Public Administration Mains 2021 : Solved Paper-2 (Question:3)

Public Administration Mains 2021 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-3)

Section A

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Q3.(a) Recruitment is the cornerstone of the whole public personnel structure and it revolves around the problem of attracting the best. Discuss the essential elements of a good recruitment system.


(b) Traditionally structured administrative systems have outlived their utility. Discuss as how administrative reforms can revamp, restructure and redesign the existing governmental structure to meet the new challenges faced by the Indian administrative set-up.

A policy by itself cannot solve problems: it has to be implemented and the implementation strategy requires to be meticulously planned which demands efficiency to implement a reform and what is more, institutionalize it. Mere acceptance of a report is not enough. As functionaries are accustomed to the older order of things there is always a risk of their reverting to past practices unless strong efforts are made to institutionalize reforms .Administrative reform must not be taken as a routine job: the ringing in of a new order requires extra effort and drive.

A strong minister must be put in charge of the reform agency: this is part of the larger requirement of an assured political stability in the country. A systemic reform necessarily confronts numerous problems strewn all over its path including its follow-up stages. All this demands high-quality leadership. Nor must one expect miraculous change in public administration immediately after the administrative reform has been implemented fully. Reform is a slow, complex exercise and quick results cannot be expected. Monitoring, reporting and evaluating de them hard mechanisms too require to be developed.

The distressing fact is that India’s implementation record has been dismal poor. Administrative growth confronts definite limits which’ a reformer may ignore at his own peril. It has never been contended that administrative reform in India has no future. In short, administrative reform is a slow meandering process, requiring enormous patience and tact. It rarely succeeds as expected and usually fails through faulty implementation’. No proposal for reform is likely to be effective if there is no significant change in mindset of the bureaucracy. An attitudinal and behavioural revolution must animate India’s bureaucracy frozen as it is in the antiquated mould of colonial culture. The new slogan should be service with smile, not after a mile! India’s foremost need, today, is to repair and reconstruct the country’s public administration even though the country shows a proneness to set up a committee on administrative reform at the slightest provocation. A serious approach to administrative reform must follow a system path. Public administration of the land has become too unwieldy picking up a lot of non-essential work, resulting in blatant oversizing.

(c) The government policy of large scale privatization of the key sectors of economy may affect India's economic health. Comment.


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