minister s Office (PMO).
- Infosys and wipro. These companies used the” quality route “to grow
their business Indian IT companies folled the five levels of the software
Engineering Institute,s certification mare then any other country ,including
- For the 2012 financial year (which ended March 2012), annual business
crossed US$100 billon in sales revenue, with IT contributing to 7.5 percent
of India s GDP.
Q. National E—Governance Plan
1. The National E—Governance plan (NEGP) is the most
significant initiative taken in India during the last decade to mainstream ICT
in governance at both central and state levels. It lays emphasis on creating the
right governance and institutional framework within the country, establish the
core IT infrastructure, and implement a number of Mission Mode projects at the
central, integrated levels. The original vision of NEGP was to “Make all
Government services accessible to the common man in his locality through common
service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of
such services ay affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man”
The plan, consisting originally of 27 Mission Mode projects (M MPs) and 8
components, was approved in May 2006. subsequently, during july 2011,four new
MMPs on Hialth, system (PDS) and posts were added. The respective ministries and
departments in Government of India are responsible for overall formulation,
financial approvals and implementation of the MMPs.
Q. Integrated Approach to Implementation
The overall strategy for implementation envisaged an
integrated approach focusing on six key aspects and seven guiding principles (
Chauhan 2009). The six key aspects included connectivity capacity building.
Content creation cyber law, citizen interface, and capital. The seven guiding
principles included the following: centralized initiative and decentralized
implementation: delivering public value:thing big, start small, and scale fast:
change management” common core and support infrastructure: capacity building:
and public private partnerships (PPPs.)
Q. Governance structure under
NeGP has conceptualized a well—defined governance structure
to ensure its implementation as a comprehensive and integrated plan cutting
across various central line ministries and state governments. At the highest
level, there is a Committee headed by the prime Minster to provide the overall
leadership for the implementation of the NeGP. A National e-Governance Advisory
Group headed by the Minister of Communications and IT has been constituted to
seek views of the stakeholders and interventions needed to mainstream ICT in
governance in the country. An various Apex Committee on NeGP chaired by the
Cabinet secretary has also been constituted to monitor its implementation,
provide policy directions and resolve any inter-ministerial issues. For the
actual conceptualization, financial approvals, and implementation of the MMPs,
the respective line ministries and departments are responsible. Deity serves as
the secretariat for the Apex Committee in managing the NeGP and provides
technical advisory and appraisal services to the various departments
implementing the MMPs. IT is the core infrastructural and other technical
support components of the plan.
Q. Components under NeGP
Area Networks (SWANs), state Data centre’s (SDCs), and Common
service centers (CSCs) All The NeGp consists of eight components. The three main
core components. Consist of State Wide these three projects being implemented by
Deity. The other five components communication, capacity building assessment,
and research and development Deity plays pivotal role in these areas as well
Q. Mission Mode projects under
The 31 MMPs under the NEGP consist of 11 central, 7 integrated and 13 state
projects The11 central MMPs are as follows:
- Banking: This MMP has been led by the banking industry and aims at
integrating the core banking solutions across various banks in the country.
- Insurance: This is another industry led initiative that focuses on
services in the insurance sector being provided by the public sector
- MCA21: This project provides various services of the Ministry of
Corporate Affairs such as registration of documents, etc. through a secure
portal. IT has 8 service categories.
- Income Tax: It aims at providing all income tax related services to
citizens and businesses under 18 service categories.
- Central Excise: It provides excise and customs related services such as
online filing of services tax and excise returns, e-payment of customs
duties, etc under 16 service categories.
- National ID/UID: It aims at providing unique identification numbers to
all the residents in the country.
- Passports: It offers all passport related service categories including
applications for new passports, renewal of passports. Tracking of status of
- Immigration and Visa: it provides immigration and visa related services
under 9 service categories at the Indian Mission abroad.
- Pensions: It provides pension related service to pensioners under 2
- E-Office: It aims at automating all internal file management processes
within government departments.
- Post: This new MMP focuses on providing all postal savings accounts and
postal Out of the 11 central MMPs mentioned above, 10 have gone live and are
offering services to their stakeholders. However, not all services under
their defined service categories may be operational.
The 13 state MMPs are as follows.