Public Administration Mains 2021 : Solved Paper-2 (Question:6)

Public Administration Mains 2021 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-6)

Section B

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Q6.(a) Budget proposals in the  Parliament/ State Legislatures fail to ensure their collective scrutiny. Identify the factors which constrain effective scrutiny of the budget proposals.

According to Article 112 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India causes to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament an annual financial statement’ con taining the statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for that year. On the recommendation of the President of India, the estimates of expenditure, other than those specified for the Consolidated Fund of India, are presented to the Lok Sabha in the form of demands for grants. Under Article 113, the Lok Sabha has the power to assent to or to reject, any demand, or to assent to any demand, subject to a reduction of the amount specified. After the conclusion of the general debate on the budget, the demands for grants of various ministries are presented to the Lok Sabha. There was a time when all demands were introduced by the Finance Minister; but, now, they are formally introduced by the ministers of the concerned departments. These demands are not presented to the Rajya Sabha, though a general debate on the budget takes place there too. The demands of ministries may be voted without any discussion at all; but, in case the members are not satisfied, several methods of introducing ‘cuts’ can be adopted.

(b)  73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts aimed at making the third tier of government powerfül and effective for democratic decentralization. Critically examine the extent to which this goal has been transformed into reality.


(c) National Human Rights Commission is handicapped by its jurisdictional limitations of not being able to investigate the cases of violation of human rights by the armed forces. Discuss.


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