(Premium) Gist of Yojana: October 2012

Premium Gist of Yojana: October 2012


  • Q 1. Electronics System Design Manufacture 6 Point. (Free Available)
  • Q 2. National Policy on Electronics (Free Available)
  • Q 3. Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (Free Available)
  • Q 4. Future of Manufacturing (Free Available)
  • Q 5. National E—Governance Plan (Free Available)
  • Q 6. Integrated Approach to Implementation (Free Available)
  • Q 7. Governance structure under (Free Available)
  • Q 8. Components under NeGP (Free Available)
  • Q 9. Mission Mode projects under (Free Available)
  • Q 10. National Land Records Modernization program me ( NLRMP) (Only For Premium Members)
  • Q 11. 7 Integrated MMPs are as follows: (Only For Premium Members)
  • Q 12. 6 Mobile Phone and Component Manufacturing (Only For Premium Members)

DO YOU KNOW? (Only For Premium Members)

Q. Electronics System Design Manufacture 6 Point.

1. The demand for electronics hardware in the country is projected to increase from USD 45 billion in 2009 to USD 400 billion by 2020. Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) hub to meet the domestic as well as the global requirements. Most of India’s domestic demand is presently being met through imports.

2. India produces just about 45 percent of the demands.

3. The domestic production growth rate stands at 16 percent and holding on to this growth rate would give India a total production of USD 104 billion creating a trade imbalance of USD 296 billion in the year 2020.

4. The electronics manufacturing sector is one of the very few sectors that can provide high employments across all education levels.

Sector of National import once

  • Major investments are expected in 3 major areas of strategic importance to India; Defense. Avionics and Nuclear sector. Estimates state that India is going to the 3rd largest market for defense equipment by the year 2015.
  • India’s nuclear power is expected to contribute 25 percent to 50 percent of power generated by 2050, a massive leap from the current 3 percent.

Q. National Policy on Electronics

  • The draft National Policy on Electronics was released in October 2011. Parts of the policies such EMC (Electronics Manufacturing Cultures) and M-SIPS (Modified Special Incentive Package) has already been approved in principle.
  • The Policy will provide a clear road map for the development of electronics sector in the country for the coming decade.
  • The draft National Policy on Electronics (NPE) proposes to achieve a domestic production of about USD 400 Billion by 2020 in the ESDM sector by creating an industry friendly policy framework and ecosystem which provides a level playing field for the domestic industry.
  • This will involve investment of about USD 100 billion and provide employment to around 28 million by 2020.
  • This inter-alia includes achieving a turnover of USD 55 Billion of chip design and embedded software industry and USD 80 Billion of exports in the sector.
  • Moreover, the policy also proposes setting up of over 200 Electronics Manufacturing clusters.
  • The draft NPE also proposes to set up two semiconductor wafer manufacturing facilities and to create and sustain a vibrant research and development and innovation eco-system in the ESDM sector.
  • Another important objective of the policy is to significantly upscale high-end human resource creation to 2500 PhDs annually by 2020 in the sector.
  • Vide Gazette Notification dates 1-th February, 2012, the Government has laid down the policy for providing preference to domestically manufactured electronics products, in procurement of those electronics products which have security implication for the country and in Governments procurement not with a view to commercial resale or with a view to use in the production of goods for commercial sale.
  • The policy is expected to strengthen the cyber security ecosystem in the country as well as provide a boost to the domestic manufacturing.

Q. Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme

The Union Cabinet on 12th July, 2012 approved the proposal to provide a special incentive package to promote large-scale manufacturing in the ESDM sector. The scheme is called the Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS). The main features of M-SIPS are as follow:

1. The scheme provides subsidy for investments in capital expenditure – 20 percent for investments in SEZs. It also provides for reimbursement of CVD/excise for capital equipment for the non-SEZ units. For high technology and high capital investments units, like fabs, reimbursement of central taxes and duties is also provided.

2. The incentives are available for investments made in a project within a period of 10 years from the date of approval.

3. The incentive are available for 29 categories of electronic products and product components including semiconductor chips and chip components. The scheme also provides incentive for relocation of units from abroad.
The scheme is open for three years from notification. Approvals for incentives not exceeding Rs. 10,000 crores will be granted during the XII Plan period. The projects with incentives of Rs. 10,000 crores have potential to create employment for nearly 0.5 million persons.

  • The policy is expected to create an indigenous manufacturing eco-system for electronics in the country.
  • The projected requirement to reach to the target of USD 400 billion is 28 million people.
  • The Department is also strengthening capacities in NIELIT (formerly known as DOEACC) and CDAC to t rain large number of students in electronics design and production technology.

Q. Future of Manufacturing

  • The share of ICT & electronics hardware manufacturing has been stagnating at a low 17 percent of GDP for over tow decades now. With an aim of taking this to around 25 percent by 2025,
  • By 2014 the import of electronics products will reach $ 125 bn.
  • By 2015, India,s consumer market is bound to emerge as world,s 8th largest and eventually escalate to the 5th position in 2025.
  • With a target of issuing Aadhar numbers to 600 mallion by 2014, the UID programme hould huge
  • Establishing a , Natinal Electronhics Misson –a ndal agency for the electronics industry within DIT and with direct interface to the prime Minister s Office (PMO).
  • Infosys and wipro. These companies used the” quality route “to grow their business­­ Indian IT companies folled the five levels of the software Engineering Institute,s certification mare then any other country ,including US.
  • For the 2012 financial year (which ended March 2012), annual business crossed US$100 billon in sales revenue, with IT contributing to 7.5 percent of India s GDP.

Q. National E—Governance Plan

1. The National E—Governance plan (NEGP) is the most significant initiative taken in India during the last decade to mainstream ICT in governance at both central and state levels. It lays emphasis on creating the right governance and institutional framework within the country, establish the core IT infrastructure, and implement a number of Mission Mode projects at the central, integrated levels. The original vision of NEGP was to “Make all Government services accessible to the common man in his locality through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of such services ay affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man” The plan, consisting originally of 27 Mission Mode projects (M MPs) and 8 components, was approved in May 2006. subsequently, during july 2011,four new MMPs on Hialth, system (PDS) and posts were added. The respective ministries and departments in Government of India are responsible for overall formulation, financial approvals and implementation of the MMPs.

Q. Integrated Approach to Implementation

The overall strategy for implementation envisaged an integrated approach focusing on six key aspects and seven guiding principles ( Chauhan 2009). The six key aspects included connectivity capacity building. Content creation cyber law, citizen interface, and capital. The seven guiding principles included the following: centralized initiative and decentralized implementation: delivering public value:thing big, start small, and scale fast: change management” common core and support infrastructure: capacity building: and public private partnerships (PPPs.)

Q. Governance structure under

NeGP has conceptualized a well—defined governance structure to ensure its implementation as a comprehensive and integrated plan cutting across various central line ministries and state governments. At the highest level, there is a Committee headed by the prime Minster to provide the overall leadership for the implementation of the NeGP. A National e-Governance Advisory Group headed by the Minister of Communications and IT has been constituted to seek views of the stakeholders and interventions needed to mainstream ICT in governance in the country. An various Apex Committee on NeGP chaired by the Cabinet secretary has also been constituted to monitor its implementation, provide policy directions and resolve any inter-ministerial issues. For the actual conceptualization, financial approvals, and implementation of the MMPs, the respective line ministries and departments are responsible. Deity serves as the secretariat for the Apex Committee in managing the NeGP and provides technical advisory and appraisal services to the various departments implementing the MMPs. IT is the core infrastructural and other technical support components of the plan.

Q. Components under NeGP

Area Networks (SWANs), state Data centre’s (SDCs), and Common service centers (CSCs) All The NeGp consists of eight components. The three main core components. Consist of State Wide these three projects being implemented by Deity. The other five components communication, capacity building assessment, and research and development Deity plays pivotal role in these areas as well

Q. Mission Mode projects under

The 31 MMPs under the NEGP consist of 11 central, 7 integrated and 13 state projects The11 central MMPs are as follows:

  1. Banking: This MMP has been led by the banking industry and aims at integrating the core banking solutions across various banks in the country.
  2. Insurance: This is another industry led initiative that focuses on services in the insurance sector being provided by the public sector insurance companies.
  3. MCA21: This project provides various services of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs such as registration of documents, etc. through a secure portal. IT has 8 service categories.
  4. Income Tax: It aims at providing all income tax related services to citizens and businesses under 18 service categories.
  5. Central Excise: It provides excise and customs related services such as online filing of services tax and excise returns, e-payment of customs duties, etc under 16 service categories.
  6. National ID/UID: It aims at providing unique identification numbers to all the residents in the country.
  7. Passports: It offers all passport related service categories including applications for new passports, renewal of passports. Tracking of status of applications. Etc.
  8. Immigration and Visa: it provides immigration and visa related services under 9 service categories at the Indian Mission abroad.
  9. Pensions: It provides pension related service to pensioners under 2 service categories.
  10. E-Office: It aims at automating all internal file management processes within government departments.
  11. Post: This new MMP focuses on providing all postal savings accounts and postal Out of the 11 central MMPs mentioned above, 10 have gone live and are offering services to their stakeholders. However, not all services under their defined service categories may be operational.
    The 13 state MMPs are as follows.